The constitution states that Lower Saxony be a free, republican, democratic, social and environmentally sustainable state inside the Federal Republic of Germany; universal human rights, peace and justice are preassigned guidelines of society, and the human rights and civil liberties proclaimed by the constitution of the Federal Republic are genuine constituents of the constitution of Lower Saxony.
Baja Sajonia - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Coordenadas: 52°45′22″N 9°23′35″E Baja Sajonia Baja Sajonia (en alemán, Niedersachsen, pronunciado /ˈniːdɐˌzaksn̩/ ( escuchar); en bajo alemán, Neddersassen; en frisón de Saterland, Läichsaksen) es uno de los dieciséis estados federados de Alemania. Su capital es Hannover.
Osnabrück Wolfsburg Göttingen Salzgitter Hildesheim Wilhelmshaven The following table lists the 63 cities and communes in Lower Saxony with a population of at least 25,000 on December 31, 2017, as estimated by the Federal Statistical Office of Germany.  A city is displayed in bold if it is a state or federal capital.
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Saxony has a long history as a duchy, an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire (the Electorate of Saxony), and finally as a kingdom (the Kingdom of Saxony). In 1918, after Germany's defeat in World War I, its monarchy was overthrown and a republican form of government was established under the current name. The state was broken up into smaller units ...
The highest mountain in Saxony is the Fichtelberg (1,215 m) in the Western Ore Mountains.
There are numerous rivers in Saxony. The Elbe is the most dominant one. The Neisse defines the border between Saxony and Poland. Other rivers include the Mulde and the White Elster.
Largest cities and towns
The largest cities and towns in Saxony according to the 31 July 2022 estimate are listed below. Leipzig forms a conurbation with Halle, known as Ballungsraum Leipzig/Halle. The latter city is located just across the border of Saxony-Anhalt. Leipzig shares, for instance, an S-train system (known as S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland) and an airportwith Halle. 1. Leipzig 2. Dresden 3. Chemnitz 4. Zwickau 5. Plauen 6. Görlitz 7. Freiberg 8. Freital 9. Bautzen
Saxony is a parliamentary democracy. A Minister President heads the government of Saxony. Michael Kretschmerhas been Minister President since 13 December 2017.
Saxony is a densely populated state if compared with more rural German states such as Bavaria or Lower Saxony. However, the population has declined over time. The population of Saxony began declining in the 1950s due to emigration, a process which accelerated after the fall of the Berlin Wallin 1989. After bottoming out in 2013, the population has stabilized due to increased immigration and higher fertility rates. The cities of Leipzig, Dresden and Chemnitz, and the towns of Radebeul and Mark...
The average number of children per woman in Saxony was 1.60 in 2018, the fourth-highest rate of all German states. Within Saxony, the highest is the Bautzendistrict with 1.77, while Leipzig is the lowest with 1.49. Dresden's fertility rate of 1.58 is the highest of all German cities with more than 500,000 inhabitants.
Saxony is home to the Sorbs. There are currently between 45,000 and 60,000 Sorbs living in Saxony (Upper Lusatia region). Today's Sorb minority is the remainder of the Slavic population that settled throughout Saxony in the early Middle Ages and over time slowly assimilated into the German speaking society. Many geographic names in Saxony are of Sorbic origin (including the three largest cities Chemnitz, Dresden and Leipzig). The Sorbic language and culture are protected by special laws and c...
The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the state was 124.6 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 3.7% of German economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 28,100 euros or 93% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 85% of the EU average. The GDP per capita was the highest of the states of the former GDR. S...
Saxony's school system belongs to the most excelling ones in Germany. It has been ranked first in the German school assessment (Bildungsmonitor) for several years. Saxony has four large universities, six Fachhochschulen (Universities of Applied Sciences) and six art schools. The Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden), founded in 1828, is one...
Saxony is part of Central Germany as a cultural area. As such, throughout German history it played an important role in shaping German culture.Geographic data related to Saxony at OpenStreetMap
Website. www.leer.de. Leer is a town in the district of Leer, in the northwestern part of Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the river Leda,  a tributary of the river Ems, near the border with the Netherlands. With 34,958 inhabitants (2021), it is the third-largest city in East Frisia after Emden and Aurich .