The Roman Empire ( Latin: Imperium Romanum [ɪmˈpɛri.ũː roːˈmaːnũː]; Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, translit. Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) was the post- Republican period of ancient Rome. As a polity, it included large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia, and was ruled by emperors.
Coordenadas: 42°N 14°E ( mapa) Imperio romano Para otros usos de este término, véase Imperio romano (desambiguación). El Imperio romano ( latín: IMPERIVM ROMANVM, Imperium Rōmānum ; griego: Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων) n. 5 fue el periodo de la civilización romana posterior a la República y caracterizado por una forma de gobierno autocrática.
The Roman Empire was the largest empire of the ancient world. Its capital was Rome, and its empire was based in the Mediterranean area. The Empire started in 27 BC, when Octavian became the Emperor Augustus. It fell in 476 AD. Its fall marked the end of the Ancient World and the beginning of the Middle Ages, or Dark Ages.
Ancient Rome became a territorial empire while still a republic, but was then ruled by Roman emperors beginning with Augustus ( r. 27 BC – AD 14 ), becoming the Roman Empire following the death of the last republican dictator, the first emperor's adoptive father Julius Caesar .
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Rome began as a small farming community in the 8th century BC. The city of Rome was founded, according to legend, on 21 April 753 BC. It became a city and a state and had the Latin name: Roma, which Roman mythology said came from their first king, Romulus. Rome was first a kingdom, but its last king, Tarquinius Superbus, was sent away in a revoluti...
Roman culture spread to Western Europe and the area around the Mediterranean Sea. Its history still has a big influence on the world today. For example, Roman ideas about laws, government, art, literature, and language are important to European culture. The Roman language, Latin, slowly evolved, becoming modern French, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, a...
The most common religion of ancient Rome in its first centuries was Graeco-Roman polytheism. The traditional religion of the city of Rome was polytheist (with many gods). The most important gods were the Capitoline triad: three gods worshipped on the Capitoline Hill. The three were Jupiter (the father and king of the gods), Juno (the queen of the gods), and Minerva (the goddess of wisdom). The goddess Minerva was born without a mother from the body of Jupiter. Roman mythology said that among...
Judaism was common in the ancient Roman world, and there was a Jewish diaspora in many cities, like Rome, from the Hellenistic period. Christianity started in the eastern Roman Empire, in Hellenistic Judaea. In Classical Antiquity, the Roman government did not like Christianity. Sometimes, Roman governors or emperors ordered the persecution of Christians. Under the emperor Diocletian, the persecution of Christians became the strongest. Christianity became an officially supported religion in t...
The Byzantines were threatened by the rise of Islam, whose followers took over the territories of Syria, Armenia and Egypt and soon threatened to take over Constantinople. In the next century, the Arabs also captured southern Italy and Sicily. The Byzantines survived during the 8th century and, beginning in the 9th century, took back parts of the c...
Remains of Roman work and architecture have been found in the furthest corners of the late Empire. 1. Frontiers of the Roman Empire 2. Roman houses 3. Roman roads in BritainThe Roman Law Library Archived 2012-08-31 at the Wayback Machine By Yves Lassard and Alexandr Koptev
Roman Empire, the ancient empire, centred on the city of Rome, that was established in 27 bce following the demise of the Roman Republic and continuing to the final eclipse of the empire of the West in the 5th century ce. A brief treatment of the Roman Empire follows. For full treatment, see ancient Rome. Rise and consolidation of imperial Rome
The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, in the reign of Trajan, 117 CE Demographically, as in other more recent and thus better documented pre-modern societies, papyrus evidence from Roman Egypt  suggests the demographic profile of the Roman Empire had high infant mortality, a low marriage age, and high fertility within marriage.