1783 ( MDCCLXXXIII) fue un año común comenzado en miércoles según el calendario gregoriano . Índice 1 Acontecimientos 2 Ciencia y tecnología 3 Nacimientos 4 Fallecimientos 5 Referencias 6 Enlaces externos Acontecimientos [ editar] 4 de febrero: en Alepo (Siria), grandes sacudidas sísmicas causan la muerte de 22 000 personas.
1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1783rd year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 783rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 18th century, and the 4th year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1783, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. Calendar year
President of the Continental Congress: Elias Boudinot (until November 4), Thomas Mifflin(starting November 4)
1. January 23 – The Confederation Congress ratifies two October 8, 1782, treaties signed by the United States with the United Netherlands. 2. February 3 – American Revolutionary War: Britain awards the United States independence. Spain refuses to grant diplomatic recognition to the United States. 3. February 4 – American Revolutionary War: Great Britainformally declares that it will cease hostilities with the United States of America. 4. February 26 – The United States Continental Army's Corp...
1. April – Peace and off Treaty signed with Swedenin Paris, the first act of state concluded between the United States and a foreign power. 2. April 15 – Preliminary articles of peace ending the American Revolutionary War are ratified by the Congress of the Confederation. 3. May 13 – The Society of the Cincinnati, a fraternal organization for American veterans of the American Revolution, is formed in Newburgh, New York. 4. May 18 – The first United Empire Loyalists, fleeing the new United Sta...
1. July 16 – Grants of land in Canada to Loyalistsare announced. 2. September 3 – American Revolutionary War: Treaty of Paris – A treaty between the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain is signed in Paris, ending the war and formally granting the United States independence from Great Britain. 3. September 9 – Dickinson College is chartered in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. 4. September 22 – American frontier: Confederation Congress Proclamation of 1783prohibits the settlement, purchase or...January 14 – Wilson Lumpkin, U.S. Senator from Georgia from 1837 to 1841 and Governor of Georgia from 1831 to 1835 (died 1870)February 16 – Stephen Cassin, U.S. Navy officer (died 1857)March 8 – Hannah Van Buren, née Hoes, wife of Martin Van Buren, 8th President of the United States (died 1819)April 3 – Washington Irving, author (died 1859)January 15 – William Alexander, Lord Stirling, Major-General in the Continental Army (born 1726)March 23 – Charles Carroll, lawyer, delegate to the Continental Congress (born 1723)May 23 – James Otis Jr., political activist and pamphleteer (born 1725)November 15 – John Hanson, first President of the Continental Congress (born 1721)
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- Enlaces Externos
De forma resumida, mediante este tratado: 1. Se reconocía la independencia de las Trece Colonias como los Estados Unidos de América (artículo 1) y otorgó a la nueva nación todo el territorio al norte de Florida, al sur del Canadá y al este del río Misisipi. El paralelo 31° se fijaba como frontera sur entre el Misisipi y el río Apalachicola. Gra...
En general los logros alcanzados pueden juzgarse como favorables para España y en menor medida para Francia, a pesar del elevado coste bélico y las pérdidas ocasionadas por la casi paralización del comercio con América, un pesado lastre que gravitaría sobre la posterior situación económica francesa. Por otra parte, el triunfo de los rebeldes nortea...Wikimedia Commons alberga una categoría multimedia sobre el Tratado de París.Wikisource en inglés contiene una copia del Tratado de París (1783).
February 26 – Caroline Herschel discovers NGC 2360.May – John Goodricke presents his conclusions that the variable star Algol is what comes to be known as an eclipsing binary to the Royal Societyof London.August 18 – Great Meteor passes over Great Britain, exciting scientific interest.November 27 – John Michell proposes the existence of black holes("dark stars").June 5 – The Montgolfier brothers send up at Annonay, near Lyon, a 900 m linen hot air balloonas a public demonstration. Its flight covers 2 km and lasts 10 minutes, to an estimated altitude of 160...August 27 – Jacques Charles and the Robert brothers launch the first hydrogen balloon in Paris.November 21 – The first free flight by humans in a balloon is made by Pilâtre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandeswho fly aloft for 25 minutes about 100 metres above Paris for a distance of 9 km.December 26 – Louis-Sébastien Lenormand makes the first ever recorded public demonstration of a parachute descent by jumping from the tower of the Montpellierobservatory in France using his rigid-f...Jean Baptiste François Pierre Bulliard publishes his Dictionnaire Elémentaire de Botanique, contributing to the spread of Linnaean terminology, particularly in mycology.Erasmus Darwin begins publication of A System of Vegetables, a translation of Linnaeus in which he coins many common English languagenames of plants.Antoine Lavoisier publishes Réflexions sur le phlogistique, showing the phlogiston theory to be inconsistent, proposing chemical reaction as an alternative theory in a paper read to the French Acad...Discovery of tungsten – José and Fausto Elhuyar find an acid in wolframite which they reduce with charcoalto isolate tungsten.February 5–March 28 – Calabrian earthquakes in Kingdom of Two Sicilies.June 8 – The volcano Laki in Iceland begins a major eruption with extensive climatic consequences on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.August 4 (Edo period, Tenmei 3) – Mount Asama, the most active volcano in Japan, begins climactic eruption, exacerbating a famine, following a plinian eruption beginning on May 9 (Tenmei eruption).
- Earth Sciences
- History of Science and Technology
German physician Melchior Adam Weikard publishes a biography of microscopist Wilhelm Friedrich von Gleichen, Biographie des Herrn Wilhelm Friedrich v. Gleichen genannt Rußwurm.Henry Cort of Funtley, England, invents the grooved rolling mill for producing bar iron.Thomas Bell patentsa method of printing on fabric from engraved cylinders.Horace-Bénédict de Saussure publishes Essai sur l'hygrométrie, recording his experiments with the hair hygrometer.May 22 – William Sturgeon, English inventor (died 1850)June 9 – Benjamin Collins Brodie, English physiologist (died 1862)October 6 – François Magendie, French physiologist (died 1855)October 22 – Constantine Samuel Rafinesque, Ottoman-born French American polymath (died 1840)March 30 – William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (born 1718)April 16 – Christian Mayer, Moravian astronomer (born 1719)September 18 – Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician and physicist (born 1707)October 29 – Jean le Rond d'Alembert, French mathematician and physicist (born 1717)
La Pragmática Sanción de 1783 fue una pragmática con «fuerza de ley» dictada por el rey Carlos III de España para intentar integrar a los «gitanos» por medios no exclusivamente represivos, tras el fracaso del proyecto de «exterminio» de la «mala raza» de los gitanos conocido como la Gran Redada de 1749, bajo el reinado de su antecesor Fernando VI. La nueva política de Carlos III hacia los gitanos plasmada en la Pragmática Sanción de 1783, según José Luis Gómez ...