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  1. George XII, sometimes known as George XIII, of the House of Bagrationi, was the second and last King of the Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti from 1798 until his death in 1800. His brief reign in the closing years of the 18th century was marked by significant political instability, which implied the near certainty of a civil strife and a Persian invasion. Weakened by poor health and overwhelmed by problems in his realm, George renewed a request of protection from Tsar Paul I of Russia. After his dea

  2. Jorge XII, también conocido como Jorge XIII, de la casa de Bagrationi, fue el último rey de Georgia desde 1798 hasta su muerte, en el año 1800. Su breve reinado en los años finales del siglo XVIII estuvo marcado por una importante inestabilidad política, lo que llevó a una guerra civil y a una invasión persa. Preocupado por los problemas en su reino, Jorge renovó su vasallaje de protección con el Zar Pablo I de Rusia. Después de su muerte, el Reino de Georgia fue abolido y ...

  3. George XII of Georgia George XII (Georgian: გიორგი XII, Giorgi XII), sometimes known as George XIII (November 10, 1746 – December 28, 1800), of the House of Bagrationi, was the second and last King of the Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti (eastern Georgia) from 1798 until his death in 1800.

    • Early Life and Accession to The Throne
    • Troubles in Georgia
    • Alliance with Russia
    • Marriages and Children
    • References

    George was born to Heraclius II (Erekle), then the king of Kakheti, and later also of Kartli, and his second wife Anna Abashidze. George was recognized in about 1766 by his father as Crown Prince Batonishvili, and appointed the lord of Pambak and Lori (now in Armenia). In 1770, he took part in Heraclius’ militarily successful, but ultimately fruitl...

    To make things even worse, Fath Ali Shah of Persia demanded that George XII send his oldest son to Tehranas a hostage and commanded to submit his country to the Persian vassalage. Immediately after George’s ascension to the throne, the shah wrote to the Georgian monarch: “Our lofty standard will proceed to your lands and, just as occurred in the ti...

    In order to secure the succession to his son, and prevent the kingdom from being dragged into a civil war, George had already sent, in September 1799, an embassy to St Petersburg with instructions to negotiate a new treaty with Tsar Paul I of Russia. This time, the imperial government showed more interest towards Georgia as Napoleon’s Egyptian camp...

    George was married twice: Firstly in 1766 to Princess Ketevan Andronikashvili(1754 – 23 April 1782), allegedly from a cadet branch of the Komnenoi family. They had 12 children: 1. David(1 July 1767 – 25 May 1819). 2. Ioan(16 May 1768 – 15 February 1839). 3. Varvara (1769 – 1801), married Prince Svimon Andronikashvili 4. Sophio (1770 – 28 September ...

    Lang, D. M., The Last Years of the Georgian Monarchy, 1658-1832.New York, 1957, 253-270, 283-284.
    Lang, David Marshall, A Modern History of Georgia. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1962.
    Rhinelander, L. H. The Incorporation of the Caucasus into the Russian Empire. The Case of Georgia 1801-1854.New York, 1972.
    Fisher, William Bayne, The Cambridge History of Iran. Cambridge University Press, 1991.
  4. George XII (Georgian: გიორგი XII, Giorgi XII), sometimes known as George XIII (November 10, 1746 – December 28, 1800), of the House of Bagrationi, was the last king of Georgia (Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti) from 1798 until his death in 1800.

  5. 15/05/2022 · George XII of Georgia George XII ( Georgian: გიორგი XII, Giorgi XII ), sometimes known as George XIII (November 10, 1746 – December 28, 1800), of the House of Bagrationi, was the second and last King of the Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti (eastern Georgia) from 1798 until his death in 1800.