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  1. The Kingdom of Prussia (German: Königreich Preußen, pronounced [ˌkøːnɪkʁaɪ̯ç ˈpʁɔɪ̯sn̩] ) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918. It was the driving force behind the unification of Germany in 1871 and was the leading state of the German Empire until its dissolution in 1918.

  2. El Reino de Prusia (en alemán, Königreich Preußen) fue un Estado europeo que existió desde 1701 hasta 1918. Gobernado durante toda su existencia por la rama franconiana de la dinastía Hohenzollern, originalmente estaba centrado en Brandeburgo-Prusia. No obstante, y gracias sobre todo a su poderío militar, logró expandirse territorialmente.

    • La Orden Teutónica Y El Ducado
    • El Margraviato de Brandeburgo Y Los Hohenzollern
    • Brandeburgo-Prusia
    • Reino de Prusia
    • El Estado Libre de Prusia Durante La República de Weimar
    • El Nacionalsocialismo Y El Fin de Prusia

    Tras la promulgación de la Bula de Oro de Rímini en el siglo XIII, Federico II Hohenstaufen, Emperador del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico, y el duque Conrado I de Mazovia dieron comienzo a las cruzadas bálticas con la intención de cristianizar a los pueblos de la tierra de los prusios. Fue entonces cuando la Orden teutónica se estableció en Prusia ...

    El núcleo real del estado de los Hohenzollern de Prusia fue el Margraviato de Brandeburgo, fundado en 1157 por Alberto I de Brandeburgo de la Casa de Ascania tras conquistar el territorio poblado por eslavos. Después de la muerte del último margrave ascaniano Valdemar en 1320, el país pasó primero a la Casa de Wittelsbach, luego a la de Luxemburgo ...

    En 1618, la línea ducal prusiana masculina de la familia Hohenzollern dejó de existir. Desde entonces, sus herederos, los margraves y electores de Brandeburgo, gobernaron ambos países en unión personal. Esto significaba que estaban en condición de feudo tanto del emperador como del rey de Polonia. La designación Brandeburgo-Prusia para los dominios...

    Adquisición de la dignidad real por Federico I

    El rango, la reputación y el prestigio de un príncipe fueron factores políticos importantes en la era del absolutismo. Elector Federico III, por lo tanto, usó la soberanía del ducado de Prusia para tratar de elevarlo al reino y el suyo al rey. Al hacerlo, trató sobre todo de mantener la igualdad en las relaciones con Sajonia con el Elector de Sajonia, que también era Rey de Polonia, y con el Elector de Brunswick-Luneburgo ("Kurhannover"), que era candidato al trono inglés.[20]​ Como no había...

    Centralización y militarización bajo Federico Guillermo I

    Sin embargo, no fue hasta la Guerra de Sucesión Española y su fin mediante el tratado de Utrecht que Prusia fue confirmada como un reino. Federico Guillermo I, segundo rey de Prusia (1713–1740), transformó a su reino en una potencia militar. Se vio envuelto en la disputa por el territorio de Pomerania frente a Suecia, parte de la cual le fue entregada mediante el Tratado de Estocolmo en 1720. Instauró una corte austera y eficaz, centralizando la administración financiera. Federico siempre ves...

    Aumento del prestigio prusiano bajo Federico II

    El 31 de mayo de 1740, su hijo Federico II, más tarde llamado Federico el Grande, ascendió al trono. En su primer año en el gobierno, hizo que el ejército prusiano entrara en Silesia, que era parte de Austria. Esto inició el dualismo prusiano-austriaco, la lucha de las dos principales potencias alemanas por la supremacía imperial.[25]​ En las tres guerras de Silesia (1740-1763) Prusia se aseguró la provincia recién adquirida. En la Guerra de los Siete Años (1756–1763), Prusia, aliada con Gran...

    El Tratado de Versalles estipuló la anexión de una parte del territorio de Prusia a la recién restablecida Polonia, mientras que las ciudades prusianas del Báltico Danzig y Memel fueron declaradas ciudades libres. Estas medidas dividieron drásticamente el territorio prusiano, dejando a Prusia oriental totalmente separada del resto de Alemania.[56]​...

    A partir de 1933, la recuperación de los territorios prusianos perdidos por el Tratado de Versalles se convirtió en uno de los pilares del gobierno nazi. El 24 de octubre de 1938, el Gobierno alemán solicitó a Varsovia la devolución de la Ciudad libre de Danzig (unida aduaneramente a Polonia) y el permiso para tender una línea férrea y una carreter...

    • Geography
    • History
    • Other Websites

    Prussia's borders have changed over time. It has not always been the exact same place. Mostly, Prussia was a small part of what is today northern Poland. After a small number of Prussian people moved there to live, Germans came to live there too. In 1934, Prussia's borders were with France, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Denmark, and Lithuan...

    In 1226, Polish Prince Conrad of Mazovia (Mazovia is a place in Northern Poland) asked the Teutonic Knights from Transylvania to come to Mazovia. He wanted them to fight the Prussian tribes on his borders. They fought for more than 100 years. Then they created a new state. After some time, this state controlled most of today's Estonia, Latvia, and ...

    • Prussian
    • German (official)
  3. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › PrussiaPrussia - Wikipedia

    • Symbols
    • Territory
    • History
    • Administrative and Constitutional Frameworks
    • Social History
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
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    The main coat of arms of Prussia, as well as the flag of Prussia, depicted a black eagleon a white background. The black and white national colours were already used by the Teutonic Knights and by the Hohenzollern dynasty. The Teutonic Order wore a white coat embroidered with a black cross with gold insert and black imperial eagle. The combination ...

    Before its abolition, the territory of the Free State of Prussia included the provinces of East Prussia; Brandenburg; Saxony (including much of the present-day state of Saxony-Anhalt and parts of the state of Thuringia in Germany); Pomerania; Rhineland; Westphalia; Silesia (without Austrian Silesia); Schleswig-Holstein; Hanover; Hesse-Nassau; and a...

    Teutonic Order

    In 1211 King Andrew II of Hungary granted Burzenland in Transylvania as a fiefdom to the Teutonic Knights, a German military order of crusading knights, headquartered in the Kingdom of Jerusalem at Acre. In 1225 he expelled them, and they transferred their operations to the Baltic Sea area. Konrad I, the Polish duke of Masovia, had unsuccessfully attempted to conquer pagan Prussia in crusades in 1219 and 1222. In 1226 Duke Konrad invited the Teutonic Knights to conquer the Baltic Prussian tri...

    Duchy of Prussia

    On 10 April 1525, after signing of the Treaty of Kraków, which officially ended the Polish–Teutonic War (1519–21), in the main square of the Polish capital Kraków, Albert I resigned his position as Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights and received the title "Duke of Prussia" from King Zygmunt I the Old of Poland. As a symbol of vassalage, Albert received a standard with the Prussian coat of arms from the Polish king. The black Prussian eagle on the flag was augmented with a letter "S" (for Si...

    Brandenburg-Prussia

    Brandenburg and Prussia united two generations later. In 1594 Anna, granddaughter of Albert I and daughter of Duke Albert Frederick (reigned 1568–1618), married her cousin Elector John Sigismund of Brandenburg. When Albert Frederick died in 1618 without male heirs, John Sigismund was granted the right of succession to the Duchy of Prussia, then still a Polish fief. From this time the Duchy of Prussia was in personal union with the Margraviate of Brandenburg. The resulting state, known as Bran...

    In the mid-16th century the margraves of Brandenburg had become highly dependent on the Estates (representing counts, lords, knights, and towns, but not prelates, owing to the Protestant Reformation in 1538). The margraviate's liabilities and tax income as well as the margrave's finances were in the hands of the Kreditwerk, an institution not contr...

    Population

    In 1871, Prussia's population numbered 24.69 million, accounting for 60% of the German Empire's population. The population grew rapidly from 45 million in 1880 to 56 million in 1900, thanks to declining mortality, even as birth rates declined. About 6 million Germans, primarily young families migrated to the United States, especially the mid-western farming regions. Their place in agriculture was often taken by young Polish farm workers. In addition, large numbers of Polish miners moved to Up...

    Religion

    The Duchy of Prussia was the first state to officially adopt Lutheranism in 1525. In the wake of the Reformation, Prussia was dominated by two major Protestant confessions: Lutheranism and Calvinism. The majority of the Prussian population was Lutheran, although there were dispersed Calvinist minorities in central and western parts of the state especially Brandenburg, Rhineland, Westphalia and Hesse-Nassau. In 1613, John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg and Grand Duke of Prussia declared him...

    Non-German population

    In 1871, approximately 2.4 million Poles lived in Prussia, constituting the largest minority. Other minorities were Jews, Danes, Frisians, Dutchmen, Kashubians (72,500 in 1905), Masurians (248,000 in 1905), Lithuanians (101,500 in 1905), Walloons, Czechs, Kursenieki, and Sorbs. The area of Greater Poland, where the Polish nation had originated, became the Province of Posen after the Partitions of Poland. Poles in this Polish-majority province (62% Polish, 38% German) resisted German rule. Als...

    Avraham, Doron (October 2008). "The Social and Religious Meaning of Nationalism: The Case of Prussian Conservatism 1815–1871". European History Quarterly. 38 (38#4): 525–550. doi:10.1177/0265691408...
    Barraclough, Geoffrey (1947). The Origins of Modern Germany (2d ed.)., covers medieval period
    Carroll, E. Malcolm. Germany and the great powers, 1866–1914: A study in public opinion and foreign policy (1938) online; 862pp.
    Clark, Christopher. Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of Prussia, 1600–1947 (2009), a standard scholarly history ISBN 978-0-7139-9466-7
  4. The monarchs of Prussia were members of the House of Hohenzollern who were the hereditary rulers of the former German state of Prussia from its founding in 1525 as the Duchy of Prussia. The Duchy had evolved out of the Teutonic Order, a Roman Catholic crusader state and theocracy located along the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea.