Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeast Africa, situated in the Egyptian Nile Valley in the country Egypt. Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3100 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology )  with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes (often identified with Narmer ). 
Egypt is a country in northeast Africa, parts of the country hang on to the Middle East. Its capital city is Cairo . Egypt is famous for its ancient monuments , such as the Pyramids and the Sphinx .