Chicago, the county seat of Cook County (the second-most populous U.S. county ), is the center of the Chicago metropolitan area, one of the largest in the world . On the shore of Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed.
Chicago is a city in the U.S. state of Illinois. It is the third largest city in the United States. As of 2018, the population is 2,705,994. It is the city with the largest population in the Midwestern United States. Chicago is the main city of the Chicago metropolitan area, or Chicagoland. The Chicago metropolitan area has 10 million people.
Chicago, conocida coloquialmente como "Second City" (La Segunda Ciudad) o "Windy City" (La Ciudad del Viento), es la tercera ciudad con mayor número de población en Estados Unidos, tras Nueva York y Los Ángeles, y es la ciudad más grande del país dentro de su porción continental.
- Growth of City
- 20th Century
- Major Disasters
- See Also
- Further Reading
- External Links
Early native settlements
At its first appearance in records by explorers, the Chicago area was inhabited by a number of Algonquian peoples, including the Mascouten and Miami. The name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the Native American word shikaakwa, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum, from the Miami-Illinois language. The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted tha...
First non-native settlements
The first settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, a free black man, who built a farm at the mouth of the Chicago River in 1790. He left Chicago in 1800. In 1968, Point du Sable was honored at Pioneer Courtas the city's founder and featured as a symbol. In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, some Native Americans ceded the area of Chicago to the United States for a military post in the Treaty of Greenville. The US built Fort Dearborn in 1803 on the Chicago River. It was dest...
In 1829, the Illinois legislature appointed commissioners to locate a canal and lay out the surrounding town. The commissioners employed James Thompson to survey and platthe town of Chicago, which at the time had a population of less than 100. Historians regard the August 4, 1830 filing of the plat as the official recognition of a location known as...
Chicago's manufacturing and retail sectors, fostered by the expansion of railroads throughout the upper Midwest and East, grew rapidly and came to dominate the Midwest and greatly influence the nation's economy. The Chicago Union Stock Yards dominated the packing trade. Chicago became the world's largest rail hub, and one of its busiest ports by sh...
Four historical events are commemorated by the four red stars on Chicago's flag: The United States' Fort Dearborn, established at the mouth of the Chicago River in 1803; the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed much of the city; the World Columbian Exposition of 1893, by which Chicago celebrated its recovery from the fire; and the Century of...
The most famous and serious disaster was the Great Chicago Fireof 1871. On December 30, 1903, the "absolutely fireproof", five-week-old Iroquois Theaterwas engulfed by fire. The fire lasted less than thirty minutes; 602 people died as a result of being burned, asphyxiated, or trampled. The S.S. Eastland was a cruise ship based in Chicago and used f...
For many topics the easiest way to start is with Janice L. Reiff, Ann Durkin Keating and James R. Grossman, eds. The Encyclopedia of Chicago (2004), with thorough coverage by scholars in 1120 pages of text, maps and photos. It is online free. 1. Abu-Lughod, Janet L. New York, Chicago, Los Angeles: America's Global Cities(U of Minnesota Press, 1999)...Chicago History and other overlooked elements at Forgotten Chicago
Chicago ye una ciudá del estáu d' Illinois ( Estaos Xuníos ). Ye la cabecera del condáu de Cook y, colos sos 2,7 millones d'habitantes, la mayor ciudá del so estáu y de tol Mediu Oeste. El so área metropolitana, que avecen a llamar Chicagoland, ye, colos cuasi diez millones d'habitantes, la tercera mayor d'Estaos Xuníos  .
Chicago es una banda de pop/rock estadounidense. La agrupación es, junto a Blood, Sweat & Tears, la banda más representativa, 2 y la más exitosa en términos comerciales, 3 de lo que se dieron en llamar Big Bands de Rock.