Jerusalem (/ dʒ ə ˈ r uː s əl ə m /; Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushaláyim; Arabic: القُدس , al-Quds, Arabic pronunciation: , local pronunciation: ) is a city in Western Asia, on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
East Jerusalem or Eastern Jerusalem (Arabic: القدس الشرقية , al-Quds ash-Sharqiya; Hebrew: מִזְרַח יְרוּשָׁלַיִם , Mizraḥ Yerushalayim) is the sector of Jerusalem that was occupied by Jordan during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, as opposed to the western sector of the city, West Jerusalem, which was occupied by Israel.
Jerusalem is Islam's third holiest city, after Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia. According to Muslim tradition, Muhammad originally selected Jerusalem as the qibla: the direction Muslims should face during prayer. However, he later told his followers to face Mecca instead of Jerusalem when praying.
Eichmann à Jérusalem : Rapport sur la banalité du mal (titre original en anglais : Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil) est un livre de la philosophe Hannah Arendt, publié en 1963.