Hessian can be divided into four main dialects:  North Hessian ( Nordhessisch, around the city of Kassel ), Central Hessian ( Zentralhessisch, including the Marburg and Gießen areas), East Hessian ( Osthessisch, around Fulda ), South Hessian ( Südhessisch, around Darmstadt ). To understand this division, one must consider the history of Hesse ...
El hessiano es un grupo de dialectos del alemán central occidental, hablados en el estado de Hesse. El dialecto más similar al hessiano es el alemán del Palatinado de la subfamilia fráncica renana. No obstante, los dialectos de Hesse poseen características que los diferencian de otros dialectos centro-occidentales.
- Geographical Distribution and Division
- Linguistic Description
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The distribution area of Hessian dialects occupies the state of Hesse except for the extreme north and northeast, part of Rhineland-Palatinate(Westerwald, Rhenish Hesse, Taunus), North Rhine-Westphalia (Wittgensteiner Land) and Bavaria (Bavarian Lower Main). One distinguishes 1. Südhessisch (Frankfurterisch as well as the dialects around Wiesbaden,...
Linguistic boundaries are the isoglosses ich (Hessian) / ik (Low German) as well as machen (Hessian) / maken (Low German) northward to Low Saxon and Westphalian, Pund (Hessian) / Fund (Thuringian) eastward to Thuringian, Pund (Hessian) / Pfund (East Franconian) as well as Appel (Hessian) / Apfel (East Franconian) eastward to East Franconian, was (Hessian) / wat (Ripuarian/Moselle Franconian) westward to Moselle Franconian and fest (Hessian) / fescht (Palatine) to the Rhine Franconian/Palatine...
Hessian is characterized by residual occurrences of particularly ancient words whose root words hardly occur in other dialects or languages, such as idrecken, itarucken for ruminate, densen, dinsen for "to pull at something with all one's might" and ehren (ähren)for ackern/plow. The Hessian vocabulary is documented by three multi-volume dictionaries, the "Südhessisches Wörterbuch" (completed, 6 volumes), the "Hessen-Nassauisches Volkswörterbuch" (in progress), and the "Frankfurter Wörterbuch"...
South of the Main, the preterite (past tense) is absent and replaced by the perfect (present perfect); north of the Main, on the other hand, preterite forms are common. In the south, standard German is "ich kam", i.e., ich bin kumme, whereas in the north, ich kåm. A second important, albeit Gemeindeutsch difference to standard German is the replacement of the genitive by prepositional and dative periphrases. Thus, instead of "Georg's book" it is "des Buch vum Schorsch" or "em Schorsch soi Buc...Magnus Breder Birkenes, Jürg Fleischer: Zentral-, Nord- und Osthessisch. In: Joachim Herrgen, Jürgen Erich Schmidt: Sprache und Raum. Ein internationales Handbuch der Sprachvariation. Band 4: Deuts...Martin Durrell, Winifred V. Davies: Hessian. In: Charles V. J. Russ (Hrsg.): The Dialects of Modern German. A Linguistic Survey. Routledge, London 1990, ISBN 0-415-00308-3, S. 210–240.Hans Friebertshäuser: Das hessische Dialektbuch. Verlag C. H. Beck, München 1987, ISBN 3-406-32317-0.Hans Friebertshäuser: Kleines hessisches Wörterbuch. Verlag C. H. Beck, München 1990, ISBN 3-406-34192-6."Dialects in Hesse (incl. language samples)". Archived from the original on 2005-02-27. Retrieved 2011-12-02.Frankfurterisch. To the Frankfurt city dialect, Website of Carsten Keil
The Central Hessian dialect is a German dialect subgroup of the Hessian branch of Central German.   It has only partly undergone the High German (HG) consonant shift but has had a different vowel development than most other German dialects. Contents 1 Location 2 Phonetics and development from Middle High German 2.1 Vowels 2.2 Consonants
Hessian is a group of German dialects, characterized as a Central German dialect according to its share in the High German sound shift and spoken mainly in Hesse, but also in some areas in Franconia, Rhineland-Palatinate and North Rhine-Westphalia.
Hessian (German: Hessisch) is a West Central German group of dialects of the German language in the central German state of Hesse. The dialect most similar to Hessian is Palatinate German (German: Pfälzisch) of the Rhine Franconian sub-family. However, the Hessian dialects have some features which set them somewhat apart from other West-Central German dialects.
Hessian matrix, in mathematics, is a matrix of second partial derivatives. Hessian affine region detector, a feature detector used in the fields of computer vision and image analysis. Hessian automatic differentiation. Hessian equations, partial differential equations (PDEs) based on the Hessian matrix.