Frederick became the head of the House of Zähringen on 28 September 1907, after the death of his father Frederick I, who was the sovereign Grand Duke of Baden reigning from 1856 to 1907. He abdicated on 22 November 1918, amidst the tumults of the German Revolution of 1918–19 which resulted in the abolition of the Grand Duchy .
Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden (1826–1907), Grand Duke of Baden; Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden (1857–1928), Grand Duke of Baden; Bohemia. Frederick, Duke of Bohemia (died 1189), Duke of Olomouc and Bohemia; Britain. Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707–1751), eldest son of King George II of Great Britain; Brandenburg/Prussia