The Duke of Aquitaine was the ruler of the ancient region of Aquitaine under the supremacy of Frankish, English, and later French kings. As successor states of the Visigothic Kingdom, Aquitania and Languedoc inherited both Visigothic laws and Roman Law, which together allowed women more rights than their contemporaries would enjoy until the 20th century. Particularly under the Liber Judiciorum as codified 642/643 and expanded by the Code of Recceswinth in 653, women could inherit ...
The Duchy of Aquitaine (Occitan: Ducat d'Aquitània, IPA: [dyˈkad dakiˈtaɲɔ]; French: Duché d'Aquitaine, IPA: [dyʃe dakitɛn]) was a historical fiefdom in western, central and southern areas of present-day France to the south of the Loire River, although its extent, as well as its name, fluctuated greatly over the centuries, at times comprising much of what is now southwestern France and central France.
- Dukes of Aquitaine Under Frankish Kings
- Restored Dukes of Aquitaine Under Frankish Kings
- Plantagenet Rulers of Aquitaine
- Valois and Bourbon Dukes of Aquitaine
The Merovingian kings and dukes of Aquitaine had their capital at Toulouse. The Carolingian kings used different capitals situated further north. In 765, Pepin the Short bestowed the captured golden banner of the Aquitainian duke, Waiffre, on the Abbey of Saint Martial in Limoges. Pepin I of Aquitaine was buried in Poitiers. Charles the Child was crowned at Limoges and buried at Bourges. When Aquitaine briefly asserted its independence after the death of Charles the Fat, it was Ranulf II of Poitou who took the royal title. In the late tenth century, Louis the Indolent was crowned at Brioude. The Aquitainian ducal coronation procedure is preserved in a late twelfth-century ordo (formula) from Saint-Étienne in Limoges, based on an earlier Romano-German ordo. In the early thirteenth century a commentary was added to this ordo, which emphasised Limoges as the capital of Aquitaine. The ordo indicated that the duke received a silk mantle, coronet, banner, sword, spurs, and the ring of Sai...
Merovingian kings are in boldface. 1. Chram(555–560) 2. Desiderius(583–587, jointly with Bladast) 3. Bladast(583–587, jointly with Desiderius) 4. Gundoald(584/585) 5. Austrovald(587–589) 6. Sereus(589–592) 7. Charibert II(629–632) 8. Chilperic(632) 9. Boggis(632–660) 10. Felix(660–670) 11. Lupus I(670–676) 12. Odo the Great(688–735), his reign commenced perhaps as late as 692, 700, or 715, unclear parentage 13. Hunald I(735–748), son of Odo the Great, abdicated to a monastery, may have returned later (see below) 14. Waifer(748–767), son of Hunald I 15. Hunald II (767–769), either Hunald I returning, or a different Hunald, fled to Lupo II of Gascony and was handed over to Charlemagne 16. Lupo II (768–781), Duke of Gascony, opposed Charlemagne's rule and Hunald's relatives.
The Carolingian kings again appointed Dukes of Aquitaine, first in 852, and again since 866. Later, this duchy was also called Guyenne.
In 1337, King Philip VI of France reclaimed the fief of Aquitaine from Edward III, King of England. Edward in turn claimed the title of King of France, by right of his descent from his maternal grandfather King Philip. This triggered the Hundred Years' War, in which both the Plantagenets and the House of Valoisclaimed the supremacy over Aquitaine due to the King of France. In 1360, both sides signed the Treaty of Bretigny, in which Edward renounced the French crown but remained sovereign Lord of Aquitaine (rather than merely duke). However, when the treaty was broken in 1369, both these English claims and the war resumed. In 1362, King Edward III, as Lord of Aquitaine, made his eldest son Edward, Prince of Wales, Prince of Aquitaine. 1. Edward, the Black Prince (1362–72), first son of Edward III and Queen Philippa, also Prince of Wales. In 1390, King Richard II, son of Edward the Black Prince appointed his uncle John of GauntDuke of Aquitaine. This grant expired upon the Duke's deat...
The Valois kings of France, claiming supremacy over Aquitaine, granted the title of duke to their heirs, the Dauphins. 1. John II (1345–50), son of Philip VI of France, acceded in 1350 as King of France. 2. Charles, Dauphin of France, Duke of Guyenne (1392?–1401), son of Charles VI of France, Dauphin. 3. Louis (1401–15), son of Charles VI of France, Dauphin. With the end of the Hundred Years' War, Aquitaine returned under direct rule of the king of France and remained in the possession of the king. Only occasionally was the duchy or the title of duke granted to another member of the dynasty. 1. Charles, Duc de Berry (1469–72), son of Charles VII of France. 2. Xavier (1753–54), second son of Louis, Dauphin of France. The Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia, son of Alfonso XIII of Spain, was one of the Legitimist pretenders to the French throne; as such he named his son, Gonzalo, Duke of Aquitaine(1972–2000); Gonzalo had no legitimate children.
- Rank and titles
Gonzalo, Duke of Aquitaine (Gonzalo Víctor Alfonso José Bonifacio Antonio María y Todos los Santos de Borbón y Dampierre, was a grandson of King Alfonso XIII of Spain.
Gonzalo was born in the Saint Anna Clinic in Rome, the younger son of Infante Jaime of Spain and of his first wife, Emmanuelle de Dampierre. He was baptised in the chapel of the hospital where he had been born. In 1941, after the death of Alfonso XIII, Gonzalo moved with his family to Lausanne, Switzerland. They lived first at the Hotel Royal, before Gonzalo and his older brother Alfonso were sent to the Collège Saint-Jean in Fribourg. On 8 December 1946 Gonzalo received his First Communion and
Although noble, Gonzalo's mother was not of royal descent. Gonzalo's father signed a renunciation to the Spanish throne prior to the marriage, and thus Gonzalo and his brother were not in the line of succession to the Spanish throne in accordance with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1776. In Spain Gonzalo was generally addressed as Don Gonzalo de Borbón y Dampierre. Gonzalo was considered a French prince with the style His Royal Highness by those legitimists who believed that his grandfather ...
- Ducal career
- Poetic career
William IX, called the Troubadour, was the Duke of Aquitaine and Gascony and Count of Poitou between 1086 and his death. He was also one of the leaders of the Crusade of 1101. Though his political and military achievements have a certain historical importance, he is best known as the earliest troubadour—a vernacular lyric poet in the Occitan language—whose work survives.
William was the son of William VIII of Aquitaine by his third wife, Hildegarde of Burgundy. His birth was a cause of great celebration at the Aquitanian court, but the Church at first considered him illegitimate because of his father's earlier divorces and his parents' consanguinity. This obliged his father to make a pilgrimage to Rome soon after his birth to seek Papal approval of his third marriage and the young William's legitimacy.
William's greatest legacy to history was not as a warrior but as a troubadour—a lyric poet employing the Romance vernacular language called Provençal or Occitan.
15/12/2014 · Acfred Duke of Aquitaine appointed Eble as his heir, the latter succeeding as Duke of Aquitaine and Comte d'Auvergne in 927 . Raoul King of France transferred Aquitaine to Raymond Comte de Toulouse in 932 . His last known act was a donation to the monks of Saint-Cyprien dated Jan 934 . 1.
William X, (born 1099, Toulouse, Fr.—died April 9, 1137, Santiago de Compostela, Spain), duke of Aquitaine and of Gascony (1127–37), son of William IX. In 1131 he recognized the antipope Anaclet and supported him until 1134. In 1136 he ravaged Normandy.