Prince Friedrich Karl was a grandson of King Frederick William III of Prussia and a nephew of Frederick William IV and William I. As a military commander, the Prince had a major influence on the Royal Prussian Army 's advances in training and tactics in the 1850s and 1860s.
First depiction of the Reichsadler as a double-headed eagle (coat of arms of Otto IV from the Chronica Majora, c. 1250) Coat of arms of the Holy Roman Empire with two putti (1540s manuscript) Imperial coat of arms ( Römischer Kayserlicher und Königlicher Mayestät Wappen ) from Siebmachers Wappenbuch (1605)
Frédéric-Guillaume IV Friedrich Wilhelm IV: Portrait du roi Frédéric-Guillaume IV. Titre; Roi de Prusse; 7 juin 1840 – 2 janvier 1861 (20 ans, 6 mois et 26 jours) Régent Guillaume: Premier ministre Ludwig Gustav von Thile: Ministre-président Adolf Heinrich von Arnim-Boitzenburg Ludolf Camphausen Rudolf von Auerswald Ernst von Pfuel
His brother was Franz Ludwig, Count Palatine of Neuburg, his sisters were married to Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I, Peter II of Portugal, and Charles II of Spain. Succession. As a gift to Johann Wilhelm and his new bride, Archduchess Maria Anna Josepha of Austria, Johann Wilhelm's father ceded to them the Duchies of Jülich and Berg in 1679.
A mãe de Amélia era filha do rei Maximiliano I José da Baviera e de sua primeira consorte, a princesa Augusta Guilhermina de Hesse-Darmstadt . Entre os irmãos de Amélia estavam Josefina de Leuchtenberg, rainha consorte de Óscar I da Suécia, e Augusto de Beauharnais, príncipe consorte de Maria II de Portugal (enteada de Amélia).
Joseph Maria Ludwig Johann Nepomuck Aloys Gonzaga Franz Xavier Januar Anton de Padua Polycarp (26 January 1754 – 25 March 1763) died in childhood Anton of Saxony (27 December 1755 – 6 June 1836) married Maria Carolina of Savoy , no issue; married Maria Theresa of Austria , no surviving issue
George I (George Louis; German: Georg Ludwig; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 and ruler of the Electorate of Hanover within the Holy Roman Empire from 23 January 1698 until his death in 1727.