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  1. Jorge II fue rey de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda, duque de Brunswick-Luneburgo y uno de los príncipes electores del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico desde 1727 hasta su fallecimiento en 1760. Fue el último monarca británico nacido fuera de Gran Bretaña, puesto que era natural de la Alemania septentrional. Su abuela, Sofía del Palatinado, se colocó segunda en la línea de sucesión al trono británico después de la exclusión de cincuenta católicos que estaban por encima de ella; esto se ...

    • 11 de octubre de 1727
    • Jorge I
  2. 21 de sept. de 2020 · Jorge II ( en inglés, George Augustus, y en alemán, Georg August; Hannover, 30 de octubre jul. / 9 de noviembre de 1683 greg. - Londres, 25 de octubre de 1760) fue rey de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda, duque de Brunswick-Luneburgo y uno de los príncipes electores del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico desde 1727 hasta su fallecimiento en 1760.

  3. Jorge II de Gran Bretaña Rey de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda (1727-1760), y elector de Hannover (1727-1760) Nació el 10 de noviembre de 1683 en el palacio de Herrenhausen en Hannover (hoy en el estado de Baja Sajonia en Alemania). Hijo del rey Jorge I.

  4. Posteriormente, Jorge III firmó el acta de Unión de 1800 y pasó a titularse rey del Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda. Aunque este monarca consiguió que el Congreso de Viena elevara el Electorado de Hannover al rango de Reino , su nieta Victoria no lo pudo conservar debido a la ley sálica imperante.

    • Early Life
    • Prince of Wales
    • Reign
    • Legacy
    • Titles, Styles and Arms
    • Family
    • Notes
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    George was born in the city of Hanover in Germany, followed by his sister, Sophia Dorothea, three years later. Their parents, George Louis, Hereditary Prince of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later King George I of Great Britain), and Sophia Dorothea of Celle, both committed adultery. In 1694 the marriage was dissolved on the pretext that Sophia had abandoned...

    Quarrel with the King

    George and his father sailed for England from The Hague on 16/27 September 1714 and arrived at Greenwich two days later. The following day, they formally entered London in a ceremonial procession. George was given the title of Prince of Wales. Caroline followed her husband to Britain in October with their daughters, while Frederick remained in Hanover to be brought up by private tutors. London was like nothing George had seen before; it was 50 times larger than Hanover,[a] and the crowd was e...

    Political opposition

    Banned from the palace and shunned by his own father, the Prince of Wales was identified for the next several years with opposition to George I's policies, which included measures designed to increase religious freedom in Great Britain and expand Hanover's German territories at the expense of Sweden. His new London residence, Leicester House, became a frequent meeting place for his father's political opponents, including Sir Robert Walpole and Lord Townshend, who had left the government in 17...

    George I died on 11/22 June 1727 during one of his visits to Hanover, and George II succeeded him as king and elector at the age of 43. The new king decided not to travel to Germany for his father's funeral, which far from bringing criticism led to praise from the English who considered it proof of his fondness for England. He suppressed his father...

    George donated the royal library to the British Museum in 1757, four years after the museum's foundation. He had no interest in reading, or in the arts and sciences, and preferred to spend his leisure hours stag-hunting on horseback or playing cards. In 1737, he founded the Georg August University of Göttingen, the first university in the Electorat...

    Titles and styles

    In Britain: 1. From 1706: Duke and Marquess of Cambridge, Earl of Milford Haven, Viscount Northallerton and Baron of Tewkesbury 2. August–September 1714: His Royal Highness George Augustus, Prince of Great Britain, Electoral Prince of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay, etc. 3. 1714–1727: His Royal HighnessThe Prince of Wales, etc. 4. 1727–1760: His MajestyThe King George II's full style was "George the Second, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Def...

    Arms

    When George became Prince of Wales in 1714, he was granted the royal arms with an inescutcheon of gules plain in the Hanoverian quarter differenced overall by a label of three points argent. The crest included the single arched coronet of his rank. As king, he used the royal arms as used by his fatherundifferenced.

    Issue

    Caroline's ten or elevenpregnancies resulted in eight live births. One of their children died in infancy, and seven lived to adulthood.

    ^O.S./N.S. Over the course of George's life, two calendars were used: the Old Style Julian calendar and the New Style Gregorian calendar. Before 1700, the two calendars were 10 days apart. Hanover...

    Sources

    1. Ashley, Mike (1998) The Mammoth Book of British Kings and Queens. London: Robinson. ISBN 1-84119-096-9 2. Best, Nicholas (1995) The Kings and Queens of England. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-83487-8 3. Black, Jeremy (2001) Walpole in Power. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-2523-X 4. Black, Jeremy (2007) George II: Puppet of the Politicians? Exeter: University of Exeter Press. ISBN 978-0-85989-807-2 5. Cannon, John (2004) "George II (1683–1760)", Oxford Di...

    Bultmann, William A. (1966) "Early Hanoverian England (1714–1760): Some Recent Writings" in Elizabeth Chapin Furber, ed. Changing views on British history: essays on historical writing since 1939....
    Dickinson, Harry T.; introduced by A. L. Rowse (1973) Walpole and the Whig Supremacy. London: The English Universities Press. ISBN 0-340-11515-7
    Hervey, John Hervey Baron (1931) Some materials towards memoirs of the reign of King George II. Eyre & Spottiswoode
    Marshall, Dorothy (1962) Eighteenth Century England 1714–1784
    George II at BBCHistory
    Portraits of King George II at the National Portrait Gallery, London
  5. Jorge II contribuyó al enorme progreso de Gran Bretaña, ante todo porque fue lo suficientemente listo como para escuchar a su esposa y tuvo en cuenta los consejos de sus ministros. Mantuvo a Robert Walpole en el cargo de jefe de ministros sólo porque Carolina insistió, y después contó con Henry Pelham y hacia el final de su mandato con William Pitt (el Viejo), a pesar de que en un principio no le agradó.