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  1. › wiki › GrenadaGrenada - Wikipedia

    Grenada is of volcanic origin, as evident in its soil, mountainous interior, and several explosion craters, including Lake Antoine, Grand Etang Lake and Levera Pond. Grenada's highest point is Mount St. Catherine, rising to 840 m (2,760 ft) above sea level. Other major mountains include Mount Granby and South East Mountain.

  2. Granada (Grenada en inglés, Gwenad en criollo granadino francés) es un país insular [4] de América, [5] que forma parte de las Antillas Menores, [6] [7] [8] en el mar Caribe. Incluye a las Granadinas del sur. Es el segundo país independiente más pequeño del hemisferio occidental (después de San Cristóbal y Nieves ) por lo ...

    • Granadino, -a
    • Inglés
    • Early History
    • 17th Century
    • 18th Century
    • 19th Century
    • Last Colonial Years: 1900–1974
    • Independence, Revolution and Us Invasion: 1974–1983
    • Democracy Restored: 1983 to Present Day
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Approximately 2 million years ago, Grenada was formed by volcanic activity, which then resulted in land formation. The earliest potential evidence for human presence on Grenada comes from the increase of charcoal particulates and the decline of arboreal pollen from the original climax forests, around 3760–3525 BC, during the Archaic Age. This evide...

    English attempted settlement

    In June 1609, the first attempt at settlement by Europeans was made by an English expedition of 24 colonizers led by Mossis Goldfry, Hall, Lull, and Robincon, who arrived in the ships Diana, the Penelope, and the Endeavour. The settlement was attacked and destroyed by the indigenous islanders and many tortured and killed. The few survivors were evacuated when the ships returned on 15 December 1609.

    French settlement and conquest

    On 17 March 1649, a French expedition of 203 men from Martinique, led by Jacques Dyel du Parquet who had been the Governor of Martinique on behalf of the Compagnie des Iles de l'Amerique (Company of the Isles of America) since 1637, landed at St. Georges Harbour and constructed a fortified settlement, which they named Fort Annunciation. A treaty was swiftly agreed between du Parquet and the indigenous Chief Kairouane to peacefully partition the island between the two communities. Du Parquet r...

    French administration

    On 27 September 1650, du Parquet bought Grenada, Martinique, and St. Lucia from the Compagnie des Iles de l'Amerique, which was dissolved, for the equivalent of £1160. In 1657, du Parquet sold Grenada to Jean de Faudoas, Comte de Sérillac for the equivalent of £1890. In 1664, King Louis XIV bought out the independent island owners and established the French West India Company. In 1674 the French West India Company was dissolved. Proprietary rule ended in Grenada, which became a French colony...

    French colony

    In 1700, Grenada had a population of 257 whites, 53 coloureds, and 525 slaves. There were three sugar estates, 52 indigo plantations, 64 horses, and 569 head of cattle. Between 1705 and 1710 the French built Fort Royal at St. George's which is now known as Fort George. The collapse of the sugar estates and the introduction of cocoa and coffee in 1714 encouraged the development of smaller land holdings, and the island developed a land-owning yeoman farmer class.In 1738, the first hospital was...

    British colony

    Grenada was captured by the British during the Seven Years' War on 4 March 1762 by Commodore Swanton without a shot being fired. Grenada was formally ceded to Britain by the Treaty of Paris on 10 February 1763. In 1766, the island was rocked by a severe earthquake. In 1767, a slave uprising was put down. In 1771 and again in 1775, the town of St. George, which was constructed solely of wood, was burnt to the ground – after which it was sensibly rebuilt using stone and brick. France recaptured...

    Fédon's Rebellion

    Julien Fédon, a mixed-race owner of the Belvedere estate in the St. John Parish, launched a rebellion against British rule on the night of 2 March 1795, with coordinated attacks on the towns of La Baye and Gouyave. Fédon was clearly influenced by the ideas emerging from the French Revolution and was initially supported by French Revolutionary advisors. Between March 1795 and June 1796, Fédon and his troops controlled all of Grenada except the parish of St George, the seat of government. Durin...

    Early 19th century

    In 1833, Grenada became part of the British Windward Islands Administration and remained so until 1958. British operated slavery was abolished in 1834, but the last enslaved African descendants were eventually freed in 1838. Nutmegwas introduced in 1843, when a merchant ship called in on its way to England from the East Indies.

    Late 19th century

    In 1857, the first East Indian immigrants arrived. In 1871 Grenada was connected to the telegraph. In 1872 the first secondary school was built. On 3 December 1877 the pure Crown colony model replaced Grenada's old representative system of government. On 3 December 1882, the largest wooden jetty ever built in Grenada was opened in Gouyave. In 1885, after Barbados left the British Windward Islands, the capital of the colonial confederation was moved from Bridgetown to St. George on Grenada. Fr...

    Early 20th century

    The 1901 census showed that the population of the colony was 63,438. In 1917, T.A. Marryshow founded the Representative Government Association (RGA) to agitate for a new and participative constitutional dispensation for the Grenadian people. Partly as a result of Marryshow's lobbying the Wood Commission of 1921–1922 concluded that Grenada was ready for constitutional reform in the form of a 'modified' Crown Colony government. This modification granted Grenadians from 1925 the right to elect 5...

    Towards independence: 1950–1974

    In 1950, Grenada had its constitution amended to increase the number of elected seats on the Legislative Council from 5 to 8, to be elected by full adult franchise at the 1951 election. In 1950 Eric Gairy founded the Grenada United Labour Party, initially as a trade union, which led the 1951 general strike for better working conditions. This sparked great unrest – so many buildings were set ablaze that the disturbances became known as the "red sky" days – and the British authorities had to ca...


    On 7 February 1974, Grenada became a fully independent state. Grenada continued to practise a modified Westminster parliamentary system based on the British model with a governor general appointed by and representing the British monarch (head of state) and a prime minister who is both leader of the majority party and the head of government. Eric Gairy was independent Grenada's first prime minister serving from 1974 until his overthrow in 1979. Gairy won re-election in Grenada's first general...

    The 1979 coup and revolutionary government

    On March 13, 1979, the New Jewel Movement launched an armed revolution that removed Gairy, suspended the constitution, and established a People's Revolutionary Government (PRG), headed by Maurice Bishop who declared himself prime minister. His Marxist-Leninist government established close ties with Cuba, Nicaragua, and other communist bloccountries. All political parties except for the New Jewel Movement were banned and no elections were held during the four years of PRG rule.

    The 1983 coups

    On 14 October 1983, a power struggle within Bishop's ruling party ended with his house arrest. His erstwhile friend and rival, Deputy Prime Minister, Bernard Coard, briefly became Head of Government. This coup precipitated demonstrations in various parts of the island which eventually led to Bishop being freed from arrest by an impassioned crowd of his loyal supporters on 19 October 1983. Bishop was soon recaptured by Grenadian soldiers loyal to the Coard faction and executed along with seven...

    Post invasion politics

    When US troops withdrew from Grenada in December 1983, Nicholas Braithwaite was appointed Prime Minister of an interim administration by the Governor General Sir Paul Scoonuntil elections could be organized. On 28 October 1984, the new Point Salines International Airportwas opened, which enabled Grenada to receive large commercial jets for the first time. The first democratic elections since 1976 were held in December 1984 and were won by the Grenada National Party under Herbert Blaize who wo...

    Truth and reconciliation commission

    In 2000–02, much of the controversy of the late 1970s and early 1980s was once again brought into the public consciousness with the opening of the truth and reconciliation commission. The commission was chaired by a Catholic priest, Father Mark Haynes, and was tasked with uncovering injustices arising from the PRA, Bishop's regime, and before. It held a number of hearings around the country. The commission was formed because of a school project. Brother Robert Fanovich, head of Presentation B...

    Hurricane Ivan

    On 7 September 2004, Grenada was hit directly by category four Hurricane Ivan. The hurricane destroyed about 85 per cent of the structures on the island, including the prison and the prime minister's residence, killed thirty-nine people, and destroyed most of the nutmeg crop, Grenada's economic mainstay. Grenada's economy was set back several years by Hurricane Ivan's impact. Hurricane Emilyravaged the island's north end in June 2005.

    Grenade, Wendy C. (ed.). The Grenada Revolution: Reflections and Lessons(University Press of Mississippi; 2015). 320 pages; $political history of the 1970s and 1980s
    Kurlansky, Mark. 1992. A Continent of Islands: Searching for the Caribbean Destiny. Addison-Wesley Publishing. ISBN 0-201-52396-5.
    Steele, Beverley A. (2003). Grenada. A History of its People. Macmillan. ISBN 0-201-52396-5.
    Puri, Shalini: The Grenada Revolution in the Caribbean Present - Operation Urgent MemoryPalgrave Macmillan US, 2014 {{DOI:10.1057/9781137066909}}.
    History of the Invasion of Grenada from the Dean Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives
  3. Grenada ( / ɡrəˈneɪdə / ( listen) grə-NAY-də; Grenadian Creole French: Gwenad) is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea that received its independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. Its capital is St. George's . The island was invaded by the American military in 1983 because of Cuba 's presence there.

  4. Grenada is an island country located between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago. It is located at 12°07′N 61°40′W. There are no large inland bodies of water on the island, which consists entirely of the state of Grenada. The coastline is 121 km long.

    • 344.5 km² (133.0 sq mi)
    • 109,100 (2012)
  5. › wiki › GrenadaGrenada – Wikipedia

    Grenada, offiziell Staat Grenada ([greˈnaːda], englisch State of Grenada), ist ein Inselstaat und der Name einer hierzu gehörigen Insel der Kleinen Antillen, die geographisch zu den Inseln über dem Winde in der Karibischen See gehört. Der Inselstaat ist Mitglied des Commonwealth of Nations

  6. 17 de may. de 2023 · Grenada, byname Isle of Spice, island country of the West Indies. It is the southernmost island of the north-south arc of the Lesser Antilles, lying in the eastern Caribbean Sea about 100 miles (160 km) north of the coast of Venezuela. Oval in shape, the island is approximately 21 miles (34 km) long and 12 miles (19 km) wide.

  7. Granada. Municipio y ciudad de España. Bandera. Escudo. De izquierda a derecha y de arriba abajo: la Alhambra, torre de la catedral, la iglesia de San Gil y Santa Ana, el Palacio de Carlos V, la fuente de las Granadas, la carrera del Darro, la Real Chancillería, la Gran Vía y el monasterio de San Jerónimo. Granada.

  8. The United States invasion of Grenada began at dawn on 25 October 1983. The United States and a coalition of six Caribbean nations invaded the island nation of Grenada, 100 miles (160 km) north of Venezuela. Codenamed Operation Urgent Fury by the U.S. military, it resulted in military occupation within a few days. [10]

  9. › wiki › GrenadaGrenada - Wikipedia

    Coordinate: 12°07′N 61°40′W ( Mappa) Grenada (in creolo francese grenadino: Gwenad) è uno Stato insulare nel mar dei Caraibi sud-orientale, che comprende anche le Grenadine meridionali. Grenada è il secondo più piccolo Stato indipendente del continente americano (dopo Saint Kitts e Nevis ).

  10. › wiki › GrenadaGrenada - Wikipedia

    Grenada, officieel Staat Grenada ( Engels: State of Grenada) is het op tien na kleinste land ter wereld. De eilandengroep ligt in het Caraïbisch gebied ten noorden van Trinidad en Tobago en ten zuiden van de Grenadines. Grenada maakt deel uit van de Bovenwindse Eilanden van de Kleine Antillen .

  11. › wiki › GrenadaGrenada – Wikipedia

    Grenada – Wikipedia Koordinater: 12°8′N 61°41′V Grenada För andra betydelser, se Grenada (olika betydelser). Grenada är en östat i Västindien, belägen norr om Trinidad och Tobago och tillhör geografiskt Öarna över vinden i Små Antillerna.