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  1. Poltava (en ucraniano: Полта́ва, pronunciación: polˈtɑwɐ) es una ciudad en Ucrania.Poltava se incorpora administrativamente como una ciudad de importancia regional al ser la capital de la óblast de Poltava y tiene una población de 284 879 habitantes.

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › PoltavaPoltava - Wikipedia

    Poltava's transportation infrastructure consists of two major train stations with railway links to Kyiv, Kharkiv, and Kremenchuk. Poltava's Kyiv line is electrified and is used by the Poltava Express. The electrification of the Poltava-Kharkiv line was completed in August 2008. The Avtovokzal serves as the city's intercity bus station.

    • 103 km² (40 sq mi)
    • 36000—36499
    • Preludio
    • Batalla
    • Consecuencias
    • Bibliografía
    • Enlaces Externos

    Después de las victorias en 1700, Rusia y Dinamarca cayeron como potencias militares, pero a Carlos XII le fue imposible finalizar la guerra ocho años antes de que pudiera llegar a acordar la paz con Sajonia y Polonia. Durante este tiempo, Pedro I reorganizó y armó un gran y moderno ejército, basándose en una infantería entrenada al modo occidental en el uso de armas, logrando una paralizante victoria en Livonia. Fundó además la ciudad de San Petersburgo. Como represalia, Carlos XII ordenó un golpe fatal al corazón de Rusia, con un ataque directo a Moscú. En 1708, Carlos XII penetró en Rusia a la cabeza de un gran ejército. El ejército del zar rehusó entablar un combate directo y, en vez de eso, adoptó la táctica de tierra quemada. El verano era frío y húmedo, con dificultades para abastecerse. El avance de Carlos XII dependía de una columna de abastecimiento y apoyo, al mando del general Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt. Ésta consistía en unos refuerzos de 11 000 hombres, 16 cañones de artil...

    Cuando la batalla se inició, Carlos XII tenía cerca de 20 000 hombres, en tanto que Pedro I disponía de 45 000. Para empeorar la situación inicial de los suecos, Carlos XII fue herido en un pie por un francotirador ruso el 17 de junio, durante el sitio a la fortaleza y mientras inspeccionaba los puestos de avanzada suecos en Vorskla. Esta circunstancia le obligó a transferir el mando al mariscal de campo Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld. Planeó entonces romper las líneas rusas y escapar en dirección norte. La batalla comenzó a las 3:45 de la madrugada del 28 de junio, antes de amanecer, con el avance de las tropas suecas contra las líneas fortificadas rusas. El planteamiento inicial de la acción ofensiva fue al modo tradicional, con los suecos mejor adiestrados atacando el flanco izquierdo y el centro de los rusos y conquistando algunas posiciones defensivas rusas. Los suecos parecían inicialmente poseer la ventaja, pero ésta fue anulada rápidamente. Para el amanecer, el día estaba ya muy cál...

    Casi todo el ejército sueco que sobrevivió, cuyos números llegaban a varios miles, capituló en Perevolchna el 11 de julio de 1709. Los prisioneros fueron puestos a trabajar en la construcción de la nueva ciudad de San Petersburgo. A Carlos y Mazepa se les permitió escapar con aproximadamente 1.500 hombres a Bendery, Moldavia, que en ese entonces estaba controlada por el Imperio otomano. Carlos pasó cinco años exiliado allí antes de poder volver a Suecia.

    G. Adlerfelt, The Military History of Charles XII, King of Sweden, Written by the Express Order of His Majesty. London, 3 vols, 1740.
    Peter Englund, The Battle of Poltava: The Birth of the Russian Empire. London, 1992.
    Angus Konstam, Poltava 1709, Russia Comes of Age. Osprey Campaign #34. Osprey Publishing, 1994.
    • Overview
    • Background
    • Battle
    • Aftermath

    The Battle of Poltava was the decisive and largest battle of the Great Northern War. A Russian army under the command of Tsar Peter I defeated a Swedish army, under the command of Carl Gustaf Rehnskiöld. The battle put an end to the status of the Swedish Empire as a European great power, as well as its eastbound expansion, and marked the beginning of Russian supremacy in Northern Europe. During the course of six years in the initial stages of the war, king Charles XII and the Swedish Empire had

    Charles XII had led Swedish forces to early victories in North Zealand and in the Battle of Narva in November 1700. However, it took six years for him to defeat Augustus II of Saxony-Poland.: 701, 703 Peter I withdrew from Poland in the spring of 1706,: 700 and offered to cede his Baltic possessions to Sweden except St. Petersburg, but Charles refused.: 703 Peter subsequently adopted a scorched-earth policy in order to deprive the Swedish forces of supplies.: 704 Charles ordered a final attack o

    Because of his wound, Charles turned over operational command to Field Marshal Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld.: 289 Four columns of infantry and six columns of cavalry were to form during the night, 600 meters south of the redoubts, intending to attack before dawn in order to ...

    General Roos and six battalions became isolated while attempting to take the third Russian redoubt.: 110 After suffering severe casualties from several assault attempts, Roos led the remaining 1,500 of his original 2,600 men into the Yakovetski woods to the east at 6:00 a.m.: 114

    At 9:45 a.m. Rehnskiöld ordered Lewenhaupt and the Swedish line to move forward, advancing towards the Russian line, which started firing its cannons at 500 meters.: 147, 151 When the Swedes were 50 meters from the Russian line, the Russians opened fire with their muskets ...

    High-ranking Swedes captured during the battle included Field Marshal Rehnskiöld, Maj. Gen. Schlippenbach, Maj. Gen. Stackelberg, Maj. Gen. Hamilton and Prince Maximilian Emanuel, as well as Piper.: 199, 203 Peter the Great held a celebratory banquet in two large tents erected on the battlefield.: 202 Voltaire assumed Peter's reason for this, in raising a toast to the Swedish generals as war masters, was to send a message to his own generals about disloyalty.: 108 Two mass graves contained ...

    • 8 July 1709
    • Russian victory, Destruction of the Carolean army, Loss of Cossack Hetmanate autonomy, Reentry of Denmark-Norway and Poland-Lithuania into the war, Turning point in the Great Northern War; decline of the Swedish Empire, Tsardom of Russia establishes itself as a new power in Europe
  3. Poltava is also called a cultural capital because of its colourful history and many famous Ukrainians who were born in Poltava. Native citizens often follow this idea, being proud of their city and calling it "a city where one wants to live in". Off course, trying to keep this rate: there are many sites of architecture, museums, universities ...

  4. Poltava synonyms, Poltava pronunciation, Poltava translation, English dictionary definition of Poltava. A city of central Ukraine west-southwest of Kharkiv. Probably settled by Slavic peoples in the 8th or 9th century, it was a Cossack stronghold in the 17th...

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