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David Rizzio; Información personal; Nacimiento: c. 1533 o 1540 Turín (Ducado de Saboya): Fallecimiento: 9 de marzo de 1566 jul. Edimburgo (Reino de Escocia): Causa de muerte ...
David Rizzio (/ ˈ r ɪ t s i oʊ /; Italian: ; c. 1533 – 9 March 1566), sometimes written as David Riccio (/ ˈ r ɪ tʃ i oʊ /; Italian: ), was an Italian courtier, born close to Turin, a descendant of an ancient and noble family still living in Piedmont, the Riccio Counts di San Paolo e Solbrito, who rose to become the private secretary of Mary, Queen of Scots.
David Rizzio Davide Rizzio, o Davide Riccio (circa 1533-9 marzo 1566), fue un cortesano italiano, nacido cerca de Turín, descendiente de los condes de Riccio di San Paolo y Solbrito. Fue un político, compositor y luthier italiano, conocido por haber sido secretario privado de María Stuarda, Reina de Escocia y por haber compuesto, según algunos autores, la melodía de Auld Lang Syne.
- A Doomed Marriage
- The Plotting Husband
- The Assassination
- Notes and Sources
At the time that Mary employed Rizzio, she was in love (or perhaps 'in lust') with Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, a man John Guy describes as "a narcissist and a natural conspirator", a man who liked his drink and who was promiscuous.2 It is said that Darnley was even intimate with Rizzio3Mary married Darnley on Sunday 29th July 1565 at her private chapel at Holyrood. The next day, heralds proclaimed Darnley's new title of King of Scotland. Married bliss did not last long. John Guy writes of how Darnley "was cynically exploiting religion for his own political purposes"4 and that although Mary was prepared to govern Scotland with her husband as equals, Darnley "expected her to cede all her power as a reigning Queen to him" and believed that she was "his subordinate"5. This didn't go down well with Mary and by Christmas 1565 the couple were estranged, even though Mary was pregnant with Darnley's baby. A series of rows led to Mary 'demoting' Darnley and changing the legend on coinage to r...
Immediately after their marriage Darnley had started plotting to change Scotland's religion, with David Rizzio acting as one of his confidantes, and "his actions put in jeopardy the religious compromise that Mary had worked so shrewdly over the past four years to establish"7. That, combined with his behaviour in the bedroom, wrecked the marriage. Ambassador Thomas Randolph reported to Robert Dudley: "I know for certain that this Queen repenteth her marriage: that she hateth him and all his kin."8 In early 1566, Darnley began plotting against Mary. Randolph reported that there were "practices in hand to come to the crown against her will"9. Darnley was plotting with his father, Matthew Stuart, 4th Earl of Lennox, and William Maitland, who had turned against Mary when she had marginalized him by appointing David Rizzio as her secretary. Lennox also managed to get James Stuart, Earl of Moray, involved in the plot. The plan was complex: "He was to contact Moray and the exiled Lords in E...
At 8pm on the night of Saturday 9th March 1566, Lord Darnley and a large group of conspirators (around 80 men) made their way through the Palace of Holyroodhouse to the Queen's supper chamber where she was enjoying a meal with Rizzio and some other friends. Darnley entered first, to reassure his heavily pregnant wife, and then Lord Ruthven, in full armour, entered the room informing Mary that Rizzio had offended her honour. Mary asked him to leave, saying that any offence committed by Rizzio would be dealt with by the Lords of Parliament, but she was ignored and Ruthven ordered Darnley to hold her. Mary got up angrily and the terrified Rizzio hid behind her as Mary's friends tried to grab Ruthven, who drew his dagger. Ruthven and another man then proceeded to stab Rizzio who was then hauled out of the room. Mary could not do anything to help him, she had a pistol pointed at her. Rizzio was then stabbed multiple times, with the final blow being delivered by Lord Darnley's dagger, alt...
Based on an original article from The Elizabeth Files blog by Claire Ridgway and an excerpt from On This Day in Tudor Historyalso by Claire Ridgway. 1. Guy, John (2004) My Heart is My Own: The Life of Mary Queen of Scots, Harper Perennial, p204 2. Ibid., p211 3. Ibid., p236; Stedall, Robert (2012) The Challenge to the Crown: Volume I: The Struggle for Influence in the Reign of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1567, Book Guild Publishing, p. 191: "He was admitted to Darnley's 'table, his chamber and his most secret thoughts'. The would even 'lie in one bed together'." 4. Guy, p. 236. 5. Ibid., p237 6. Ibid. 7. Ibid., p242 8. Ibid., p244 9. Ibid., p245 10. Ibid. 11. Ibid., p256
David Rizzio lived from 1533 to 9 March 1566. An Italian musician, he became a private secretary and confidante of Mary Queen of Scots before being murdered at the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh by a group of Protestant lords including the Queen's husband, Lord Darnley.
David Rizzio was an Italian courtier, born close to Turin, a descendant of an ancient and noble family still living in Piedmont. There is evidence that David Rizzio was sexually involved with a man. David Rizzio and Mary, Queen of Scots had known each other for approximately 5 years as they had met in 1561, after Mary's return to Scotland ...
- History's David Rizzio
- 9 March 1565
- 2 min
29/08/2021 · The murder of David Rizzio was the defining event of the reign of Mary Queen of Scots. From it everything followed: the murder of Darnley, the involvement with Bothwell, Mary’s capture at Carberry Hill, her enforced abdication and imprisonment on Loch Leven, her dramatic escape and subsequent defeat in the Battle of Langside, er precipitous…