Eduard Julius Ludwig von Lewinski (22 de febrero de 1829-17 de septiembre de 1906) fue un general prusiano. Su hermano pequeño Alfred von Lewinski también fue general prusiano. Von Lewinski nació en Münster en la Provincia de Westfalia. Sirvió en la Segunda Guerra de Schleswig en 1864 como capitán de la 1.ª Compañía de ...
Eduard Julius Ludwig von Lewinski (22 February 1829 – 17 September 1906) was a Prussian general. His younger brother Alfred von Lewinski also became a Prussian general. Von Lewinski was born in Münster in the Province of Westphalia. He served in the 1864 Second Schleswig War as captain of the 1st Guards Fortress Company, and ...
25 de may. de 2023 · Eduard Julius Ludwig von Lewinski (22 de febrero de 1829-17 de septiembre de 1906) fue un general prusiano. Su hermano pequeño Alfred von Lewinski también fue general prusiano. Von Lewinski nació en Münster en la Provincia de Westfalia.
Fritz Erich Georg Eduard von Manstein, nacido Fritz Erich Georg Eduard von Lewinski ( Berlín, 24 de noviembre de 1887- Irschenhausen, 10 de junio de 1973), fue un militar alemán que combatió durante la Primera y la Segunda Guerra Mundial; en este último conflicto alcanzó el grado militar de mariscal de campo ( Generalfeldmarschall ).
- Fritz Erich Georg Eduard von Manstein
- Fritz Erich Georg Eduard von Lewinski
- Early Life
- Early Military Career
- Second World War
- Further Reading
- External Links
Manstein was born Fritz Erich Georg Eduard von Lewinski in Berlin, the tenth son of a Prussian aristocrat and artillery general, Eduard von Lewinski (1829–1906), and Helene von Sperling (1847–1910). His father's family had Kashubian ancestry and was entitled to use the Brochwicz coat of arms (Brochwicz III).Hedwig von Sperling (1852–1925), Helene's...
First World War
During the First World War, Manstein served on both the German Western and Eastern Fronts. At the beginning of the war, he was promoted to lieutenant and participated in the invasion of Belgium with the 2nd Guard Reserve Infantry Regiment. In August 1914, he took part in the capture of Namur, the site of a massive citadel surrounded by outlying forts. In September, Manstein's unit was one of two transferred to East Prussia and attached to the Eighth Army, commanded by Hindenburg. After seeing...
Manstein married Jutta Sibylle von Loesch, the daughter of a Silesian landowner, in 1920. He proposed marriage after having known her for only three days. She died in 1966. They had three children: a daughter, Gisela (born 1921), and two sons, Gero (born 1922) and Rüdiger (born 1929). Gero died on the battlefield in the northern sector of the Eastern Front on 29 October 1942 while serving as a lieutenant in the Wehrmacht. Gisela was married to Major Edel-Heinrich Zachariae-Lingenthal, a highl...
Invasion of Poland
On 18 August 1939, in preparation for Fall Weiss (Case White) – the German invasion of Poland – Manstein was appointed Chief of Staff to Gerd von Rundstedt's Army Group South. Here he worked along with Rundstedt's Chief of Operations, Colonel Günther Blumentritt, to develop the operational plan. Rundstedt accepted Manstein's plan calling for the concentration of the majority of the army group's armoured units into Walter von Reichenau's 10th Army, with the objective of a decisive breakthrough...
The Offensive in the West
Fall Gelb ("Case Yellow"), the initial plan for the invasion of France, was prepared by Commander-in-Chief of the Army Colonel General (Generaloberst) Walther von Brauchitsch, Halder, and other members of the OKH in early October 1939. Like the Schlieffen Plan of World War I, it called for an encirclement attack through the Netherlands and Belgium. Hitler was not satisfied, so revisions of the plan continued throughout October. Manstein was not satisfied with the plan either, as it focused he...
Battle of Britain
Manstein was a proponent of the prospective German invasion of Great Britain, named Operation Seelöwe. He considered the operation risky but necessary. Early studies by various staff officers determined that air superiority was a prerequisite to the planned invasion. His corps was to be shipped across the English Channel from Boulogne to Bexhill as one of four units assigned to the first wave. But as the Luftwaffe failed to overcome the Royal Air Force during the Battle of Britain, Operation...
Manstein was moved to Nuremberg in October 1945. He was held at the Palace of Justice, the location of the Nuremberg trials of major Nazi war criminals and organisations. While there, Manstein helped prepare a 132-page document for the defence of the General Staff and the OKW, on trial at Nuremberg in August 1946. The myth that the Wehrmacht was "clean" – not culpable for the events of the Holocaust – arose partly as a result of this document, written largely by Manstein, along with General o...
Manstein believed that Bolshevism and Jews were inextricably linked, that there was a global conspiracy led by the Jews, and that in order to stop the spread of communism it was necessary to remove the Jews from European society. His order of 20 November 1941, based on the Severity Order of Reichenau,reads in part: Manstein did nothing to prevent the murder of Jews and other civilians in the areas where his units were operating, and in which his Eleventh Army actively participated. That Manst...
Post-war life and memoirs
Along with ten other former senior officers, Manstein was called on in 1955 by the Amt Blank to formulate plans for the re-founding of the German army. On 20 June 1953, he spoke to the Bundestag, giving his analysis of strategic power considerations and the country's defence and spoke about whether the country should have a professional army or a conscripted army. His opinion was that the length of service for Bundeswehrconscripts should be at least 18 months, preferably 24 months. His idea t...Knight's Cross of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollernwith SwordsKnight's Cross, First Class of the Friedrich Orderwith Swords
1. The British records of the Manstein trial are now housed in the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King's College London. 2. Manstein's testimony at Nuremberg is contained in three files at the Yale University Avalon Project: 9 August 1946, 10 August 1946, and 12 August 1946."How Wrong Was Churchill?" by Noel Annan, The New York Review of Books"Erich von Manstein 1887–1973" (in German). LeMO at Deutsches Historisches Museum. Retrieved 13 May 2016.Newspaper clippings about Erich von Manstein in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
- 1906–44, 1949–56
Fritz Erich von Manstein fue el décimo hijo del oficial de artillería general Eduard von Lewinski y Helene von Sperling, de origen aristocrático. Al nacer, fue dado en adopción a su tío, el teniente general Georg von Manstein, que no tenía hijos; Hoy tienes un niño sano, dijeron los Lewinski por telégrafo. Madre e hijo bien. Enhorabuena.