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  1. 1644 ( MDCXLIV) fue un año bisiesto comenzado en viernes, según el calendario gregoriano. Es uno de los ocho años de la era común y del anno Domini que usa todas las letras del sistema de numeración romano una vez cada una.

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › 16441644 - Wikipedia

    1644 ( MDCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1644th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 644th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 17th century, and the 5th year of the 1640s decade.

    • Historia
    • Participantes
    • Cardenales Ausentes
    • Fuentes

    La influencia de Urbano

    El papado de Urbano VIII (el cual incluyó la costosa primera guerra de Castro) había sido económicamente difícil para Roma y para la Iglesia y el conflicto en curso por el control de la Iglesia entre España y Francia así como la guerra de los Treinta Añoshicieron que muchos cardenales llegaran al cónclave buscando un compromiso que trajera estabilidad a la Iglesia. Pero el papado de Urbano había sometido también a la Iglesia a un notorio nepotismo. Él mismo había nombrado a tres miembros fami...

    Cónclave dividido

    Falsamente, Francesco se puso de lado de los cardenales leales a España. Urbano VIII había sido un fuerte francófilo y los cardenales reunidos en el cónclave eran leales a España desde el principio del mismo. Antonio, en la dirección del cardenal Mazarino, se puso de lado de los cardenales leales a Francia y fue apoyado con sumas de dinero de los franceses con las cuales iba a comprar votos indecisos. Así que más que trabajar por el consenso, los dos hermanos dividieron al cónclave. Cuando la...

    Pamphili elegido

    Aunque probablemente no debió, Francesco Barberini contó con una generosa oferta de la delegación española que incluía una promesa de protección a los Barberini (incluyendo al propio Francesco) del rey Felipe IV de España. Antonio y su delegación estuvieron de acuerdo y la mañana siguiente, el 15 de septiembre de 1644, Pamphili fue elegido y seleccionó el nombre de Inocencio X.

    Cardenal decano: Marcello Lante della Rovere.
    Vicedecano: Pier Paolo Crescenzi.
    The Triple Crown: An Account of the Papal Conclavespor Valérie Pirie.
    Ave Papa/Ave Papabile: the Sacchetti family, their art patronage, and political aspirationspor Lilian H. Zirpolo (2005).
    • Overview
    • January and February 1644
    • Newark and Cheriton (March 1644)
    • Plans of campaign for 1644
    • Cropredy Bridge
    • Campaign of Marston Moor

    1643 Braddock Down Leeds 1st Middlewich Hopton Heath Seacroft Moor Camp Hill Lichfield Ripple Field Reading Sourton Down 1st Wardour Castle Stratton Wakefield 1st Worcester Chalgrove Field Adwalton Moor 2nd Bradford Burton Bridge Lansdowne Roundway Down 1st Bristol Gainsborough Gloucester 2nd Hull Aldbourne Chase 1st Newbury Winceby Olney Bridge 1s...

    Hopton had to retire from the area around Arundel, and on 6 January 1644, Waller recaptured the town. Byron's Cheshire army was in no better case. Newcastle's retreat from Hull and the loss of Gainsborough had completely changed the situation in the Midlands. Brereton was joined by the younger Fairfax from Lincolnshire, and the Royalists were sever...

    As in 1643, Rupert was soon on his way to the north to retrieve the fortunes of his side. Moving by the Welsh border, and gathering up garrisons and recruits snowball-wise as he marched, he went first to Cheshire to give a hand to Byron, and then, with the utmost speed, he made for Newark. On 20 March 1644, he bivouacked at Bingham, and on the 21st...

    The original plan of the Parliamentary "Committee of Both Kingdoms", which directed the military and civil policy of the allies after the fashion of a modern cabinet, was to combine Essex's and Manchester's armies in an attack upon the King's army. Aylesbury was appointed as the place of concentration. Waller's troops were to continue to drive back...

    It was now possible for the Roundheads to approach Oxford. Abingdon was no sooner evacuated than on 26 May 1644, Waller's and Essex's armies united there – still, unfortunately for their cause, under separate commanders. Edmund Ludlow joined Waller at Abingdon to place Oxford under siege. From Abingdon, Essex moved direct on Oxford. Waller moved to...

    During these manoeuvres, the northern campaign had been fought to an issue. Rupert's courage and energy were more likely to command success in the "English Civil War" than all the conscientious caution of an Essex or a Brentford. On 16 May 1644, Rupert left Shrewsbury to fight his way through hostile country to Lancashire, where he hoped to re-esta...

  3. 1644 From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Events February to August – Explorer Abel Tasman 's second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia.

  4. 23 November – John Milton 's Areopagitica is published. 19 December – The House of Commons passes the Self-denying Ordinance. 25 December – Christmas falls on a date set aside for fasting by Parliament, whose supporters are enjoined to observe the fast. 1644 Baptist Confession of Faith drawn up in London.