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  1. The Bourbon Restoration was the period of French history following the first fall of Napoleon on 3 May 1814 to the July Revolution of 26 July 1830, but interrupted by the Hundred Days War from 20 March 1815 to 8 July 1815, during which the House of Bourbon was returned to the French monarchy.

  2. The Bourbon Restoration was the return of the House of Bourbon to France after the French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte. It began in 1814 after Napoleon was defeated and exiled to Elba island off the coast of Italy. Louis XVIII of France, the younger brother of Louis XVI of France, was named king in 1814 by the Congress of Vienna.

    • Occupation, Purges and Unrest
    • The Parisians
    • The Administration of The City and The Police
    • Monuments and Architecture
    • The City Grows
    • Industry and Commerce
    • Daily Life
    • Transportation
    • Religion
    • The University and Grandes Ecoles

    Following the final defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815, an army of 300,000 soldiers from England, Austria, Russia and Germany occupied Paris, and remained until December 1815. They camped wherever there was open space; the Prussians settled on the Champs-de-Mars, around the Invalides, the Luxembourg Garden, and around the Car...

    According to the official census, the population of Paris grew from 713,966 in 1817, shortly after the Restoration of the monarchy, to 785,866 in 1831, shortly after its end. Most of the new Parisians were immigrants from the nearby French regions, seeking work as the city's economy recovered from the long years of war under Napoleon.At the top of ...

    While the King quickly replaced the symbols of Napoleon's reign, he kept most of Napoleon's city administration; he kept Napoleon's efficient chief of the city government, the prefect of the Seine, Chabrol de Volvic, and also kept Napoleon's president of the General Council of the Seine, Bellart. As under Napoleon, there were no municipal elections...

    The royal government restored the symbols of the old regime, but continued the construction of most of the monuments and urban projects begun by Napoleon. All of the public buildings and churches of the Restoration were built in a relentlessly neoclassical style. The Canal Saint-Martin was finished in 1822, and the building of the Bourse de Paris, ...

    The city expanded, especially to the north and west, funded by the city's energetic new bankers. Beginning in 1822, the bank of Laffitte funded a new neighborhood, the quarter Poissonniere, including a new street, called rue Charles-X until 1830, now rue La Fayette. Another real estate developer named Dosne created the rue Notre-Dame-de-Lorette and...

    During the Restoration, Paris became the cradle of the industrial revolution in France. The textile industry had already been installed in the faubourg Saint-Antoine by the firm of Richard and Lenoir, and by Albert in the Faubourg Saint-Denis. In 1812, Benjamin Delessert had built the first refinery of sugar beets at Passy, which became one of the ...

    The streets and neighborhoods

    While Paris during the Restoration had many beautiful monuments and majestic squares, the neighborhoods of the city between the monuments were dark, crowded and crumbling. An English traveller who visited Paris in 1814, at the very beginning of the Restoration, wrote: "The ordinary buildings of Paris, as every traveller has observed and as all the world knows, are in general mean and uncomfortable. The height and gloomy aspect of the houses; the narrowness of the streets, and the want of pave...

    Bread, meat and wine

    According to the 19th century French historian and academician Maxime du Camp, the "primordial elements" of the Paris diet were bread, meat, and wine. Maintaining a steady bread supply for the Parisians was a major preoccupation of the French government during the Restoration; no one had forgotten the consequences of a bread shortage during the Revolution. Bakers were the most strictly regulated of all Paris businessmen; they had to show the police that they had lived a correct and moral life...

    Street lights

    The street lighting in Paris between 1814 and 1830 was provided by 4,645 oil lamps, called reverbères. They were spaced far apart and provided only a dim illumination. The gas lamp had been patented in 1799 and first installed in a Paris residence on rue Saint-Dominique in 1800, and the first gas lamps were installed in the Passage des Panoramas in January 1817 by a German businessman named Winsor. He received a commission to install gas lights in one of the legislative chambers of the Luxemb...

    The fiacres and the omnibus

    At the beginning of the Restoration, Paris had no public transport system. Wealthy Parisians had their own carriages, kept within the courtyards of the town houses. Wealthy visitors could hire a carriage by the hour or by the day. For those with a more modest income, taxi service was provided by fiacres, small boxlike four-wheeled coaches which could carry up to four passengers, hired at designated stations around the city, where passengers paid by the time of the journey. In 1818, there were...

    Steamboats and canals

    The American inventor Robert Fultonhad tried without success to interest Napoleon in his invention, the steamboat, but the innovation finally arrived in Paris in 1826, with the opening of the first regular steamboat service on the Seine between Paris and Saint-Cloud. The early 19th century was the great age of the canal, both as a source of drinking water and as a means of transportation, and the government of the Restoration actively promoted their construction. The canal de l'Ourcq, decreed...

    With the return of Louis XVIII and his court, the Catholic Church again took a prominent role in the government and city. Government support for the church increased from 12 million livres under Napoleon to 33 million during the Restoration. The government and church together built new churches to replace those demolished during the Revolution and ...

    The University of Parishad been closed during the Revolution, and did not re-open until 1806 under Napoleon as the Université Imperial. By 1808 it had faculties of theology, law, medicine, mathematics and physical sciences, and letters. It was closely supervised by the royalist government; faculty members were named by the government, not by the fa...

  3. Bourbon Restoration may refer to: France - House of Bourbon: Bourbon Restoration in France (1814 until 1830, after French revolution and Napoleonic era; interrupted by Hundred Days in 1815) Kingdom of the Two Sicilies - House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies: Restoration of Bourbons (1815 until 1861, after Napoleonic wars) Spain - Spanish Bourbons:

    • Old Talk Page Post
    • Flag of The Kingdom
    • Neutrality & Factuality
    • Re: Flag of The Bourbon Restoration
    • Coat of Arms of The Bourbon Restoration
    • Flag

    Regarding White Terror: "Although the King and his ministers opposed the violence, they were ineffectual in taking active steps to stop it." If the King was so opposed, why did he not halt the violence? The logical inference is that he tacitly supported the elimination of his political enemies. To wit, means and opportunity (White Terror) are coupl...

    "Flag of the Kingdom of France (1814-1830)" (National Flag / Naval or Merchant Ensign)
    "Royal flag of France during the Bourbon Restoration" (?, same as file Pavillon Louis XIV.png)
    "Pavillon royal de France" – Flag of the Royal family of France (wrong, used before the revolution by the Monarchy -- Scu ba)
    "Flag of Royalist France" – French Royalists (wrong, used by monarchist forces during the revolution, but not by the restored Bourbons -- Scu ba)

    Hi. This article is factually inaccurate and contains a non-neutral point of view. 1. "The ensuing period is called the Restoration, following French usage, and is characterized by a sharp conservative reaction and the re-establishment of the Roman Catholic Church as a power in French politics." (Conservative ??Catholic Power??) 1. "Louis was force...

    despite what User:Louis88 had said about the White Flag being the Only national Flag of the Kingdom of France during the Restoration... the website of Flags of the World (http://www.fotw.net/flags/fr_rest.html) suggests otherwise; and as a rule i suggest we follow the professionals in the FOTW and not the french wikipedia. --Oren neu dag (talk) 22:...

    An IP keeps replacing insisting on replacing the Coat of Arms of the Bourbon Restoration (1815-30) with the Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France. I would think the coat of arms of the bourbon restoration is the correct on to use on this page, but I am no expert on heraldry. So what do others think?---- Work permit (talk) 23:07, 10 August 2019 (UTC)

    Hello, I changed the flag in the info-box to the pure white flag and this was recently reverted so I'm coming here after looking through the history and seeing a lot of back and forth about the matter. I have come to see if some conscious could be reached on the matter. Looking through the history the flag seems to have been added first in this edi...