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  1. Church of England (1534/1559) Members. 5.2 million (2009) Official website. The Catholic Church in England and Wales ( Latin: Ecclesia Catholica in Anglia et Cambria; Welsh: Yr Eglwys Gatholig yng Nghymru a Lloegr) is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in full communion with the Holy See.

  2. Blue is Catholic and red is Protestant. In 2011, in total there were roughly 5.7 million Catholics (9.1%) in the United Kingdom: 4,155,100 in England and Wales (7.4%), 841,053 in Scotland (15.9%), and 738,033 in Northern Ireland (40.76%). According to a survey conducted by Pew Research Center in 2015-2017, 19% of adults in the UK identify ...

  3. This is a list of notable Catholic churches in the United Kingdom, meaning individual buildings and congregations and administration, including notable current and former examples. It is intended to include churches which have listed buildings or otherwise have been recognized for their historical importance, and also to include church congregations notable for reasons unrelated to their buildings. These generally are or were members of the Catholic Church in the United Kingdom ...

  4. Those Anglo-Catholic parishes in the Church of England that reject the ordination of women can request alternative episcopal oversight (AEO) from a traditionalist bishop. Within the Province of Canterbury , the Anglo-Catholic provincial episcopal visitors (PEV) are the Bishop of Richborough (currently Norman Banks ), the Bishop of Ebbsfleet (currently vacant [2] ), and the Bishop of Fulham ...

    Parish Church
    Holborn, Camden, London
    Yes (Bishop of Fulham)
    Traditional Catholic
    Yes (Bishop of Fulham)
    Liberal Catholic
    City of London, Greater London
    Modern Catholic
    • Middle Ages
    • Reformation
    • Stuart Period
    • 18th Century
    • 19th Century
    • 20th Century
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Anglo-Saxon period

    There is evidence for Christianity in Roman Britain as early as the 3rd century. The inhabitants of the island developed a distinctive Christian tradition know as Celtic Christianity. The Roman Empire ceased to govern Britain after 409. Thereafter, the Romano-British were conquered by Germanic peoples known collectively as Anglo-Saxons. The new inhabitants practiced Anglo-Saxon paganism, and the Celtic Church was confined to Cornwall and Wales. In the 580s, Æthelberht, king of Kent, married t...


    As in other parts of medieval Europe, tension existed between the local monarch and the Pope about civil judicial authority over clerics, taxes and the wealth of the Church, and appointments of bishops, notably during the reigns of Henry II and John. As begun by Alfred the Great in 871 and consolidated under William the Conqueror in 1066, England became a politically unified entity at an earlier date than other European countries. One of the effects was that the units of government, both of c...

    Henry VIII

    Catholicism taught that the contrite person could cooperate with God towards their salvation by performing good works (see synergism). God's grace was given through the seven sacraments—baptism, confirmation, marriage, ordination, anointing of the sick, penance and the Eucharist. The Eucharist was celebrated during the Mass, the central act of Catholic worship. In this service, a priest consecrated bread and wine to become the body and blood of Christ through transubstantiation. The Church ta...

    Edward VI and Mary I

    Edward VI (reigned 1547–1553), Henry's son, became king at the age of nine. Under the guidance of Protestant councilors, including Cranmer, the Church of England was transformed into a fully Protestant church. A Book of Homilies was published, from which all clergy were to preach from on Sundays. The homilies condemned relics, images, rosary beads, holy water, palms, and other "papistical superstitions". It also taught justification by faith alone. Government sanctioned iconoclasm led to the...

    Elizabeth I

    When Queen Mary died childless in November 1558, her half-sister became Queen Elizabeth I. The first task of her reign was to settle the religious conflicts affecting her nation. The Elizabethan Religious Settlement of 1559 established how the Church of England would worship and how it was to be governed. In essence, the Church was returned to where it stood in 1553 before Edward's death. The Act of Supremacy made the monarch the Church's supreme governor. The Act of Uniformity restored a sli...

    James I

    In 1603, the King of Scotland inherited the English crown as James I. The Church of Scotland was even more strongly Reformed, having a presbyterian polity and John Knox's liturgy, the Book of Common Order. James was himself a moderate Calvinist, and the Puritans hoped the King would move the English Church in the Scottish direction. James, however, did the opposite, forcing the Scottish Church to accept bishops and the Five Articles of Perth, all attempts to make it as similar as possible to...

    English Civil War

    For the next century, through the reigns of James I and Charles I, and culminating in the English Civil War and the protectorate of Oliver Cromwell, there were significant swings back and forth between two factions: the Puritans (and other radicals) who sought more far-reaching reform, and the more conservative churchmen who aimed to keep closer to traditional beliefs and practices. The failure of political and ecclesiastical authorities to submit to Puritan demands for more extensive reform...


    With the Restoration of Charles II, Anglicanism too was restored in a form not far removed from the Elizabethan version. One difference was that the ideal of encompassing all the people of England in one religious organisation, taken for granted by the Tudors, had to be abandoned. The 1662 revision of the Book of Common Prayerbecame the unifying text of the ruptured and repaired Church after the disaster that was the civil war. When the new king Charles II reached the throne in 1660, he activ...

    Spread of Anglicanism outside England

    The history of Anglicanism since the 17th century has been one of greater geographical and cultural expansion and diversity, accompanied by a concomitant diversity of liturgical and theological profession and practice. At the same time as the English reformation, the Church of Ireland was separated from Rome and adopted articles of faith similar to England's Thirty-Nine Articles. However, unlike England, the Anglican church there was never able to capture the loyalty of the majority of the po...

    The Church of Ireland, an Anglican establishment, was disestablished in Ireland in 1869. The Welsh Church would later be disestablished in 1919, but in England the Church never lost its established role. However Methodism Catholics and other denominations were relieved of many of their disabilities through the repeal of the Test and Corporation Act...


    The current form of military chaplain dates from the era of the First World War. A chaplain provides spiritual and pastoral support for service personnel, including the conduct of religious services at sea or in the field. The Army Chaplains Department was granted the prefix "Royal" in recognition of the chaplains' wartime service. The Chaplain General of the British Army was Bishop John Taylor Smithwho held the post from 1901 to 1925. While the Church of England was historically identified w...


    The Church Assembly was replaced by the General Synodin 1970. On 12 March 1994 the Church of England ordained its first female priests. On 11 July 2005 a vote was passed by the Church of England's General Synod in York to allow women's ordination as bishops. Both of these events were subject to opposition from some within the church who found difficulties in accepting them. Adjustments had to be made in the diocesan structure to accommodate those parishes unwilling to accept the ministry of w...

    Buchanan, Colin. Historical Dictionary of Anglicanism (2nd ed. 2015) excerpt
    Chadwick, Owen. The Victorian Church, Part One: 1829–1859 (1966); The Victorian Church, Part Two: 1860–1901(1970)
    Clifton-Taylor, Alec (1967). The Cathedrals of England. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-20062-9.
    Coffey, John; Lim, Paul C. H., eds. (2008). The Cambridge Companion to Puritanism. Cambridge Companions to Religion. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-67800-1.