Gilbert de Clare, primer conde de Pembroke (1100 – 6 de enero de 1147/8), hijo de Gilbert Fitz Richard, Señor de Clare y de Alicia Claremont. 1 Algunas veces se le conoce como Strongbow, pero es a su hijo a quien mejor se recuerda por ese apodo . Índice 1 Historia 2 Familia 3 Bibliografía 4 Referencias Historia [ editar]
Gilbert de Clare, VI conde de Hertford, VII conde de Gloucester, III señor de Glamorgan, IX señor de Clare fue un poderoso noble inglés. También conocido como Gilbert de Clare “El Rojo” o "El Conde Rojo", probablemente por el color de su pelo o su ferocidad en la batalla. Poseyó el señorío de Glamorgan, uno de los más poderosos y pudientes de las marcas señoriales de Gales, contando además con unas doscientas mansiones inglesas.
- Massacre of the Jews at Canterbury
- The Battle of Lewes
- Activities as a Marcher Lord
Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 7th Earl of Gloucester was a powerful English noble. He was also known as "Red" Gilbert de Clare or "The Red Earl", probably because of his hair colour or fiery temper in battle. He held the Lordship of Glamorgan which was one of the most powerful and wealthy of the Welsh Marcher Lordships as well as over 200...
Gilbert de Clare was born at Christchurch, Hampshire, the son of Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, and of Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln, daughter of John de Lacy and Margaret de Quincy. Gilbert inherited his father's estates in 1262. He took on the titles, including Lord of Glamorgan, from 1263. Being underage at his father's d...
During the Second Barons' War in April 1264, Gilbert de Clare led the massacre of the Jews at Canterbury, as Simon de Montfort's supporters had done elsewhere. Gilbert de Clare's castles of Kingston and Tonbridge were taken by the King, Henry III. However, the King allowed Clare's Countess Alice de Lusignan, who was in the latter, to go free becaus...
Two days later, just before the Battle of Lewes, on 14 May, Simon de Montfort knighted the Earl and his brother Thomas. The Earl commanded the central division of the Baronial army, which formed up on the Downs west of Lewes. When Prince Edward had left the field in pursuit of Montfort's routed left wing, the King and Earl of Cornwall were thrown b...
On 20 October 1264, Gilbert and his associates were excommunicated by Pope Clement IV, and his lands were placed under an interdict. In the following month, by which time they had obtained possession of Gloucester and Bristol, the Earl was proclaimed to be a rebel. However at this point he changed sides as he fell out with Montfort and the Earl, to...
In October 1265, as a reward for supporting Prince Edward, Gilbert was given the castle and title of Abergavenny and the honour and castle of Brecknock. At Michaelmas his disputes with Llewelyn the Last were submitted to arbitration, but without a final settlement. Meanwhile, he was building Caerphilly Castle into a fortress. On 6 October 1265 he r...
Gilbert era el primogénito de Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare y Adeliza. 1 Su madre Adeliza era la hija de Ranulf le Meschin, conde de Chester y la condesa Lucy, y hermana de Ranulf de Gernon, IV conde de Chester. 1 Gilbert, que nació antes de 1115, heredó de su padre el honor de Clare incluyendo Tonbridge Castle el 15 de abril de 1136. 1
In 1215 Gilbert and his father were two of the barons made Magna Carta sureties and championed Louis "le Dauphin" of France in the First Barons' War, fighting at Lincoln under the baronial banner. He was taken prisoner in 1217 by William Marshal, whose daughter Isabel he later married on 9 October, her 17th birthday. In 1223 he accompanied his brot...
Gilbert de Clare had six children by his wife Isabel Marshal, great-grandmother of King Robert the Bruce: 1. Agnes de Clare (b. 1218) 2. Amice de Clare (1220–1287), who married Baldwin de Redvers, 6th Earl of Devon 3. Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester(1222–1262) 4. Isabel de Clare (1226–1264), who married Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandal...Gilbert's de Clare's coat of armsArms used by Gilbert de Clare, as heir to the earldom of Hertford, and at the sealing of Magna Carta
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 54–30, 63–28, 63–29
He started out without land and wealth of his own but was closely related to very powerful men, specifically his uncles Walter de Clare and Roger de Clare. In 1136, Gilbert fitz Gilbert led an expedition against Exmes and burned parts of the town, including the church of Notre Dame, but was interrupted by the forces of William III, Count of Ponthieu, and escaped the resulting melee only after suffering heavy losses.
Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare (muerto 15 de abril de 1136) III señor de Clare, era un noble anglo-normando. Un Lord de Marca en Gales, fue también el fundador de Priorato de Tonbridge en Kent. Índice 1 Vida 2 Consecuencias 3 Familia 4 Referencias 5 Fuentes Vida [ editar]