La arquitectura renacentista se desarrolla a partir del siglo XV principalmente en Italia. Es común atribuir el lugar de génesis a la ciudad italiana de Florencia, ciudad donde el gótico apenas había penetrado, en el momento de la construcción de la cúpula de la catedral de Santa María del Fiore proyectada por Filippo Brunelleschi.
Páginas en la categoría «Arquitectura del Renacimiento» Esta categoría contiene las siguientes 24 páginas: Arquitectura del Renacimiento A Arquitectura isabelina Arquitectura jacobina Arquitectura renacentista checa B Børsen C Castillo de Gola Dzierżoniowska Castillo de Gołuchów Castillo Pidhirtsi D Danny House F Arquitectura renacentista francesa
- Early Renaissance
- High Renaissance
- Progression from Early Renaissance Through to Baroque
- Spread in Europe
- Further Reading
The word "Renaissance" derives from the term rinascita, which means rebirth, first appeared in Giorgio Vasari's Le vite de' più eccellenti pittori, scultori e architettori (Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, 1550). Although the term Renaissance was used first by the French historian Jules Michelet, it was given its mor...
Development in Italy
Italy of the 15th century, and the city of Florence in particular, was home to the Renaissance. It is in Florence that the new architectural style had its beginning, not slowly evolving in the way that Gothic grew out of Romanesque, but consciously brought to being by particular architects who sought to revive the order of a past "Golden Age". The scholarly approach to the architecture of the ancient coincided with the general revival of learning. A number of factors were influential in bring...
Rise of architectural theory
During the Renaissance, architecture became not only a question of practice, but also a matter for theoretical discussion. Printingplayed a large role in the dissemination of ideas. 1. The first treatise on architecture was De re aedificatoria ("On the Subject of Building") by Leon Battista Alberti in 1450. It was to some degree dependent on Vitruvius's De architectura, a manuscript of which was discovered in 1414 in a library in Switzerland. De re aedificatoriain 1485 became the first printe...
Spread of the Renaissance in Italy
In the 15th century the courts of certain other Italian states became centres for spreading of Renaissance philosophy, art and architecture. In Mantua at the court of the Gonzaga, Alberti designed two churches, the Basilica of Sant'Andrea and San Sebastiano. Urbino was an important centre with the ancient Ducal Palace being extended for Federico da Montefeltro in the mid 15th century. The Duke employed Luciano Laurana from Dalmatia, renowned for his expertise at fortification. The design inco...
The Classical orders were analysed and reconstructed to serve new purposes.[note 6]While the obvious distinguishing features of Classical Roman architecture were adopted by Renaissance architects, the forms and purposes of buildings had changed over time, as had the structure of cities. Among the earliest buildings of the reborn Classicism were the...
The leading architects of the Early Renaissance or Quattrocento were Brunelleschi, Michelozzo and Alberti.
In the late 15th century and early 16th century, architects such as Bramante, Antonio da Sangallo the Younger and others showed a mastery of the revived style and ability to apply it to buildings such as churches and city palazzo which were quite different from the structures of ancient times. The style became more decorated and ornamental, statuar...
Mannerism in architecture was marked by widely diverging tendencies in the work of Michelangelo, Giulio Romano, Baldassare Peruzzi and Andrea Palladio, that led to the Baroque stylein which the same architectural vocabulary was used for very different rhetoric.
In Italy, there appears to be a seamless progression from Early Renaissance architecture through the High Renaissance and Mannerism to the Baroque style. Pevsner comments about the vestibule of the Laurentian Library that it "has often been said that the motifs of the walls show Michelangelo as the father of the Baroque". While continuity may be th...
The 16th century saw the economic and political ascendancy of France and Spain, and then later of England, Germany, Poland and Russia and the Low Countries. The result was that these places began to import the Renaissance style as indicators of their new cultural position. This also meant that it was not until about 1500 and later that signs of Ren...
During the 19th century there was a conscious revival of the style in Renaissance Revival architecture, that paralleled the Gothic Revival. Whereas the Gothic style was perceived by architectural theorists[note 10] as being the most appropriate style for Church building, the Renaissance palazzo was a good model for urban secular buildings requiring...Alberti, Leon Battista. 1988. On the Art of Building in Ten Books.Translated by Joseph Rykwert. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Anderson, Christy. 2013. Renaissance Architecture.Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.Buddensieg, Tilmann. 1976. "Criticism of Ancient Architecture in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries." In Classical Influences on European Culture A.D. 1500–1700,335–348. Edited by R. R. Bolgar...Hart, Vaughan, and Peter Hicks, eds. 1998. Paper Palaces: The Rise of the Architectural Treatise in the Renaissance.New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press.
Renacimiento es el nombre dado en el siglo XIX a un amplio movimiento cultural que se produjo en Europa Occidental durante los siglos XV y XVI. 1 Fue un periodo de transición entre la Edad Media y los inicios de la Edad Moderna.
El Renacimiento francés, en arquitectura, se considera habitualmente dividido en cuatro etapas: estilo Luis XII (ca. 1495-1530, de transición entre el gótico y el Renacimiento), Primer Renacimiento (1515 a 1530/1540), Segundo Renacimiento o Renacimiento clásico (1540 a 1559/1564) y manierismo (1559/1564-principios del siglo XVII).