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  1. Gilbert de Clare, primer conde de Pembroke (1100 – 6 de enero de 1147/8), hijo de Gilbert Fitz Richard, Señor de Clare y de Alicia Claremont. 1 Algunas veces se le conoce como Strongbow, pero es a su hijo a quien mejor se recuerda por ese apodo . Índice 1 Historia 2 Familia 3 Bibliografía 4 Referencias Historia [ editar]

  2. Gilbert de Clare, VI conde de Hertford, VII conde de Gloucester, III señor de Glamorgan, IX señor de Clare fue un poderoso noble inglés. También conocido como Gilbert de Clare “El Rojo” o "El Conde Rojo", probablemente por el color de su pelo o su ferocidad en la batalla. Poseyó el señorío de Glamorgan, uno de los más poderosos y pudientes de las marcas señoriales de Gales, contando además con unas doscientas mansiones inglesas.

    • Lineage
    • Massacre of The Jews at Canterbury
    • The Battle of Lewes
    • Excommunication
    • Activities as A Marcher Lord
    • The Welsh War in 1282
    • Private Marcher War
    • Marriage and Succession
    • Death and Burial

    Gilbert de Clare was born at Christchurch, Hampshire, the son of Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, and of Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln, daughter of John de Lacy and Margaret de Quincy. Gilbert inherited his father's estates in 1262. He took on the titles, including Lord of Glamorgan, from 1263. Being underage at his father's d...

    During the Second Barons' War in April 1264, Gilbert de Clare led the massacre of the Jews at Canterbury, as Simon de Montfort's supporters had done elsewhere. Gilbert de Clare's castles of Kingston and Tonbridge were taken by the King, Henry III. However, the King allowed Clare's Countess Alice de Lusignan, who was in the latter, to go free becaus...

    Two days later, just before the Battle of Lewes, on 14 May, Simon de Montfort knighted the Earl and his brother Thomas. The Earl commanded the central division of the Baronial army, which formed up on the Downs west of Lewes. When Prince Edward had left the field in pursuit of Montfort's routed left-wing, the King and Earl of Cornwall were thrown b...

    On 20 October 1264, Gilbert and his associates were excommunicated by Pope Clement IV, and his lands placed under an interdict. In the following month, by which time they had obtained possession of Gloucester and Bristol, the Earl was proclaimed to be a rebel. However at this point he changed sides as he fell out with Montfort and the Earl, to prev...

    In October 1265, as a reward for supporting Prince Edward, Gilbert was given the castle and title of Abergavenny and honour and castle of Brecknock. At Michaelmas his disputes with Llewelyn the Last were submitted to arbitration, but without a final settlement. Meanwhile, he was building Caerphilly Castle into a fortress.On 6 October 1265 he receiv...

    During Edward's invasion of Wales in 1282, Clare insisted on leading an attack into southern Wales. King Edward made Clare the commander of the southern army invading Wales. However, Clare's army faced disaster after being heavily defeated at the Battle of Llandeilo Fawr. Following this defeat, Clare was relieved of his position as the southern com...

    In the next year, 1291, he quarrelled with the Earl of Hereford, Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford, grandson of his onetime guardian, about the Lordship of Brecknock, where Bohun accused Clare of building a castle on his land culminated in a private war between them. Although it was a given right for Marcher Lords to wage private war the King...

    Gilbert' married (1st) Alice de Lusignan, also known as Alice de Valence, daughter of Hugh XI of Lusignan and of the family that succeeded the Marshal family to the title of the Earl of Pembroke in the person of William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke. They married in 1253 when Gilbert was ten years old. She was of high birth, being a niece of Kin...

    He died at Monmouth Castle on 7 December 1295, and was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, on the left side of his grandfather Gilbert de Clare. His extensive lands were enjoyed by his surviving wife Joan of Acreuntil her death in 1307.

    • Life
    • Issue
    • Arms
    • References

    In 1215, Gilbert and his father were two of the barons made Magna Carta sureties and championed Louis "le Dauphin" of France in the First Barons' War, fighting at Lincoln under the baronial banner. He was taken prisoner in 1217 by William Marshal, whose daughter Isabelhe later married on 9 October, her 17th birthday. In 1223, he accompanied his bro...

    Gilbert de Clare had six children by his wife Isabel Marshal, great-grandmother of King Robert the Bruce: 1. Agnes de Clare (b. 1218) 2. Amice de Clare (1220–1287), who married Baldwin de Redvers, 6th Earl of Devon 3. Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester(1222–1262) 4. Isabel de Clare (1226–1264), who married Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandal...

    Gilbert's de Clare's coat of arms
    Arms used by Gilbert de Clare, as heir to the earldom of Hertford, and at the sealing of Magna Carta

    Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 54–30, 63–28, 63–29

    • Amice Fitz William, suo jure Countess of Gloucester
    • Isabel Marshal
    • Vida
    • Consecuencias
    • Familia
    • Fuentes

    Richard era el hijo mayor de Gilbert Fitz Richard de Clare y Adeliza de Claremont.[1]​ A la muerte de su padre, heredó sus tierras en Inglaterra y Gales. Se dice generalmente que fue creado conde de Hertford bien por Enrique I o por Esteban, pero ninguna referencia contemporánea, incluyendo el registro de su muerte, utiliza ese título. Por ello no ...

    Las noticias de la muerte de Richard indujeron a Owain Gwynedd, hijo de Gruffudd ap Cynan, rey de Gwynedd a invadir su señorío. En alianza con Gruffydd ap Rhys de Deheubarth, obtuvo una victoria aplastante sobre los Normandos en la Batalla de Crug Mawr, justo a las afueras de Cárdigan. La ciudad de Cárdigan fue tomada y quemada, y la viuda de Richa...

    Richard se casó con Alice, hermana de Ranulf de Gernon, IV conde de Chester, con la que tuvo: 1. Gilbert FitzRichard de Clare, d. 1153 (sin descendencia), I conde de Hertford.[8]​ 2. Roger de Clare, II conde de Hertford. 3. Alice de Clare (Adelize de Tonbridge), m. (1) aproximadamente 1133, Sir William de Percy, Lord de Topcliffe, hijo de Alan de P...

    Round, John Horacio (1887). Round, John Horace (1887). «Clare, Richard de (d.1136?)». En Leslie Stephen, ed. Dictionary of National Biography (en inglés) 10. Londres: Smith, Elder & Co. OCLC 276397...

  3. He started out without land and wealth of his own but was closely related to very powerful men, specifically his uncles Walter de Clare and Roger de Clare. In 1136, Gilbert fitz Gilbert led an expedition against Exmes and burned parts of the town, including the church of Notre Dame, but was interrupted by the forces of William III, Count of Ponthieu, and escaped the resulting melee only after suffering heavy losses.

  4. 26 de abr. de 2022 · Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Pembroke was born circa 1100. He was the son of Gilbert fitz Richard and Adeliza de Clermont.1 He married Isabella of Meulan, daughter of Robert de Meulan, 1st Earl of Leicester and Elizabeth de Vermandois. He died in 1148. Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Pembroke also went by the nick-name of Gilbert 'Strongbow'.