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  1. Foundationalism concerns philosophical theories of knowledge resting upon non-inferential justified belief, or some secure foundation of certainty such as a conclusion inferred from a basis of sound premises.

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › ScientismScientism - Wikipedia

    Scientism is the opinion that science and the scientific method are the best or only way to render truth about the world and reality.. While the term was defined originally to mean "methods and attitudes typical of or attributed to natural scientists", some scholars (and subsequently many others) also adopted it as a pejorative term with the meaning "an exaggerated trust in the efficacy of the ...

  3. Rudolf Carnap (/ ˈ k ɑːr n æ p /; German: [ˈkaʁnaːp]; 18 May 1891 – 14 September 1970) was a German-language philosopher who was active in Europe before 1935 and in the United States thereafter.

  4. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › ReductionismReductionism - Wikipedia

    Reductionism is any of several related philosophical ideas regarding the associations between phenomena which can be described in terms of other simpler or more fundamental phenomena.

  5. Dit is een lijst van min of meer bekende filosofen uit heden en verleden. Een filosoof (ook wel 'wijsgeer' genoemd) is iemand die de studie van de filosofie beoefent, als beroep of anderszins.

  6. Larry Laudan poneerde een argument dat inductief is op de geschiedenis van de wetenschappen. De meeste algemeen geaccepteerde wetenschappelijke theorieën uit het verleden, zo redeneerde hij, bleken bij nader inzien onjuist te zijn, dus ervan uit worden gegaan dat ook de meeste van de huidige theorieën onjuist zijn.

  7. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › FactFact - Wikipedia

    Factuality—what has occurred—can also be contrasted with counterfactuality: what might have occurred, but did not. A counterfactual conditional or subjunctive conditional is a conditional (or "if–then") statement indicating what would be the case if events had been other than they were.