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  1. In the history of France, the First Republic (French: Première République), sometimes referred to in historiography as Revolutionary France, and officially the French Republic (French: République française), was founded on 21 September 1792 during the French Revolution. The First Republic lasted until the declaration of the First Empire on 18 May 1804 under Napoléon Bonaparte, although the form of the government changed several times.

  2. La Primera República francesa, oficialmente la República francesa (en francés: République française ), fue el nombre dado a una serie de regímenes parlamentarios y republicanos que se sucedieron entre el 21 de septiembre de 1792 y el 18 de mayo de 1804, durante la Revolución francesa. Empezó oficialmente el día en que los diputados de la Convención ...

  3. The First Republic lasted until the First French Empire in 1804 under Napoleon I. This time is characterized by the fall of the monarchy, the making of the National Convention and the infamous Reign of Terror, the founding of the Directory and the Thermidorian Reaction, and finally, the making of the Consulate and Napoleon’s rise to power.

  4. There have been five republics in the history of France : French First Republic (1792–1804) French Second Republic (1848–1852) French Third Republic (1870–1940) French Fourth Republic (1946–1958) French Fifth Republic (1958–present) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title French Republics.

    • Origin
    • Early Victories
    • Height of The Empire
    • Intrigues and Unrest
    • Fall
    • Nature of Napoleon Bonaparte's Rule
    • Maps
    • See Also
    • Further Reading

    In 1799, Napoleon Bonaparte was confronted by Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès—one of five Directors constituting the executive branch of the French government—who sought his support for a coup d'état to overthrow the Constitution of the Year III. The plot included Bonaparte's brother Lucien, then serving as speaker of the Council of Five Hundred, Roger Duco...

    In the War of the Third Coalition, Napoleon swept away the remnants of the old Holy Roman Empire and created in southern Germany the vassal states of Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg, Hesse-Darmstadt and Saxony, which were reorganized into the Confederation of the Rhine. The Treaty of Pressburg, signed on 26 December 1805, extracted extensive territoria...

    The Treaties of Tilsit ended the war between Russia and France and began an alliance between the two empires that held as much power as the rest of Europe. The two empires secretly agreed to aid each other in disputes. France pledged to aid Russia against the Ottoman Empire, while Russia agreed to join the Continental System against Britain. Napole...

    Undermining forces, however, had already begun to impinge on the faults inherent in Napoleon's achievements. Britain, protected by the English Channel and its navy, was persistently active, and rebellion of both the governing and of the governed broke out everywhere. Napoleon, though he underrated it, soon felt his failure in coping with the Penins...

    Napoleon had hardly succeeded in putting down the revolt in Germany when the emperor of Russia himself headed a European insurrection against Napoleon. To put an end to this, to ensure his own access to the Mediterranean and exclude his chief rival, Napoleon invaded Russia in 1812. Despite his victorious advance, the taking of Smolensk, the victory...

    Napoleon gained support by appealing to some common concerns of the French people. These included dislike of the emigrant nobility who had escaped persecution, fear by some of a restoration of the Ancien Régime, a dislike and suspicion of foreign countries that had tried to reverse the Revolution—and a wish by Jacobins to extend France's revolution...

    French départementsin 1801 during the Consulate
    French départementsin 1812
    Map of the First French Empire in 1812, divided into 130 départements, with the kingdoms of Spain, Portugal, Italy and Naples, and the Confederation of the Rhine and Illyria and Dalmatia
    Europe in 1812, with the French Empire at its peak before the Russian Campaign

    Primary sources

    1. Anderson, F.M. (1904). The constitutions and other select documents illustrative of the history of France, 1789–1901. The H. W. Wilson company.


    1. Bruun, Geoffrey (1938). Europe and the French Imperium, 1799–1814 (PDF). 2. Bryant, Arthur (1942). Years of Endurance 1793–1802. 3. Bryant, Arthur (1944). Years of Victory, 1802–1812. 4. Colton, Joel; Palmer, R.R. (1992). A History of the Modern World. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc. ISBN 0-07-040826-2. 5. Esdaile, Charles (2008). Napoleon's Wars: An International History, 1803–1815. Viking Adult. 6. Fisher, Todd & Fremont-Barnes, Gregory (2004). The Napoleonic Wars: The Rise and Fall of an Em...


    1. Dwyer, Philip (2008). Napoleon: The Path to Power. Yale University Press. 2. Englund, Steven (2010). Napoleon: A Political Life. Scribner. ISBN 978-0674018037. 3. McLynn, Frank (1997). Napoleon: A Biography. New York: Arcade Publishing Inc. ISBN 1-55970-631-7. 4. Johnson, Paul (2002). Napoleon: A life. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-670-03078-1. 5. Markham, Felix (1963). Napoleon. Mentor. 6. McLynn, Frank (1998). Napoleon. United Kingdom: Pimlico. ISBN 978-0-7126-6247-5. 7. Mowat, R.B. (1924)....