Origins. The Conservative Party was created in the 1830s by Robert Peel.However, some writers trace its origins to the Tory Party which it soon replaced, the name of which had originated as an insult in the reign of Charles II in the 1670s Exclusion Crisis.
Finally, with only two candidates remaining, Conservative Party members, whose numbers equate to approximately 0.38% of the UK electorate, were to vote to choose the next party leader on a one-member-one-vote basis. Conservative Party members can vote in the leadership election even if they live outside the UK and are not UK citizens;
Welsh Conservative Party; Literatur. Tim Bale: The Conservative Party: From Thatcher to Cameron. Polity, London 2016, ISBN 978-0-74-568744-5. Robert Blake: The Conservative Party from Peel to Major. Faber and Faber, London 1997, ISBN 0-571-28760-3. John Ramsden: An Appetite for Power: A New History of the Conservative Party.