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  1. Charles Marie Emmanuel Mangin (Sarrebourg, 6 de julio de 1866 – París, 12 de mayo de 1925) fue un general francés durante la I Guerra Mundial.También conocido como El carnicero, [1] fue herido tres veces en África antes de la guerra.

  2. Charles Mangin was born on 6 July 1866 in Sarrebourg. After initially failing to gain entrance to Saint-Cyr, he joined the 77th Infantry Regiment in 1885. He reapplied and was accepted in Saint-Cyr in 1886 attaining the rank of Sub-Lieutenant in 1888. He joined the 1st Marine Infantry Regiment based in Cherbourg.

    • 1889–1925
    • General
    • Early Career
    • First World War
    • Occupation of The Rhineland
    • Decorations
    • His Publications
    • References

    Charles Mangin was born on 6 July 1866 in Sarrebourg. After initially failing to gain entrance to Saint-Cyr, he joined the 77th Infantry Regiment in 1885. He reapplied and was accepted in Saint-Cyr in 1886 attaining the rank of Sub-Lieutenant in 1888. He joined the 1st Marine Infantry Regiment based in Cherbourg. He was sent to Sudan, serving under Jean-Baptiste Marchand, and gained further experience in Mali, French North Africa. During this period he learnt Bambara, the lingua-franca of Mali. He was wounded three times and returned to France in 1892. In 1893 he was made a Knight of the Legion d'honneur. In 1898 Mangin joined Marchand on his expedition to Fashoda. In 1900 he attained the rank of Officer of the Legion d'honneur and married Madeleine Henriette Jagerschmidt. They would go on to have eight children. He was given the command of a battalion in Tonkin from 1901 to 1904. He was then promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel in 1905 and served during the French occupation of Senegal f...

    During the First World War Mangin rose from divisional command to that of the 10th Army for the Second Battle of the Marne, commanding both French and American troops. Nicknamed "the Butcher" for his espousal of la guerre à outrance and his faith in the suitability of North African troopsfor the attack, there was no doubt in the French Army that Mangin was personally fearless. During that war, Mangin had notable victories at Charleroi and then at Verdun, but his reputation suffered following the disastrous Nivelle Offensive, (16 April–9 May 1917). This was due partly to the fact that Mangin was one of the few high-ranking French officials who supported Nivelle's strategy. Mangin's Sixth Army bore the brunt of the main attack during the Second Battle of the Aisne, the main component of Robert Nivelle's costly assault. After the failed operation was abandoned, both Mangin and Nivelle were removed from effective command. However, following Ferdinand Foch's promotion to Allied Supreme C...

    After the Allied victory, Mangin's 10th Army was sent to occupy the Rhineland. There, he became the focus of controversy due to his attempts to foster the establishment of a pro-French Rhenish Republicwith the aim of separating it from Germany and thus denying Germany the West bank of the Rhine. Mangin became a member of the Supreme War Council and inspector general of French colonial troops. He fell seriously ill at his Paris home on 9 March 1925, suffering from incredible pain. He became incoherent and partly paralysed. The following day he was diagnosed as suffering from appendicitis and as having suffered a stroke, though it was rumoured he may have been poisoned. He died two days later, on 12 March. His remains were interred in Les Invalidesin 1932, and a statue erected in his honour in 1928. A bronze statue of Mangin in the Place Denys-Cochin in Paris was destroyed on the 16th of June, 1940 (German troops had entered Paris only two days earlier on the 14th). Mangin had guarded...

    La force noire, Hachette, Paris, 1910 (in this book Mangin advocated the quick and massive use of colonial troops, his so-called "Black Force", in the event of a war in Europe)
    La Mission des troupes noires. Compte-rendu fait devant le comité de l'Afrique française, Comité de l'Afrique française, 1911, 44 p.
    Comment finit la guerre, Plon-Nourrit, Paris, 1920, 330 p.
    Des Hommes et des faits. I. Hoche. Marceau. Napoléon. Gallieni. La Marne. Laon. La Victoire. Le Chef. La Discipline. Le Problème des races. Paul Adam : A la jeunesse. Réponse à M. P. Painlevé, Plon...
    Portions of this article were translated from the French Wikipedia article fr:Charles Mangin.
    Mangin, Louis-Eugène. Le Général Mangin. 1990.
    Evans, M. M. Battles of World War I. Select Editions. 2004. ISBN 1-84193-226-4.
    Heywood, Chester D. "Negro combat troops in the world war". 1928.
  3. Charles Mangin. Charles Emmanuel Marie Mangin (6 July 1866 – 12 May 1925) was a French general during World War I. Read more on Wikipedia. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Charles Mangin has received more than 105,206 page views. His biography is available in 17 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 15 in 2019).

  4. Charles Mangin was a very important French general during the First World War. With his concept “''La Force Noire” ''(“Black Forces”), which he published in a book with the same title, he promoted the acceptance of black soldiers in the French Army.

  5. Charles Mangin, 1866-1925, French General. Charles Mangin was a French general who first made his name in the French colonial empire, before gaining a reputation as an aggressive but costly commander during the First World War. Mangin was born in Sarrebourg, then in France. In 1871 the town was seized by Germany after the Franco-Prussian War.

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