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  1. Princess Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate (German: Prinzessin Elisabeth Charlotte von der Pfalz; known as Liselotte von der Pfalz, 27 May 1652 – 8 December 1722) was a German member of the House of Wittelsbach and, as Madame (Duchesse d'Orléans), the second wife of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (younger brother of Louis XIV of France), and mother of Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, France ...

  2. Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate (19 November 1597 – 26 April 1660) was an Electress consort of Brandenburg as the wife of George William, Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, and the mother of Frederick William of Brandenburg, the "Great Elector".

    • Overview
    • Life
    • Correspondence
    • Contributions to philosophy: Descartes and other prominent figures
    • Contributions to the feminist history of philosophy

    Elisabeth of the Palatinate, also known as Elisabeth of Bohemia, Princess Elisabeth of the Palatinate, or Princess-Abbess of Herford Abbey, was the eldest daughter of Frederick V, Elector Palatine, and Elizabeth Stuart. Elisabeth of the Palatinate was a philosopher best known for her correspondence with René Descartes. She was critical of Descartes' dualistic metaphysics and her work anticipated the metaphysical concerns of later philosophers.

    Elisabeth Simmern van Pallandt was born on December 26, 1618 in Heidelberg. She was the third of thirteen children and eldest daughter of Frederick V, Elector Palatine, and Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of James VI of Scotland and I of England and sister of Charles I. Much of Elisabeth's early life outside of her familial relations is unknown. After a short, unsuccessful reign in Bohemia, Elisabeth's parents were forced into exile in the Netherlands in 1620. Elisabeth stayed with her grandmother Lo

    Throughout her adult years, Elisabeth corresponded with many renowned intellectuals of her time. By 1639, Elisabeth was corresponding with Anna Maria van Schurman, a learned woman, called the Dutch Minerva. In an early letter van Schurman offered Elisabeth guidance on what subjects to study, arguing for the usefulness of history. Elisabeth's correspondence with Descartes began in 1643 and continued until Descartes's death in early 1650. At her request, Descartes became her teacher in philosophy

    Elisabeth met Descartes on one of Descartes' visits to The Hague. Descartes visited The Hague to meet some of the leading intellectual figures in Holland who might support his philosophy. The Hague was often a gathering place to meet other influential, powerful people. As Descartes talked of his ideas, Elisabeth intently listened and became very interested in Descartes' thoughts of the mind and body. After Descartes' visit, it was told to him that Elisabeth had been very interested in his work.

    Elisabeth of Bohemia has been a key subject in the feminist history of philosophy. She has garnered attention as prominent female thinker and for her practical role in the development of 17th century female scholars. Feminist scholars study her correspondences and life to understand the limitations placed on 17th century female thinkers. Some scholars cite Elisabeth as an example of how philosophical conceptions of women as philosophers excluded them from the philosophical canon. For feminist sc

    • Biografía
    • Matrimonio
    • Vida en La Corte
    • Títulos
    • Bibliografía
    • Enlaces Externos

    Primeros años

    Isabel Carlota nació el 27 de mayo de 1652 en el Palacio de Heidelberg, como la segunda hija de Carlos I Luis del Palatinado y Carlota de Hesse-Kassel, Desde su infancia fue conocida por el apelativo cariñoso de Liselotte. De Liselotte se han conservado las miles de cartas que escribía a amigos y parientes, en las que se puede ver uno de los mejores y más minuciosos reportes sobre los sucesos y costumbres durante el reinado de su cuñado, de quien era una cercana amiga. Sus padres tenían un ma...

    Fue entregada como esposa a Felipe de Francia, duque de Orleans, hermano menor del rey Luis XIV, ya viudo de su primera esposa, Enriqueta de Inglaterra, con quien tenía dos hijas. La boda fue celebrada el 21 de noviembre de 1671. Felipe era conocido en la corte francesa como Monsieur, razón por la cual desde entonces Liselotte asume el nombre de Madame. Ambos se llevaron una pésima sorpresa al conocerse; Isabel Carlota estaba muy lejos de los cánones de belleza de la época, mientras que Felipe en su modo afectado y afeminado estalla en un susurro escandalizado al verla: «¿No esperarán que me acueste con eso?»[1]​ Las tendencias homosexuales de Monsieur eran por todos conocidas, nunca escondió a sus amantes masculinos ni sus preferencias, incluso Isabel Carlota reconocía sin pudor en sus cartas, que Felipe se encomendaba a los santos y usaba "rosarios y medallas benditas en las partes apropiadas para poder realizar el necesario acto con ella".[2]​ Liselotte se opuso siempre a la desm...

    Liselotte era la única cuñada del rey de Francia, y por ende era muy normal que la pareja pasara la mayor parte del año en la corte, donde Felipe tenía el rango de hijo de Francia, que los elevaba sobre todos a excepción de la reina, los hijos y los nietos de su hermano. Su carácter expansivo y abierto le granjeó la confianza y amistad de su cuñado, quien la consideraba una de sus más cercanas amigas. Luis XIV se divertía con su sinceridad y comentarios ácidos. Luis reconocía que gran parte de esta confianza se debía a que era tan poco agraciada que era la única mujer en la corte con quien jamás se acostaría, y ambos se reían mucho de esta ocurrencia.[1]​ Algo que hería sobremanera la sensibilidad de la duquesa era que la maîtresse-en-titre(la amante oficial del rey) y sus hijos ostentaban una posición superior a la suya. Liselotte era inexorable en cuanto a la legitimidad de los miembros de la familia y se encargaba de importunar a quien ostentara ese cargo y a todos los hijos ileg...

    27 de mayo de 1652 – 21 de noviembre de 1671 Su Alteza SerenísimaPrincesa Palatine Elisabeth Charlotte, Condessa Palatine de Simmern.
    21 de noviembre de 1671 – 19 de junio de 1701 Su Alteza Real Madame, Duquesa de Orleans.
    19 de junio de 1701 – 8 de diciembre de 1722 Su Alteza Real Madame, Duquesa de Orleans viuda.
    Liselotte von der Pfalz, Briefe / Cartas de la Princesa Palatina, edición, traducción y notas de Luis García Fernández y Arno Gimber, Madrid, Caparrós, 2003.
    Guido Gerosa, El Rey Sol, Milán, Mondadori, 1999. ISBN 88-04-47181-6
    Esta obra contiene una traducción derivada de «Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate» de Wikipedia en inglés, publicada por sus editores bajo la Licencia de documentación libre de GNU y la Licencia...
    • Biography
    • Children
    • Titles and Styles
    • Further Reading

    Elisabeth Charlotte was born at the Heidelberg Castle as the only daughter of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine and Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel. In childhood she was known as Liselotte. She grew up at the court of her aunt and would remain in contact with her aunt all her life. On 16 November 1671, she was married by proxy at Metz. In order to marry she had to convert to Roman Catholicism. Elisabeth Charlotte would be very close to her two stepdaughters Marie Louise and Anne Marie. Her husband was gay but the couple still had three children but one died in infancy. After the birth of their daughter Élisabeth Charlotte, the couple mutually agreed to cease conjugal relations.Philippe turned to his lovers, and Elisabeth Charlotte to her writing. After her husband's death, Elisabeth Charlotte feared that the king would send her to a convent but he insisted she stay at Versailles. Elisabeth Charlotte died at the age of seventy on 8 December 1722 at Saint-Cloud. She was buried at the Royal...

    Philippe d'Orléans (Later "Regent of France" for Louis XV (2 August 1674 – 2 December 1723) married Françoise Marie de Bourbon, Légitimée de France and had children (descendants include Louis Phili...
    Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans (13 September 1676 – 24 December 1744) married Léopold of Lorraine, Duke of Lorraine and had children (descendants include Marie Antoinette.)
    27 May 1652 – 16 November 1671 Princess Palatine Elisabeth Charlotte, Countess Palatine of Simmern.
    16 November 1671 – 9 June 1701 Her Royal HighnessMadame, Duchess of Orléans.
    9 June 1701 – 8 December 1722 Her Royal HighnessMadame, Dowager Duchess of Orléans.
    Life and letters of Charlotte Elisabeth, Princess Palatine and mother of Philippe d'Orléans, régent de France 1652 - 1722, compiled, translated, and gathered from various published and unpublished,...
    A woman's life in the court of the Sun King : letters of Liselotte von der Pfalz, 1652–1722, Elisabeth Charlotte, Duchesse d'Orléans, translated by Elborg Forster, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1...
    • 16 November 1671 – 9 June 1701
    • 10 December 1722, Royal Basilica, Saint Denis, France
  3. Elizabeth Stuart. Religion. Protestant. Charlotte of the Palatinate ( Princess Palatine Charlotte, 19 December 1628 – 14 January 1631), was the fourth daughter of Frederick V, Elector Palatine (of the House of Wittelsbach ), the "Winter King" of Bohemia, by his consort, the English princess Elizabeth Stuart.

  4. 26/07/2019 · Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate was the second wife of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, the only sibling of King Louis XIV of France. She was born on May 27, 1652, at Heidelberg Castle in Heidelberg, then in the Electorate of the Palatinate, now in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

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