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  1. › wiki › CaithnessCaithness - Wikipedia

    Caithness is one of the Watsonian vice-counties, subdivisions of Britain and Ireland which are used largely for the purposes of biological recording and other scientific data-gathering. The vice-counties were introduced by Hewett Cottrell Watson, who first used them in the third volume of his Cybele Britannica, published in 1852.

    • 618 sq mi (1,601 km²)
    • Scotland
  2. Caithness es un condado, área municipal y zona de gobierno local histórica de Escocia (en escocés: Caitnes, gaélico escocés: Gallaibh, nórdico antiguo: Katanes). El nombre también fue utilizado para designar al condado de Caithness y al distrito electoral de Caithness para el Parlamento del Reino Unido (1708 a 1918).

    • History
    • Historic Descriptions of Wick
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    Pre-Christian Wick

    Iron Age activity in the parish of Wick is evident in the hill fort at Garrywhin. Evidence of activity around Wick from the Norse pagan period was discovered in 1837 when brooches and bracelets from the Norse were uncovered by archaeologists. The name Wick appears to be from a Norse word, vík, meaning bay, cf. also the word viking.

    Conversion to Christianity

    In the eighth century, Saint Fergus, an Irish missionary, lived in Wick or its immediate vicinity during his mission to the people in the area. He is the patron saint of Wick. One of the fairs in Wick, the Fergusmas, is named after this saint. It is believed that the Chapel of St. Tear in Wick Parish near Ackergill was founded in the eighth century by St Drostan, whose ministry was in Aberdeenshire.

    12th and 13th centuries

    Wick belonged to Norway, as did all of Caithness, until the reign of William the Lion(1165–1214), at which time the Norwegian earls held of the king of Scotland. The Castle of Old Wick, commonly known as "The Old Man of Wick" (or "Aul man o' Wick") is thought to have been built in about 1160 by Harald Maddadson, Earl of Caithness and Orkney. Earl Harald, who was half Norse, is thought to have resided there. It was long used by fishermen as an aid to navigation in the North Sea. The Origines P...

    In 1726, a writer described the town of Wick this way: In 1868, Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson stayed in Wick while his uncle, Alan Stevenson, a lighthouse engineer, was overseeing the construction of Noss Head Lighthouse, which opened in 1869. He wrote a letter to his mother describing the town:

    Wick River

    The town lies on the estuary of the Wick River, spanned by two road bridges. The Harbour Bridge spans the river at its mouth, to link Wick town centre with Wick Harbour and Pulteneytown. It stands instead of the earlier Service Bridge. Further upstream the Bridge of Wick carries the main road linking John o' Groats with Latheron and Inverness (the A99-A9).


    Pulteney town is now an area of Wick on the south side of the River Wick. Until 1902 Pulteney town was administered separately from the Royal Burgh of Wick. Pulteney town takes its name from Sir William Pulteney, a governor of the British Fisheries Society, who also commissioned Robert Adam to build the Pulteney Bridge in Bath. In the early years of the 19th century Sir William commissioned Britain's leading civil engineer, Thomas Telford, to design and supervise the creation of a major new h...

    Wick Bay

    Wick Bay is an isosceles triangle with the river mouth as its apex, and the points of South Head and North Head, separated by about one kilometre, as the base of the triangle. Beyond the heads lies the North Sea. Pentland Firthline about 11 kilometres north of North Head. There are three harbours in Wick, the Outer Harbour, the Inner Harbour, and the River Harbour, all of which are formed and protected by breakwaters. The Outer and Inner Harbours are on the south side of the estuary, divided...

    Wick has history as a royal burghdating from 1589. In 1975, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, the local government burgh was merged into the Caithness district of the two-tier Highland region.The lowest tier of governance is filled by the Royal Burgh of Wick Community Council which was also formed at that time. In 1996, under the Loca...

    Caithness Glass

    A specialist glass manufacturer was established in Wick in 1961. Production was progressively moved to Perth between 1979 and 2004. Manufacturing in Wick thus ceased and the physical connection with Caithness was severed. Caithness Glass manufactured the trophy for the BBC Mastermindtelevision quiz programme.

    Old Pulteney Distillery

    The Old Pulteney Distillery is an aging malt whisky production facility in Pulteneytown. The distillery has a visitor centre in Huddart Street, and produces the Old Pulteney Single Malt whisky at a number of ages. Its 21-year-old single malt was named World Whisky of the Year by leading expert Jim Murrayin his 2012 Whisky Bible. Like Pulteneytown the distillery is named after Sir William Pulteney, 5th Baronet. The distillery was established in 1826 when Pulteneytown was quite newly establishe...

    Ignis Wick Ltd

    Ignis Wick Ltd operates the district heating scheme in Wick, and provides heat and hot water via underground insulated pipes to nearly 200 homes from a central boiler house. Formerly known as Caithness Heat and Power Limited (CHaP) it was owned by the Highland Council. Operations are based at the Old Pulteney distillery in Wick. The council initiated the scheme, with origins evident in minutes of 16 December 2002 meeting of the council's Caithness committee. It was planned, originally, as a b...

    Castle of Old Wick

    The Castle of Old Wick (WikiMiniAtlas58°25′24.09″N 3°4′53.91″W / 58.4233583°N 3.0816417°W / 58.4233583; -3.0816417) was built in the 12th century when the Norwegian Earldom of Orkney included Caithness, and was united under Harald Maddadsson.The castle is thought to have been his stronghold on the mainland of Britain. There is evidence that the site was occupied before the present castle was built. All that remains today is a tall tower sitting on the very edge of the cliffs, about half a...

    Heritage Museum

    Wick Heritage Museum is in Bank Row, Pulteneytown. The museum is run by the Wick Society, with a strong focus on the herring-boom era of Wick's history. The herring trade relied on the export of cured herring to the Continent (in particular, Stettin and St Petersburg) and languished after the First World War. The Johnston Collection,which was gathered by the local photographer's business between 1863 and 1975 provides a fascinating insight into the history of the town and the industry. The su...

    Carnegie Library

    The Wick Carnegie Library is now run by the Highland Council. As well as providing a general library service the library preserves valuable books and other documents about Wick and Caithness and their histories. Also it preserves a crocodile (Gavialis gangeticus) presented by Sir Arthur Bignold in 1909. The library building also houses the North Highland Archive and the St. Fergus Gallery exhibitions. The North Highland Archive is part of the Highland Council Archive Service, and holds collec...

    There are two primary schools in Wick, both run by the Highland Council. They are Noss Primary School and Newton Park Primary School. There is one secondary school in Wick, Wick High School. There were previously four primary schools in Wick, these being North Primary, Hillhead Primary (both merged to make Noss Primary), South Primary and Pultneyto...

    Wick Academy F.C. play in the Highland Football League.

    There is surviving black and white, and colour, film footage of Wick and the Highlands in the National Library of Scotland. The 1967 children's film The Hunch, set in Wick,can be watched online for free.

    For twenty years the town was twinned with Klaksvík, Faroe Islands. In August 2015, Wick councillors threatened to break these ties on account of a Faroese long standing practice which involves hunting and eating migrating pilot whales.As of January 2016 the decision has been deferred.

    • 3.48 km² (1.34 sq mi)
    • Scotland
    • Geographische Lage
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    • Einzelnachweise

    Westlich und südlich von Caithness liegt die alte Grafschaft Sutherland. Größte Stadt mit 7933 Einwohnern war im Jahre 2011 Thurso, gefolgt von Wick mit 7155 und Halkirk mit 982 Einwohnern. Von Bedeutung sind die Häfen Scrabster nahe Thurso und John o’ Groats, von denen die Fähren nach Orkneyablegen. In Dunnet Headnahe Thurso liegt der nördlichste ...

    Die Verwaltungsgrafschaft Caithness wurde 1975 aufgelöst und als Distrikt in die schottische Region Highland eingegliedert. Zum Distrikt Caithness gehörten neben dem traditionellen Territorium noch die Gebiete von Tongue und Farr. Mit der Ersetzung der Regionen 1996 durch Council Areas verloren die traditionellen Grafschaften jede offizielle Bedeut...

    Über die Frühgeschichte der Grafschaft ist wenig bekannt. Sicher ist nur, dass sie vom Volk der Pikten bewohnt wurde. Caithness ist vor allem für seine archäologischen Sehenswürdigkeiten, wie die unzähligen Überreste von Brochs, wie etwa den Broch von Ousdale, bekannt. Diese und andere Monumente werden zum Teil vom Yarrows Archaeology Trail, der „R...

    Während im östlichen Teil auch Ackerbau betrieben wird, dominiert auf dem größten Teil Schaf- und Rinderhaltung. Dabei ist Schafzucht sowohl für Nebenerwerbslandwirte (Crofter) wie auch als Haupterwerb von Bedeutung. Im Norden der Grafschaft befindet sich Dounreay, ein Gelände um eine verfallene Burg, auf dem seit den 1950er Jahren nukleare Versuch...

    Barbara E. Crawford: Caithness. In: Phillip Pulsiano (Hrsg.): Medieval Scandinavia. An encyclopedia. New York [u. a.] 1993 (Garland encyclopedias of the Middle Ages 1), ISBN 0-8240-4787-7, S. 63–65.

    Luftbilder aus den County Caithness (Memento vom 3. Januar 2010 im Internet Archive)
    ↑ a b Informationen des Highland Council
  3. La diócesis de Caithness (en latín, Dioecesis Cathanensis) fue una sede episcopal suprimida de la Iglesia católica en Escocia, Reino Unido, que desde la Reforma protestante en el siglo XVI pasó a la Iglesia de Escocia. Su territorio hoy está incluido en la diócesis de Aberdeen . Índice 1 Territorio 2 Historia 3 Cronología de los obispos