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Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, KG, OM, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, TD, PC (16 April 1881 – 23 December 1959), known as The Lord Irwin from 1925 until 1934 and The Viscount Halifax from 1934 until 1944, was a senior British Conservative politician of the 1930s. He held several senior ministerial posts during this time, most notably ...
10/10/2021 · Learn more about 45 Wareland Road, Wellesley MA, #72905167
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hace 4 días · Lord Charles Wellesley, politico, generale e nobile inglese (n.1808 - Apsley House, †1858) Charles Wyndham, II conte di Egremont , politico inglese (n. 1710 - † 1763 ) Charles Yorke , politico inglese ( Londra , n. 1722 - Londra , † 1770 )
- The Growth of Ilford.
- Local Government Since 1888.
- Public Services.
- Churches Founded Since 1830.
- Roman Catholicism Since 1830.
- Churches Founded Since 1830.
- Elementary Schools Founded Before 1893.
Ilford village, in1653, comprised about 50 houses, mostly north andeast of the central road junction, along that part ofthe High Road now called the Broadway. (fn. 1) Southand west of the junction wasSpurle Grove, an 'island' sitebelonging to Ilford Hospital,on which there were only twoor three buildings apart fromthose of the hospital itself.There were also a few houseson the south side of Back (nowRoden) Street, and in GreenLane. It was stated in 1650 thatthe 'town' of Ilford contained'above 60 families'. (fn. 2) Ilford grewconsiderably during the nexttwo centuries. This seems tohave been largely due to thedevelopment of the hospitalestate, in and near the centre of the village. In thelater 18th century the Gascoynes, as masters of thehospital, began to grant plots of land on buildingleases. Mark Gibbard, who took up one of these leasesin 17656, was in 1771 granted a lease of the wholehospital estate, on terms authorizing him to developSpittel Field, in Ilford Lane, as a brickfiel...
Until the modern expansion ofIlford the main occupation of the inhabitants wasagriculture. (fn. 56) Tanning was an early industry atBarkingside, shown by the name Tanners Brook(probably the north end of the Cranbrook), whichoccurs in 1456. (fn. 57) At the beginning of the 19thcentury there was a tannery in Tanners Lane. Thishad ceased by about 1840. (fn. 58) Brick-making becameimportant in the later 18th century, when MarkGibbard developed Spittel Field, near the Hospital,to provide bricks for houses that he was erecting inthis area. (fn. 59) In the early 19th century there wereseveral brickfields. One of these was at Uphall, about mile south of Ilford station; another, whichbelonged to John Scrafton Thompson, was part ofhis Clements estate. (fn. 60) Brickmaking continued in theIlford Lane area until about 1870. (fn. 61) Later in thecentury, when there was great demand for bricks,it was carried on by Henry Clark, in fields south ofthe High Road, near St. Mary's church, and byRobert...
In 1890a local board was set up for Ilford. (fn. 79) The problemsfacing the board, and its successor, the urbandistrict council, were in several respects differentfrom those experienced at this period in Barking.In 1891 the population of Barking was 14,301,mostly concentrated in the courts and alleys of theold town. Ilford, which had 10,711 inhabitants, wasa large village with outlying hamlets and farms, butwith little urban development. Ten years laterIlford, with a population of 41,235, was almost twicethe size of Barking (21,547). Most of the new houseswere in a narrow belt close to the Great Easternrailway line. The Ilford Council had therefore todevelop and expand its public services, especiallysewerage, much more quickly than was necessary atBarking, but it had advantages not shared byBarking. There was no slum clearance problem atIlford, and the rapid increase in the rateable valueof the town gave the council the means and theconfidence to plan public works on a large scale.B...
The Ilford Gas Co. wasformed in 1839, with a capital of 1,500, and workson an island in the Roding. (fn. 90) Statutory powers wereobtained in 1873 and enlarged in 1881 and 1894. (fn. 91) In 1899, after protests against the high price of gas,the urban district council promoted a Bill to takeover the gasworks. (fn. 92) The company defeated this,obtained an Act to raise further capital, modernizedits mains, and vigorously proclaimed the superiorityof its product over that offered by the council's newelectricity department. (fn. 93) The Ilford company wasmerged in the Gas Light and Coke Co. in 1922. (fn. 94)Since 1948 Ilford has been within the area of theNorth Thames Gas Board. In 1898 Ilford U.D.C. obtained powers to supplyelectricity. (fn. 95) A power station was opened in LeyStreet in 1901. (fn. 96) The initial cost of the scheme was64,867. (fn. 97) The prime mover in it was CouncillorBenjamin Bailey, chairman of the lighting committee, whose activities included public lectures onth...
Thedivision of the ancient parish of Barking, suggestedin 1650, (fn. 135) was not carried out until 1830. Thebuilding of a new church at Ilford was under discussion in 1823. (fn. 136) In 1825 local Churchmen,vigorously led by Robert W. Hall-Dare of Cranbrook, began to agitate for the formation of a newparish for both civil and ecclesiastical purposes. (fn. 137) Some of them were spurred on by rivalry of theflourishing Baptist church at Ilford. (fn. 138) They metstrong opposition during the next three years anddecided not to press for civil division, but with thehelp of the Church Building Commissioners theysucceeded in their limited objective. The new ecclesiastical parish of Great Ilford was created by Orderin Council in 1830. It included the whole of Ilfordward, and the part of Chadwell ward to the north ofGreen Lane and west of Faircross Lane. (fn. 139) Theparish church of St. Mary was built in the HighRoad in 182931, on land given by John ScraftonThompson of Clements, who had be...
In1895 a Roman Catholic mission was opened atIlford on the initiative of the Revd. A. S. Barnes, aconvert who had been chaplain of Ilford Hospital.A temporary iron church was erected in Ilford Lane,and in 1899 the permanent church of ST. PETERAND ST. PAUL was opened in the High Road.This is a brick building in the Perpendicular style,but the entrance front and tower are faced withstone. It consists of an apsidal chancel and an aisledand clerestoried nave, the aisle terminating in sidechapels. It also has a baptistery and a west gallery.In 1896 the Revd. (later Canon) Patrick Palmerstarted an influential ministry at Ilford that lastedfor 52 years. (fn. 191) On the Becontree estate the temporary church ofST. VINCENT, Waldegrave Road, was opened in1923, and a permanent building was erected in 1934.It is a large building of red brick with stone dressingsin the Perpendicular style, having an aisled andclerestoried nave, chancel, side chapels, narthex,baptistery, and west gallery. At Bark...
In 1830 there were a Baptistchapel and a Wesleyan chapel in Ilford village, andone belonging to the London Itinerant Society atBarkingside. (fn. 194)Of these the first, which was theearliest and for many years the strongest nonconformist chapel in Ilford, has alone survived to thepresent day, as the High Road Baptist church. Ebenezer Strict Baptist church was formed in1836 by seceders from the High Road congregation,who built a chapel on leasehold land in CranbrookRoad, almost opposite the present railway station. (fn. 195)In 1898 a new iron chapel was erected on a freeholdsite in Cleveland Road. Ebenezer was joined in 1928by the last 9 members of Elim Chapel, Limehouse, the sale of which provided part of the fundsfor the building of a new Ebenezer-Elim, opened in1932. The Baptists were the first denomination to opena church at Seven Kings. (fn. 196) In 1898 James Parker,minister of High Road, Ilford, persuaded the Revd.John F. Chadwick to start work on the Downshallestate. In 1899...
The Ilford and Valentines ParkSynagogue, Coventry Road, was founded in 1927,and the Ilford District Synagogue, Beehive Lane, in1936. (fn. 267) The Becontree Synagogue, founded before1933 in temporary premises in Becontree Avenue,amalgamated in 1949 with that of Barking. In 1954the Barking and Becontree Synagogue was built onthe Becontree Avenue site. (fn. 268)
A school board was formed for Ilfordin 1893. (fn. 269) There were then five elementary schoolsin the parish, of which four belonged to the Churchof England and one to the Baptists. Two were inIlford village, one at Barkingside, one at AldboroughHatch, and the other in Beehive Lane. During theten years of its existence the school board builtseven (fn. 270)elementary schools to serve the rapidlygrowing town, and also a higher grade school, thefirst of its kind in Essex. In the same period theBaptist school was closed and a Roman Catholicschool opened. In 1904 Ilford Urban District Council became a'Part III' authority, under the Education Act (1902)with responsibility for elementary education. Itbuilt four more schools before the First World War.The higher grade school was transferred to thecounty and became Ilford county high school.During the same period the Church school at Aldborough Hatch was closed and the Beehive Churchschool became Valentines council school. After thewar it was...
Early inthe 19th century Charles Welstead of Valentinesbuilt the Forest Side school in Horns Road, Barkingside. From 1813 this was being supported, andperhaps partly controlled, by the Barking Churchschool committee, (fn. 274) which in 1822 decided that allIlford boys should attend it. (fn. 275) After Welstead'sdeath in 1832 the committee closed the school andlet the buildings, (fn. 276) the income from which was in1837 settled on the Cricklewood school in Ilfordvillage. (fn. 277) In 1841 the Forest Side school was conveyed to the new ecclesiastical district of Barkingside. After the building of the Barkingside Churchschool in 1842 the rents from Forest Side were usedfor that school. (fn. 278) In 1830 the Barking Church school committeebuilt a school on a site called Cricklewood, east ofSt. Mary's church in Ilford High Road. (fn. 279) This,which was at first called the Cricklewood school,was in union with the National Society. (fn. 280) In 1837it was taken over by a separate Ilford...
威廉王子在1982年6月21日的晚上9時03分出生於倫敦西區帕丁頓聖瑪麗醫院的林都院區，為威爾斯親王查爾斯以及妻子威爾斯王妃戴安娜的第一個兒子。由於父親為威尔士親王，因此威廉王子一出生的稱號就是威尔士威廉王子殿下。同年8月4日，威廉王子在白金漢宮的音樂廳受洗，坎特伯里大主教主持了王子的洗禮。而前希臘國王康斯坦丁二世、勞仁斯·凡·德·波斯特爵士、雅麗珊郡主、西敏公爵夫人、羅姆西男爵和北布拉德利男爵夫人成為了威廉王子的教父母。 起名威廉是緣於英女王伊莉莎白二世的堂弟，即女王叔叔格洛斯特公爵亨利王子的長子格洛斯特的威廉王子（Prince William of Gloucester，1941年12月18日－1972年8月28日），於1972年在一次飛行比賽中意外身亡。為紀念威廉王子，威爾斯親王夫婦將長子取名為威廉。而威廉王子的親弟弟哈利王子則以亨利命名，於兩年後出生。 威廉的第一次公開露面是在1991年3月1日陪同父母到訪威尔士的首府加的夫。他在當地大教堂以左手拿筆簽署訪客名冊後，大眾方知威廉王子是個左撇子。而他在電視鏡頭前的第一句說話是：「Thank you」，是威廉在離開加的夫前，接...
2005年7月，威廉王子首次代表他的王祖母，出席在紐西蘭紀念第二次世界大戰的活動。而現時他還是英格蘭足球總會主席和英國慈善組織中心點（Centrepoint，一個援助無家青年的組織）的贊助人。 自聖安德魯斯大學畢業，王子曾在德文郡公爵旗下的物業和倫敦的匯豐銀行打過工。 威廉王子在離開軍事學院後，按傳統在軍中服役，但只會接受非戰鬥性任務。雖然王子曾公開表示有意上前線作戰，但历代英国王室皆有保守傳統，就是從不让王位繼承人深陷險境，所以王子難償其願。2009年1月，威廉被指派至英國皇家空軍執行任務，升上尉後至空軍搜救隊（英语：RAF Search and Rescue Force）擔任直升機駕駛。 2011年3月18日，威廉王子在紐西蘭基督城举行的地震纪念仪式上致辞，包括来自紐西蘭、澳大利亚的政府首相，紐西蘭基督教领袖、玛尔维娜·梅杰女爵士、海莉·薇思特拉、基督城唱诗班和来自世界各国的搜救团队等在内的数万人参加了此次聚会，旨在纪念发生在二月份地震中的遇难者和重建家园。威廉王子这次代表女王伊麗莎白二世慰問遭受自然灾害的紐西蘭和澳大利亚國民。
作為英國王位第二號繼承人，威廉王子的戀愛經歷一直是英國大小傳媒體追訪的話題。很多年輕的社會名媛都和威廉王子傳過緋聞。 2003年，威廉王子與大學同學凱薩琳·米德尔顿（凱特）交往。之前英國常有傳聞他們倆會訂婚甚至結婚，但也有英國媒體於2007年4月14日公佈威廉和凯特分手的消息。凱特於2007年和威廉短暫分手，於2007年7月復合。英國媒體報導，威廉王子念念不忘凱特，一直希望與凱特復合。他的朋友稱威廉邀請凱特參加派對，不但親吻凱特，還帶凱特到房間相聚數小時。據威廉的密友披露，威廉曾邀請凱特到軍營，一同出席其中一個慶祝訓練結束的狂歡派對。接近子夜時分，威廉開始把凱特摟在懷里，吻起來。事實上，據報兩人低調約會已差不多一個月，一切都是威廉王子採取主動。《每日郵報》引述威廉王子一名朋友說：「威廉自與凱特分手後，沒有一刻不想念她，一直說凱特是很棒的女孩，與她一起是一生最美的事，對於復合的事，他絕對是認真的。」 兩人復合後，凱特應威廉之邀出席紀念黛安娜音樂會。2010年10月16日兩人去肯亞旅行，途經肯亞北部的勒瓦，此地極受威廉喜愛，威廉便是在此向凱特求婚。
1. 1982年6月21日– 2011年4月29日：威尔斯的威廉王子殿下 2. 2011年4月29日– 至今：剑桥公爵殿下 威廉王子的完整頭銜為：威廉·亚瑟·菲利普·路易王子殿下，剑桥公爵，斯特拉森伯爵，卡里克弗格斯男爵，最高贵嘉德勋章的皇家骑士伴随（His Royal Highness Prince William Arthur Philip Louis, Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn, Baron Carrickfergus, Royal Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter）。 作为一名英国王子，出于正式和礼仪上的用途，威廉在婚前就和其他王室公爵的孩子们一样，将王子或公主的头衔冠于他们的教名之前，而后跟着的是他们父亲的领地称号，所以威廉王子被称为“威尔斯的威廉王子”。 女王伊丽莎白二世规定，其與菲利普親王的父系後裔應以「蒙巴顿-温莎」為法定姓氏。不過一般擁有頭銜的王室成員並不使用姓氏，以示其非平民。必要時威廉與其他王子、公主一樣，使用父親最大的領地稱號為姓氏...
官职 1. 2008年4月23日– 至今：最高贵嘉德勋章的皇家骑士伴随（KG） 威廉王子于2008年6月16日由伊丽莎白二世在温莎城堡的圣乔治礼拜堂正式授予勋章，他是第1000位登上名册的嘉德勋章成员。 上一次由君主授予孙子辈嘉德勋章是在1894年，由维多利亚女王授予阿尔弗雷德亲王。 1. 2009年7月6日– 至今：中殿荣誉学会成员 2. 2009年7月6日– 至今：中殿荣誉学会的学院监督 3. 2010年6月23日– 至今：皇家学会荣誉院士（FRS） 纪念章 1. 2002年2月6日：伊丽莎白二世女王金禧庆典纪念章 国外荣誉 1. 2008年7月6日：联合勤务成绩奖章
由于威廉外祖父的世系，他是亨利四世以及詹姆斯二世的后裔，这两位君主的后裔没能保住王位。如果威廉成为国王，他将成为查理一世后裔中继安妮女王之后第一位君主，以及查理二世的后裔中第一位，因为威廉的母亲是查理二世两名私生子亨利·菲兹罗伊，第一代格拉夫顿公爵和查尔斯·伦诺克斯，第一代里士满公爵的后裔。通过母亲的家族斯宾塞家族，威廉拥有英国血统以及很少的爱尔兰血统、苏格兰血统和美国血统，与一些美国总统和英国首相是远亲。由于威廉的外高祖母弗朗西丝·沃克，他是演员奥利弗·普莱特的第三代表亲。 威廉同样也是苏格兰联合之前君主以及英格兰被征服之前君主的后裔，他还是许多非英国君主，包括彼得大帝、叶卡捷琳娜二世、乔治一世、克里斯蒂安九世、阿方索一世、安德烈二世、斐迪南二世、伊莎贝拉一世以及早期法国诸王的后裔。 由于自己母亲的世系，威廉是卡特琳娜·斯福尔札的后裔，她是意大利贵族女性，与博吉亚家族有来往。
13/10/2021 · In 1671 a petition was made to Charles II by a Doctor Thomas Waldon, physician, John Jones, apothecary to the household, and Captain Henry Cooke, master of the children of the Chapel Royal, 'that the Surveyor might provide lodgings for them when His Majesty removed to Hampton Court, as those they had were so decayed that they had to be pulled down.' The Bishop of London is Dean of the 'Chapels ...