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  1. The Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg ( German: Herzogtum Braunschweig und Lüneburg ), or more properly the Duchy of Brunswick and Lüneburg, was a historical duchy that existed from the late Middle Ages to the Late Modern era within the Holy Roman Empire, until the year of its dissolution. The duchy was located in what is now northwestern Germany.

    Ruler
    Ruler
    Born
    Reign
    1204
    1235–1252
    9 June 1252
    1236
    1252-1269
    15 August 1279
    1236
    1269–1279
    15 August 1279
    1242
    1252-1269
    13 December 1277
  2. Ernest succeeded as Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg upon the retirement of his brother Otto in 1527. Ernest, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, married Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and he died on 11 January 1547 at the age of 49. Ernest's life coincided with the Protestant Reformation.

    • 11 January 1546 (aged 48)
    • 27 June 1497, Uelzen
    • Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
    • Guelph
    • Life
    • Marriage and Children
    • References

    Albert was the oldest surviving son of the first Brunswick duke Otto the Child and his wife, Matilda of Brandenburg. When his father died in 1252, he took over the rule of the duchy; later his younger brother Johnjoined him. Albert's rule was initially troubled by several armed conflicts as the Welf dukes still had to cope with the followers of the...

    In 1254, Albert married Elizabeth of Brabant (1243 – October 9, 1261), daughter of Duke Henry II of Brabant and Sophie of Thuringia. They had no children. After Elizabeth's death in 1261, Albert married Adelheid (Alessia) (1242 – February 6, 1284/85), daughter of Margrave Boniface II of Montferrat around 1263. Once widowed she married Gerhard I, Co...

    • 1236
    • 1269 – 15 August 1279
    • Overview
    • Life
    • Descendants

    Frederick II, also known as Frederick the Pious was the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg from 1434 to 1457 and from 1471 to 1478.

    After the death of his father Bernard, Frederick ruled the Principality of Lüneburg jointly with his brother Otto. The highlights of their rule were a major expansion of Celle Castle and numerous reforms to improve the legal position of farmers vis-à-vis their landlords. After his brother died in 1446, Frederick ruled the principality on his own. I...

    In 1437 Frederick II married Magdalene, daughter of Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg, and had three children by her:

  3. Born in Wolfenbüttel, Germany, Karl Wilhelm was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1780 until his death and ruled over the Wolfenbüttel subdivision of the duchy. Until Valmy and Jena, Karl was considered a master of the warfare of the period. He was also a cultured and benevolent despot in the model of Frederick the Great.

  4. William (4 July 1535 – 20 August 1592), called William the Younger ( German: Wilhelm der Jüngere ), was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Lüneburg from 1559 until his death. Until 1569 he ruled together with his brother, Henry of Dannenberg . William was the son of Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

  5. Eric II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (10 August 1528 – 17 November 1584) was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruler of the Principality of Calenberg from 1545 to 1584. Since 1495 the Principality of Göttingen was incorporated in Calenberg. He was the son of Eric I and Elisabeth of Brandenburg.