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  1. Anglicanism. James Stuart, Duke of Cambridge KG (12 July 1663 – 20 June 1667) was the second son of the Duke of York (later James II of England) and his first wife, Anne Hyde. In 1664, the infant James became the first Duke of Cambridge and Baron of Dauntsey, titles his uncle, King Charles II, created especially for him.

    • Life
    • Death
    • Aftermath
    • Arms
    • References

    Cambridge was born at 1:22 a.m. on 12 July 1663, at St. James's Palace, the second but first surviving son and child of the Duke of York (later King James II of England) and his wife, Anne Hyde. He was a grandson of Charles I of England and great-grandson of Henry IV of France. His baptism took place at St. James's Palace on 22 July, and was performed by Gilbert Sheldon, Archbishop of Canterbury. His godparents were his uncle King Charles II and his maternal grandfather Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon. Queen mother Henrietta Maria stood as godmother. Also present were Henry Jermyn, 1st Earl of St Albans and Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich.James was held by Mary Fairfax, Duchess of Buckingham. James was the great-grandson of King James VI of Scotland and I of England, the first Stuart king of England. During the English Civil War, his uncle King Charles II had escaped to France. Just three years prior to Cambridge's birth, he had been called back to England and thus, Cambridg...

    Cambridge became ill during late April 1667, probably on the 27th or 28th of the month. The disease was probably smallpox or bubonic plague, as an eyewitness account given by Samuel Pepys states that Cambridge was "full of spots" and that his physician, Dr. Frazier, did not know how to treat this disease. On 22 May, the Duke of Kendal, who was also sick from convulsions, died at St. James's Palace and Cambridge was transferred to Richmond. His mother feared for his life after Kendal died, because he was very sick. Another entry in Pepys's diary stated that the royal family lost all hopes of his survival during June 1667. An entry dated 6 June 1667, Pepys wrote that the nation lost all hopes of Cambridge surviving.However, an entry date 9 June stated that Cambridge was recovering pretty well and was expected to survive. His death on 20 June came as a shock to the nation, who saw it as the doom of the House of Stuart, as the Duke of York was left with no male issue. He lay in state in...

    Pepys wrote that during Cambridge's illness, the English were very concerned of what would happen in the event of his death and disappointed that he did die.The King did not send a formal letter instructing the court to mourn, and there was no mourning period. The titles Duke of Cambridge and Baron of Dauntseybecame extinct upon James's death, the former revived several times since and the latter revived just once for James's brother Edgar in 1667. A portrait of Cambridge painted by Willem Wissing, commissioned by his sister Lady Mary, the future Mary II, used to hang above the door of the Queen's Drawing Room of the Garden House at Windsor Castle.Cambridge's pension continued to be issued to his father, in hopes of supporting his other children.

    James bore a coat of arms, as a grandson of a British Sovereign, consisting of those of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of five points ermine.

    Bibliography

    1. Armstrong, William A. (2000) [1667]. The Diary of Samuel Pepys. 8 (illustrated ed.). California: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-22699-9. 2. Banks, Thomas Christopher (1826). The dormant and extinct baronage of England. Minnesota: University of Minnesota. 3. Beresford, John (1924) [Ayer Publishing]. Gossip of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (reprinted ed.). ISBN 978-0-8369-0199-3. 4. Hutton, Ronald (1989). Charles II: King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Oxford:...

  2. 20/12/2016 · James Stuart, Duke of Cambridge: Birthdate: July 12, 1663: Birthplace: St. James Palace, England, England (United Kingdom) Death: June 20, 1667 (3) St. James Palace, London, England (United Kingdom) Place of Burial: London, England: Immediate Family:

    • July 12, 1663
    • London, England
  3. Carter's History of Cambridge; all agree his name was James Stuart. DrKiernan 12:36, 7 April 2012 (UTC) Of course that was his name, he was baptised James and he was of the House of Stuart, but Prince James was his proper name: Cracroft's Peerage; Britain's genealogy; This is Cambridge; Beatty's English Royal Family

  4. James Stuart, Duke of Cambridge KG (12 July 1663 – 20 June 1667) was the second son of the Duke of York (later James II of England) and his first wife, Anne Hyde.In 1664, the infant James became the first Duke of Cambridge and Baron of Dauntsey, titles his uncle, King Charles II, created especially for him.

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  6. His condition worsened, and in June 1667 James, Duke of Cambridge, hope of the nation, died at the age of just three. Yet again, the House of Stuart was left with no male heir. The young Duke lay in state for a week before being buried in Westminster Abbey, but there was no period of mourning – perhaps because James’s mother was six months pregnant when he died.

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