Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; 21 April 1926 – 8 September 2022) was Queen of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms from 6 February 1952 until her death in 2022. She was queen regnant of 32 sovereign states during her lifetime, and was head of state of 15 realms at the time of her death.
Isabel II del Reino Unido (nacida Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; Londres, Inglaterra, 21 de abril de 1926-Castillo de Balmoral, Escocia, 8 de septiembre de 2022)  fue reina del Reino Unido desde su ascenso al trono en febrero de 1952, hasta su muerte en septiembre de 2022, además de la soberana de otros catorce Estados independientes constituidos en reino que forman parte de la Mancomunidad de Naciones.
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Elizabeth was born in her grandparents' home at 17 Bruton Street, Mayfair, Londonon 21 April 1926. Her father was Prince Albert, Duke of York, who later became George VI. Her mother was Elizabeth, Duchess of York. Elizabeth was the granddaughter of King George Vand Queen Mary. She was named after her mother. Her nickname was "Lilibet". Elizabeth ha...
Princess Elizabeth married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh on 20 November 1947. The wedding was held in Westminster Abbey. The couple lived mostly at Clarence Housein London. The couple had four children. Charles was born on 14 November 1948. Their second child, Anne, was born on 15 August 1950. Their son Andrew was born on 19 February 1960. Their...
In 1951, the King's health was poor. He could not go to many public events. Princess Elizabeth started to make official visits for him. The King died on 6 February 1952. Elizabeth was crowned Queen on 2 June 1953. The ceremony was held in Westminster Abbey. She wore a dress that was decorated with the national flowers of the countries of the Common...
In 1952, Her Majesty the Queen and Prince Philip moved into Buckingham Palacein central London. This is the main official home of the monarch. Her early years as Queen were spent traveling to many places. In 1953, the Queen and Prince Philip began an around the world tour in the Royal Yacht, Britannia. Their tour went for six months. She was the fi...
Faith and duty
Elizabeth II, as the Monarch of the United Kingdom, is the "Supreme Governor" of the Church of England and sworn protector of the Church of Scotland. She is very interested in the Church of England, but the Archbishop of Canterburyruns the church. She rarely attends the yearly meeting of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. The Queen is deeply religious. In her Christmas Day television broadcast in 2000, she said: The Queen regularly goes to church wherever she is: at St. George's...
The Queen has often shown courage, ever since she joined the military at 18. During a trip to Ghana in 1961, she was warned that it was dangerous to be near the President Kwame Nkrumah because people wanted to kill him. But she refused to stay away. The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Harold Macmillan, wrote that the Queen got very impatient with people if they tried to treat her like "a film star". In 1964, when the Queen was invited to Quebec, there were fears for her safety because t...
Throughout her long reign, Queen Elizabeth II has been supported in her duties by her husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Prince Philip promised to help the Queen on the day of her Coronation. The Queen was also helped by her mother Queen Elizabeth, known as "The Queen Mother", who lived to be 101 years old, and stayed very active in her old-age. The Queen is the patron of many organisations and charities. She has many invitations and official duties. Many of the duties have been share...
In 1977, the Queen celebrated her Silver Jubilee. This jubilee marked the 25th anniversary of her coming to the throne. There was a royal procession in the golden State Coach. A service of thanksgiving was held at St. Paul's Cathedral. Millions of people watched on television. There were parties across the UK. Five commemorative stamps were printed in honour of the event. The Jubilee line of the London Undergroundopened in 1979, named after the anniversary.
In 2002, Elizabeth II celebrated Golden Jubilee. This jubilee marked the 50th anniversary of her coming to the throne. She toured the Commonwealth countries. There was a pop concert in the gardens of Buckingham Palace. A service of thanksgiving was held at St. Paul's Cathedral.
Diamond wedding anniversary
The Queen and Prince Philip celebrated their sixtieth (diamond) wedding anniversary on 19 November 2007, with a special service at Westminster Abbey. The night before, Prince Charles gave a private dinner party at Clarence Housefor 20 members of the Royal Family. On the following day, 20 November, the Queen and Prince Philip went on a visit to Malta, where they had stayed from 1949 to 1951 after getting married. A Royal Navyship, which was nearby, got its sailors to line up on deck to form a...
When someone is talking about the Queen, she is called "The Queen" or "Her Majesty". When someone was talking to her, she was called "Your Majesty". After the first time, the person talking to the Queen could say "Ma'am". It is pronounced "Marm". These are the titles that she had: 1. 21 April 1926 – 11 December 1936: Her Royal HighnessPrincess Eliz...Bond, Jennie (2002). Elizabeth: Fifty Glorious Years. Readers Digest. ISBN 978-0-7621-0369-0.Erickson, Carolly (2004). Lilibet: An Intimate Portrait of Elizabeth II. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-28734-4.Pimlott, Ben (2002). The Queen: Elizabeth II and the Monarchy.Waller, Maureen (2007). Sovereign Ladies: Sex, Sacrifice, and Power--The Six Reigning Queens of England. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-33801-5.Elizabeth II: Modern Monarch Archived 2006-06-15 at the Wayback Machine
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Durante un total de 14 meses de preparación, se organizó la ceremonia de coronación: la primera reunión de la Comisión de la Coronación fue en abril de 1952, bajo la presidencia del marido de la reina, Felipe, Duque de Edimburgo. A la vez, se formaron otros comités, como el Comité Mixto de la Coronación y el Comité Ejecutivo de la Coron...
La ceremonia de coronación de Isabel siguió un patrón similar al de las coronaciones de los reyes y reinas previos a ella, celebradas en la Abadía de Westminster, y que implicaban la participación de la nobleza y el clero. Sin embargo, para la nueva reina, varias partes de la ceremonia fueron marcadamente diferentes. La coronación de la reina fue l...
En todos los dominios ingleses, el resto de la Commonwealth, y en otras partes del mundo, se llevaron a cabo celebraciones por la coronación. La medalla conmemorativa de la coronación fue regalada a miles de destinatarios a través de los reinos de Isabel, mientras que en Canadá, Nueva Zelanda, Sudáfrica y el Reino Unido, se emitieron monedas conmem...
1. Feingold, Ruth P. "Every little girl can grow up to be queen: the coronation and The Virgin in the Garden." Literature & History22.2 (2013): 73-90. 2. Örnebring, Henrik. “Revisiting the Coronation: a Critical Perspective on the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953.” Nordicom Review 25, no. 1-2 en línea(2004) 3. Shils, Edward, and Michael Young. "The meaning of the coronation." The Sociological Review1.2 (1953): 63-81. 4. Weight, Richard. Patriots: National Identity in Britain 1940-2000...
Queen Elizabeth II (21 Aprile 1926 – 8 September 2022) wis the Queen an heid o state o the Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Northren Ireland, an 15 ither kintras an thair dependencies. Thae kintras war Antigua an Barbuda , Australie , the Bahamas , Belize , Canadae , Grenada , Jamaica , New Zealand , Papua New Guinea , Saunt Kitts an Nevis , Saunt Lucia , Saunt Vincent an the Grenadines , the Solomon Islands , an Tuvalu .
Isabel II de España (1830-1904), reina de España entre 1833 y 1868. Isabel II del Reino Unido (1926-2022), reina del Reino Unido y de los otros Reinos de la Mancomunidad de Naciones entre 1952 y 2022. Isabela II de Jerusalén (1211-1228), también conocida como Yolanda de Jerusalén, emperatriz del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico y reina de Jerusalén.
La reine Élisabeth II est le monarque britannique ayant atteint l'âge le plus avancé et ayant le plus long règne, devant Victoria . La souveraine a régné plus de 70 ans, et était le plus ancien souverain encore en exercice après la mort du roi de Thaïlande Rama IX le 13 octobre 2016 [ 249 ] .