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  1. El Almirante de la Flota Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1.º Vizconde Cunningham de Hyndhope, KT, GCB, OM, DSO, hermano mayor del General sir Alan Cunningham, fue un almirante británico de la Segunda Guerra Mundial. A menudo es citado por sus iniciales «ABC». Nació en Rathmines, un suburbio de Dublín, entonces parte del Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda, el 7 de enero de 1883, y asistió a diversas escuelas e institutos antes de alistarse en la Escuela Naval de Edimburgo con ...

    • Academia de Edimburgo
    • 1897 - 1946
  2. World War II. See all related content →. Andrew Browne Cunningham, (born January 7, 1883, Dublin, Ireland—died June 12, 1963, London, England), British naval officer who was an outstanding combat commander early in World War II and served as first sea lord of the Admiralty from 1943 to 1946. Cunningham became a naval cadet on HMS Britannia in 1897, ...

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. Andrew Browne Cunningham, primer Lord del Mar de la flota Británica, dirigió las fuerzas navales de su país durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, siendo su principal preocupación la seguridad de los convoyes que se dirigían hacia Egipto y Malta. A. B. Cunningham nació el 7 de enero de 1883 en Dublín, Irlanda. Con la corta edad de diez años fue ...

  4. Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope, KT, GCB, OM, DSO & Two Bars (7 January 1883 – 12 June 1963) was a senior officer of the Royal Navy during the Second World War. He was widely known by his initials, "ABC". Cunningham was born in Rathmines in the south side of Dublin on 7 January 1883

    • World War I Contributions
    • Interwar Years
    • World War II Contributions
    • Later War
    • Later Life
    • Sources

    Promoted to lieutenant in 1904, Cunningham passed through several peacetime postings before receiving his first command, HM Torpedo Boat #14 four years later. In 1911, Cunningham was placed in command of the destroyer HMS Scorpion. Aboard at the outbreak of World War I, he took part in the failed pursuit of the German battlecruiser SMS Goeben and c...

    Promoted to captain in 1920, Cunningham moved through a number of senior destroyer commands and later served as Fleet Captain and Chief of Staff to Cowan in North America and West Indies Squadron. He also attended the Army Senior Officers' School and the Imperial Defense College. Upon completing the latter, he received his first major command, the ...

    With the beginning of World War II in September 1939, Cunningham's primary focus became protecting the convoys that supplied British forces in Malta and Egypt. With the defeat of France in June 1940, Cunningham was forced to enter into tense negotiations with Admiral Rene-Emile Godfroy regarding the status of the French squadron at Alexandria. Thes...

    In April 1942, with the United States now in the war, Cunningham was appointed to the naval staff mission to Washington, DC and built a strong relationship with the Commander-in-Chief of the US Fleet, Admiral Ernest King. As a result of these meetings, he was given command of the Allied Expeditionary Force, under General Dwight D. Eisenhower, for t...

    For his wartime service, Cunningham was created Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope. Retiring to Bishop's Waltham in Hampshire, he lived in a house that he and his wife, Nona Byatt (m. 1929), had purchased before the war. During his retirement, he held several ceremonial titles including Lord High Steward at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. Cunnin...

    Antill, Peter, "Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham," 1883 - 1963.
    “Biography of Andrew Cunningham.” Royal Naval Museum, Royal Naval Museum Library, 2004.
    • Military And Naval History Expert
    • 3 min
  5. Andrew Browne “ABC” Cunningham había sido miembro de la Royal Navy ya en 1897. Fue veterano de la Guerra de Sudáfrica (1899-1902) y de la Primera Guerra Mundial. Durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, fue comandante en jefe del Mediterráneo de 1939 a 1942, y de nuevo en 1943.

  6. Andrew Cunningham nació en Rathmines, Condáu de Dublín el 7 de xineru de 1883, [5] el terceru de cinco fíos del profesor Daniel Cunningham y de la so esposa Elizabeth Cumming Browne, dambos d'orixe escocés. [6] Él mesmu describió a los sos padres como «grandes intelectuales y de tradición clerical », una y bones dambos güelus fueren clérigos.

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