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  1. › wiki › Paul_BergPaul Berg - Wikipedia

    Paul Berg (born June 30, 1926) is an American biochemist and professor emeritus at Stanford University. He was the recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1980, along with Walter Gilbert and Frederick Sanger .

  2. German scientists who were Jews realized that the Nazis posed a deadly threat, and they began to emigrate, mostly to the United States. The emigres over the 1930s included Einstein, Theodore von Karman, John von Neumann, Eugene Wigner, Leo Szilard, Hans Bethe, Edward Teller, Lise Meitner, Enrico Fermi, and many others.

  3. › wiki › Fock_stateFock state - Wikipedia

    The particle representation was first treated in detail by Paul Dirac for bosons and by Pascual Jordan and Eugene Wigner for fermions. [1] : 35 The Fock states of bosons and fermions obey useful relations with respect to the Fock space creation and annihilation operators .

  4. Wigner was unavailable, so this time Szilard co-opted another Hungarian physicist, Edward Teller, to do the driving. After receiving the draft, Einstein dictated the letter first in German. On returning to Columbia University, Szilard dictated the letter in English to a young departmental stenographer , Janet Coatesworth.

  5. › wiki › Paul_TibbetsPaul Tibbets - Wikipedia

    Paul Warfield Tibbets Jr. (23 February 1915 – 1 November 2007) was a brigadier general in the United States Air Force. He is best known as the aircraft captain who flew the B-29 Superfortress known as the Enola Gay (named after his mother) when it dropped a Little Boy , the first of two atomic bombs used in warfare, on the Japanese city of Hiroshima .

  6. 1963 - Eugene Wigner; 1965 - Richard Feynman Julian Schwinger; 1967 - Hans Bethe; 1969 - Murray Gell-Mann; 1971 - Dennis Gabor; 1972 - Leon Cooper; 1973 - Brian David Josephson; 1975 - Benjamin Mottleson; 1976 - Burton Richter; 1978 - Arno Penzias Pyotr Kapitsa; 1979 - Stephen Weinberg Sheldon Glashow; 1981 - Arthur Schawlow *

  7. atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, during World War II, American bombing raids on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima (August 6, 1945) and Nagasaki (August 9, 1945) that marked the first use of atomic weapons in war. Tens of thousands were killed in the initial explosions and many more would later succumb to radiation poisoning. On August 10, one day after the bombing of Nagasaki, the ...