A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare, and is also used to establish rule in a region during peacetime. The term is derived from Latin fortis ("strong") and facere ("to make").
- Upper, lower, inner and outer wards or baileys
- Holy Roman Empire
In fortifications, a bailey or ward refers to a courtyard enclosed by a curtain wall. In particular, an early type of European castle was known as a Motte-and-bailey. Castles can have more than one ward. Their layout depends both on the local topography and the level of fortification technology employed, ranging from simple enclosures to elaborate ...
Wards can be arranged in sequence along a hill (as in a spur castle), giving an upper ward and lower ward. They can also be nested one inside the other, as in a concentric castle, giving an outer ward and inner ward. On the other hand, Tower houses lack an enclosed ward. The most important and prestigious buildings, such as the great hall and the k...
In the Germanic castles of the Holy Roman Empire, there is a distinction between a Vorburg and a Kernburg roughly corresponding to lower and upper wards in English castles. In German-speaking countries, many castles had double curtain walls with a narrow ward between them, referred to as a Zwinger. The outer wall was a Zwingermauer or type of mantl...
A bailey or ward in a fortification is a courtyard enclosed by a curtain wall. In particular, an early type of European castle was known as a motte-and-bailey. Castles can have more than one bailey.
USS Aaron Ward, various United States Navy destroyersUSS Ward (DD-139), a U.S. Navy destroyer"Ward", by C418 from Minecraft - Volume Beta, 2013
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