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  1. Sussex (/ˈsʌsɪks/) es un condado del sur de Inglaterra, que se corresponde aproximadamente con el territorio del antiguo Reino de Sussex.Limita al norte con el condado de Surrey, al este con el condado de Kent, al oeste con Hampshire y al sur con el Canal de la Mancha.

  2. › wiki › SussexSussex - Wikipedia

    Sussex ( / ˈsʌsɪks / ), from the Old English Sūþsēaxe ( South Saxons ), is a historic county in South East England that was formerly an independent medieval Anglo-Saxon kingdom. It is bounded to the west by Hampshire, north by Surrey, northeast by Kent, south by the English Channel, and divided for many purposes into the ceremonial ...

    • SSX
    • Orígenes Del Reino de Sussex
    • Geografía
    • Referencias

    La fundación del Reino de Sussex es la más oscura y controvertida de todos los Estados de la Heptarquía, por un lado la falta de fuentes históricas de la época, por otro la falta de hallazgos arqueológicos que avalen la historia y, por último, las grandes lagunas entre la supuesta fundación del reino y las posteriores referencias a Sussex. La Leyenda Las ASC[1]​ nos cuentan que los sajones llegaron a Sussex en el año 477 en tres barcos al mando de Ælle y sus tres hijos Cymen, Wlenking y Cissa. Desembarcaron en un lugar llamado Cymenshore, allí mataron a muchos britanos y los hicieron huir hacia el bosque de Andredes.[2]​ En 485 Ælle derrota a los britanos en un lugar llamado Mecred's- Burnsted.[3]​ Y en el 491 sitian el fuerte de Andredes, la conquistan y masacran a sus habitantes.[4]​ Entre 491 y 607, donde las crónicas dicen que Ceolwulf de Wessex lucha contra los sajones del sur, nos encontramos un enorme vacío. Tenemos otras menciones de Ælle: Beda[5]​ lo hace al nombrar la list...

    Los límites del reino sajón de Sussex coinciden en general con los del antiguo reino britano de Regneses y con el posterior condado inglés de Sussex, que en la actualidad está dividido entre los condados de East Sussex y West Sussex. Situado en la costa meridional de la isla de Gran Bretaña, toda su frontera sur limitaba con el Canal de la Mancha, al este se situaba el reino juto de Kent, al oeste el reino sajón de Wessex y al norte Suther-ge (Surrey), región disputada por los vecinos de Kent, Mercia, Essex y Wessex. Todo el reino era montuoso y boscoso,[16]​ el norte estaba ocupado por el bosque de Andred (Andredes Leag), lo que actualmente es conocido como The Weald, zona de colinas de arenisca de 200 a 300 metros de altura cubiertas de vegetación.[17]​ Al sur de estas se alzaban las colinas de creta blanca conocidas como South Downs[18]​ (del sajón, dun = colina), que llegaban hasta el mar formando impresionantes acantiladosblancos de más de 100 m de altura. La mayor altura del p...

    Asser (2004). Keyne Lapidge (Trans). ed. Alfred the Great. Penguin Classic. ISBN 978-0-14-044409-4.
    Bede (1990). Sherley-Price, Leo and Farmer, D.H. (Trans). ed. Ecclesiastical History of the English People. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-044565-X.
    Bell, Martin (1978). Saxon Sussex. In Drewett, P. L. (ed.), Archaeology in Sussex to AD 1500 : essays for Eric Holden.
    Belloc, Hillaire (reprinted 1996). The Hills and the Sea. Marlborough. ISBN 0-8101-6009-9.
    • Geography
    • Population
    • History
    • Life and Society
    • Culture
    • Heraldic Device
    • See Also

    The Kingdom of Sussex had its initial focus in a territory based on the former kingdom and Romano-British civitas of the Regni and its boundaries coincided in general with those of the later county of Sussex. For a brief period in the 7th century, the Kingdom of Sussex controlled the Isle of Wight and the territory of the Meonwara in the Meon Valley in east Hampshire. From the late 8th century, Sussex seems to have absorbed the Kingdom of the Haestingas, after the region was conquered by the Mercian king Offa. A large part of its territory was covered by the forest that took its name from the fort of Anderitum at modern Pevensey, and known to the Romano-British as the Forest of Andred and to the Saxons as Andredsleah or Andredsweald, known today as the Weald. This forest, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, was 120 miles (190 km) wide and 30 miles (50 km) deep (although probably closer to 90 miles (140 km) wide). It was the largest remaining area of woodland and heath in the ter...

    The population of Britain as a whole is likely to have declined sharply around the 4th century from around 2–4 million in AD 200 to less than 1 million in AD 300. There would have been a similarly sharp decline in the population of Sussex during this period. At the end of the 4th century there was a decline in the birth rate across Roman Britain; this population decrease would have been exacerbated by the transfer to Continental Europe of three large armies, recruited in Britain in the last 30 years of Roman rule, as well as plague and barbarian attack. Sussex's population around 450 is estimated to have been no more than about 25,000, rising gradually to around 35,000 by 1100.At the time of the Domesday Book in 1086, Sussex had some of the highest population densities in England. Approximate populations of Sussex towns shortly after the end of the Saxon period in 1086 at the time of the Domesday Bookmay have been as follows:

    Foundation story

    The foundation legend of the Kingdom of the South Saxons is given by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, which states that in the year AD 477 Ælle arrived at a place called Cymenshore in three ships with his three sons, Cissa, Cymen and Wlencing. The Chronicle describes how on landing Ælle slew the local defenders and drove the remainder into the Forest of Andred. The Chronicle goes on to describe Ælle's battle with the British in 485 near the bank of Mercredesburne, and his siege of the Saxon Shore f...

    Early period

    Archaeology gives a different settlement picture to that indicated by the South Saxon foundation story. Germanic tribes probably first arrived in Sussex earlier in the 5th century than AD 477. The archaeological evidence that we do have indicates the area of settlement by the location of cemeteries of the period. The origins of the settlers can be derived by comparing the design of grave goods and pottery with the designs of similar items in the German homelands. The principal area of settlem...

    Christianisation and loss of independence

    After 491 the written history of Sussex goes blank until 607, when the annals report that Ceolwulf of Wessex fought against the South Saxons. Threatened by Wessex, the South Saxons sought to secure their independence by alliance with Mercia. To the South Saxons, the more distant influence and control of a king from Mercia is likely to have been preferable to that of the West Saxons. The alliance between Mercia and the South Saxons was further sealed by Æðelwealh, king of Sussex, receiving bap...

    Defence and warfare

    The earliest recorded Viking raid on Sussex took place in 895and it was particularly difficult for a scattered farming community to meet these sudden attacks. In 895 the population of Chichester killed many hundreds of Danes who plundered the area. Eadulf, a Saxon noble, was appointed to organise the defence of Sussex but died from the plague before much could be done. Alfred the Great almost certainly inaugurated the building of a series of burhs or forts to be garrisoned at the threat of da...


    Deposited around c.470 as the kingdom of Sussex was being established, the Patching hoard of coins represents the earliest early mediaeval coins found in Britain. The hoard includes five imported siliquaethat had not been clipped, so coin-clipping had probably ceased by then, although the coinage had probably collapsed decades earlier than this, after Roman rule in Britain collapsed. In the first quarter of the 8th century the Kingdom of Sussex was among the kingdoms producing coinage, possib...


    At the time of the South Saxons it is unlikely that they would have had a capital in Sussex. The archaeologist Martin Biddle said that "the evidence we have for the residences and itineraries of English kings before the Norman conquest is all too thin" and according to Frank Stenton "In the eleventh century the conception of a capital city had not yet taken a definite shape anywhere in the west. The centre of government in England was the kings’ mobile court. The king was free to hold a counci...

    There is significant evidence for Frankishcultural influence on the kingdom of Sussex as well as the neighbouring kingdom of Kent; occasional references in Continental works suggest that Frankish kings may at one point have thought of the people of Sussex and other south eastern kingdoms as their political dependants. According to Gabor Thomas, there are clear cultural differences between how wealth and status were expressed in South Saxon society compared with Anglo Saxon kingdoms to the north. In the kingdom of Sussex and the neighbouring kingdom of Kent the range of ornamented dress accessories metalwork is significantly more austere and limited that in kingdoms to the north. However alternative status symbols were used fully in Sussex by those with higher status. Archaeological evidence shows that luxury food items were consumed in Sussex and exuberant architectural displays were constructed, such as a cellared tower excavated at Bishopstone.

    The shield or emblem of Sussex, sometimes referred to as a coat of arms, consists of six gold martlets on a blue field. It was attributed to the Kingdom of Sussex later in a work called "Saxon Heptarchy" by John Speed that dates from 1611. The depiction shows Ælle of Sussex, the founder and first king of Sussex, holding the shield over his shoulder.

    • Monarchy
    • Sceat
    • Vassal of Wessex (686–726, 827–860), Vassal of Mercia (771–796)
    • Paganism (before 7th century), Christianity, – Pre-Schism (after 7th century)
    • Overview
    • Geography
    • Demographics
    • Government
    • Education
    • Transportation

    Sussex is a borough in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,130, reflecting a decline of 15 from the 2,145 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 56 from the 2,201 counted in the 1990 Census. Sussex was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on October 14, 1891, as Deckertown, from portions of Wantage Township. The borough's original name was for settler Peter Decker. The boroug

    According to the United States Census Bureau, Sussex borough had a total area of 0.62 square miles, including 0.59 square miles of land and 0.03 square miles of water. It is approximately 400 to 450 feet above sea level. The borough is completely surrounded by Wantage Township, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another. The borough is in the watershed of the Wallkill River and its tributary Glen Brook, which near Sussex forms a

    The 2010 United States census counted 2,130 people, 899 households, and 525 families in the borough. The population density was 3,615.9 per square mile. There were 1,005 housing units at an average density of 1,706.1 per square mile. The racial makeup was 91.03% White, 1.92% Blac

    As of the 2000 United States Census there were 2,145 people, 903 households, and 512 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,598 people per square mile. There were 961 housing units at an average density of 1,612/sq mi. The racial makeup of the borough was

    Sussex is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 municipalities statewide, making it the most common form of government in New Jersey. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Borough Council, with all positions electe

    Sussex Borough is located in the 5th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 24th state legislative district. For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Josh Gottheimer. New Jersey is represented in the United Stat

    As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,143 registered voters in Sussex, of which 193 were registered as Democrats, 428 were registered as Republicans and 521 were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party. Among the borough's 2010 Census p

    Students in public school for kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Sussex-Wantage Regional School District, together with students from Wantage Township. As of the 2019–20 school year, the district, comprised of three schools, had an enrollment of 1,049 students and 99.0 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 10.6:1. Schools in the district are Clifton E. Lawrence School in Wantage, with 376 students in grades K - 2, Wantage Elementary School in Wantage, with 340 ...

    As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 9.21 miles of roadways, of which 6.67 miles were maintained by the municipality, 0.87 miles by Sussex County and 1.67 miles by the New Jersey Department of Transportation. Sussex is located at the intersection of Route 23 and Route 284.

    Local bus service is provided by the Skylands Connect bus, which provides service to Hamburg, Sparta, and Newton. Sussex Airport is located 1 mile southwest of Sussex.

    • 449 ft (137 m)
    • Sussex
  3. Sussex Oriental o Sussex del Este (en inglés: East Sussex /ˈi:stʲˈsʌsɪks/) es uno de los cuarenta y siete condados de Inglaterra, Reino Unido, con capital en Lewes. Ubicado en la región Este limita al norte con Kent , al este y sur con el canal de la Mancha , al oeste con Sussex del Oeste y al noroeste con Surrey .

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