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  1. Étienne Jacques Joseph Alexandre Macdonald, nacido el 17 de noviembre de 1765 en Sedán, muerto el 25 de septiembre de 1840 en su castillo de Courcelles, cerca de Gien ( Loiret ), fue un militar francés, mariscal del Imperio desde 1809 y primer duque de Tarento . Índice 1 Biografía 1.1 Origen 1.2 Revolución francesa 1.3 Consulado e Imperio

  2. Étienne Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre Macdonald, [1] [2] [3] 1st Duke of Taranto (17 November 1765 – 25 September 1840 [4] ), was a Marshal of the Empire and military leader during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. [5] Contents 1 Family background 2 Military life 3 Under Napoleon 4 Under the Bourbons 5 Personal life 6 Scottish legacy

  3. Fact file. Born Sedan (Ardennes), 17/ November, 1765, died in the Château de Courcelles-le-Roi (Beaulieu dur Loire, Loiret), 25 September, 1840. Son of a Scottish Jacobite. Served in the Légion Irlandaise, 1784. Lieutenant in the Régiment de Maillebois (served Holland), 1 April, 1785. Volunteer in the Régiment de Dillon (became the 87e Infanterie, ...

  4. Síntesis biográfica. Étienne Jacques Joseph Alexandre Macdonald, nacido el 17 de noviembre de 1765 en Sedan, en una familia de origen escocés originaria de la isla South Uist, en las Hébridas. Su padre, Neil MacEachen (más tarde MacDonald) of Howbeg, protegió la fuga del príncipe Carlos Eduardo Estuardo hacia Francia, estableciéndose en Sancerre.

    • Soldier of The Revolution
    • Disgrace and Redemption
    • Marshal of The Empire
    • Service to The Bourbons

    The son of a Scottish soldier who had supported Bonnie Prince Charlie's failed attempt to take the English throne, Etienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre was born in France since his father had fled from Scotland after the failed uprising. Due to Macdonald's Scottish heritage, Napoleon was known to joke that he dared not let Macdonald within the sound of...

    Macdonald returned to France and Paris at roughly the same time as General Bonaparte returned from Egypt. Macdonald, who knew Napoleon's wife Josephine, agreed to assist in the coup and took command at Versailles during Napoleon's coup d'état of 18th Brumaire. In recognition of his services, the next year Macdonald was given command of the Army of ...

    During the spring of 1810, Marshal Macdonald was sent to Spain to take command of the Army of Catalonia. While there he won at Ververa, but in 1811 he fell ill and returned to Paris again. In 1812 Macdonald was given command of the X Corps of the Grande Armée for the campaign against Russia. Macdonald's corps missed most of the fighting of 1812 due...

    With the return of the Bourbons to lead France, Macdonald was named a Peer of France and became governor of the 21st military division. Due to his honest and frank statements, the king nicknamed Macdonald, "His Outspokenness".3When Napoleon escaped from Elba to return for the Hundred Days, Macdonald attempted to rally the army to stop Napoleon's ap...

  5. Étienne Jacques Joseph Alexandre Macdonald 1, 5 est né à Sedan, d'une famille écossaise originaire de l'île de South Uist, dans les Hébrides. Son père, Neil MacEachen (plus tard MacDonald) of Howbeg, protégea la fuite du prince Charles Édouard Stuart vers la France. Neil rejoint en 1767 une quinzaine de jacobites exilés à Sancerre depuis 1752.

  6. Étienne Jacques Joseph Alexandre Macdonald (nacido el 17 de noviembre de 1765 en Sedan, muerto el 25 de septiembre de 1840 en su castillo de Courcelles, cerca de Gien ( Loiret) fue un militar francés, mariscal del Imperio desde 1809, y duque de Tarento. Contenido 1 Biografía 1.1 Origen 1.2 Revolución francesa 1.3 El Consulado y el Primer Imperio