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  1. Mariscal MacDonald. Étienne Jacques Joseph Alexandre Macdonald, nacido el 17 de noviembre de 1765 en Sedan, muerto el 25 de septiembre de 1840 en su castillo de Courcelles, cerca de Gien ( Loiret ), fue un militar francés, mariscal del Imperio desde 1809 y primer duque de Tarento .

  2. Étienne Jacques Joseph Alexandre Macdonald (17 de noviembre de 1765-25 de septiembre de 1840) fue un general francés, Mariscal del Imperio y Duque de Tarento. ...

    • Soldier of The Revolution
    • Disgrace and Redemption
    • Marshal of The Empire
    • Service to The Bourbons

    The son of a Scottish soldier who had supported Bonnie Prince Charlie's failed attempt to take the English throne, Etienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre was born in France since his father had fled from Scotland after the failed uprising. Due to Macdonald's Scottish heritage, Napoleon was known to joke that he dared not let Macdonald within the sound of bagpipes, lest he defect and join the British.1 Macdonald's parents intended for him to become a priest, but he had other ideas and decided to become a soldier. He initially served briefly in the Irish Legion and then in the service of Holland, but in 1786 Macdonald joined the Dillonregiment. The following year he was promoted to sous-lieutenant, and then before long the Revolution arrived and his career took off. Macdonald married in 1791 and that year he also received a promotion to lieutenant. In 1792 he became an aide-de-camp to General Beurnonville and then received another promotion, this time to capitaine. That August Macdonald bec...

    Macdonald returned to France and Paris at roughly the same time as General Bonaparte returned from Egypt. Macdonald, who knew Napoleon's wife Josephine, agreed to assist in the coup and took command at Versailles during Napoleon's coup d'état of 18th Brumaire. In recognition of his services, the next year Macdonald was given command of the Army of Grisons. Macdonald led the men across the Splugen Pass in December of 1800 and afterwards seized Trente before the terms of peace were finalized between France and Austria. General Macdonald was next selected to be the ambassador to Denmark, but he disliked diplomacy and requested to be recalled, finally returning to France in early 1802. That year he also remarried, this time to the widow of General Joubert. When in 1804 General Moreauwas implicated in yet another assassination attempt on Napoleon, Macdonald came to Moreau's defense. Moreau was exiled after a trial, and while nothing was proven against Macdonald he was disgraced enough to...

    During the spring of 1810, Marshal Macdonald was sent to Spain to take command of the Army of Catalonia. While there he won at Ververa, but in 1811 he fell ill and returned to Paris again. In 1812 Macdonald was given command of the X Corps of the Grande Armée for the campaign against Russia. Macdonald's corps missed most of the fighting of 1812 due to being ordered to hold the left flank, but also due to his command being primarily composed of Prussian and German soldiers, with only his headquarters staff being French. Macdonald's corps laid siege to Riga in August, but they lifted the siege in December during the retreat, just in time for the majority of his force to defect away from the French side due to Prussian nationalism. Napoleon needed experienced commanders for the campaigns of 1813, and in April of that year Macdonald was given command of the XI Corps. He won at Mersebourg and then commanded the right at the Battle of Lutzen. Macdonald continued to lead his men into actio...

    With the return of the Bourbons to lead France, Macdonald was named a Peer of France and became governor of the 21st military division. Due to his honest and frank statements, the king nicknamed Macdonald, "His Outspokenness".3When Napoleon escaped from Elba to return for the Hundred Days, Macdonald attempted to rally the army to stop Napoleon's approach. Realizing the futility of convincing the army to resist Napoleon, he then returned to Paris and escorted the king to the French border. Returning to Paris once again, Macdonald refused Napoleon's summons but agreed to serve in the National Guard. After Napoleon's second abdication, Macdonald took command of the Army of the Loire from Marshal Davout. In the meantime he also helped some of the officers who were proscribed by the vengeful Bourbons to escape from France. In 1821 Macdonald married again. Notes 1. David G. Chandler, ed., Napoleon's Marshals, (New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1987), 238. 2. John R. Elting, Swords Around a...

  3. Fact file Born Sedan (Ardennes), 17/ November, 1765, died in the Château de Courcelles-le-Roi (Beaulieu dur Loire, Loiret), 25 September, 1840.Son of a Scottish Jacobite Served in the Légion Irlandaise, 1784 Lieutenant in the Régiment de Maillebois (served Holland), 1 April, 1785 Volunteer in the Régiment de Dillon (became the 87e Infanterie, 1791), 12 July, …

  4. The following 26 files are in this category, out of 26 total. Etienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald.jpg 239 × 279; 10 KB Blason Étienne Jacques Joseph Macdonald (1765-1840) (Restauration).svg 600 × 660; 489 KB

  5. Etienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald, Duc de Tarente, Marshal (1809) In 1809, the charge of the "MacDonald column" resulted in the victory at Wagram. MacDonald was the only marshal who received his baton and titles on the battlefield. This descendant of a 17th century exiled Scottish family enlisted in the Dillon Irish infantry regiment ...

  6. 06/12/2016 · Genealogy profile for Étienne Jacques Joseph Alexandre MacDonald, I. duc de Tarente Étienne Jacques Joseph Alexandre MacDonald (1765 - 1840) - Genealogy Genealogy for Étienne Jacques Joseph Alexandre MacDonald (1765 - 1840) family tree on Geni, with over 230 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives.

    • November 13, 1765
    • George J. Homs
    • Sedan, Ardennes, Champagne-Ardenne, France
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