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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › 19841984 - Wikipedia

    Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1984. 1984 ( MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1984th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 984th year of the 2nd millennium, the 84th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1980s decade. Calendar year.

  2. ja.wikipedia.org › wiki › 1984年1984年 - Wikipedia

    1984年(1984 ねん)は、西暦(グレゴリオ暦)による、日曜日から始まる閏年。 昭和 59年。 この項目では、国際的な視点に基づいた1984年について記載する。

    • 大事记
    • 逝世
    • 诺贝尔奖
    • 奥斯卡金像奖

    1月

    1. 1月1日——汶萊脫離英國獨立。 2. 1月7日——汶萊加入東南亞國協,成為第六個會員國。 3. 1月11日——香港發生的士罷駛事件,其後演變成騷亂。 4. 1月24日——蘋果電腦公司發表世界上第一臺具有完整GUI且產品化的Macintosh電腦。

    2月

    1. 2月7日——第十四屆冬季奧林匹克運動會在南斯拉夫薩拉熱窩開幕。

    3月

    1. 3月6日——英國煤礦工人展開長達一年的大罷工。

    参见: 1984年逝世 1. 1月14日——梅爾·羅賓斯,美國發明家 2. 2月5日——粟裕,中國軍事家、中國人民解放軍高級將領 3. 2月9日——安德羅波夫,蘇聯共產黨總書記(生於1914年) 4. 3月2日——衛笑堂,台灣八步螳螂拳武術家(生於1901年) 5. 4月8日——彼得·卡皮查,苏联著名物理学家,超流的发现者之一 6. 4月13日——薩孟武,台灣學者及政治人物(生於1897年) 7. 4月19日——王少清,香港商人及慈善家(生於1903年) 8. 4月22日——安塞爾·亞當斯,美國攝影師(生於1902年) 9. 6月6日——吳國楨,中華民國政治人物(生於1903年) 10. 6月25日——傅柯,法國哲學家(生於1926年) 11. 7月26日——艾德·蓋恩,美國連環殺手(生於1...

    物理:卡洛·魯比亞(義大利)、西蒙·范德梅爾(荷蘭)
    化学:羅伯特·布魯斯·梅里菲爾德(美國)
    生理和医学:尼爾斯·傑尼(丹麥)、喬治斯·克勒(德國)、色薩·米爾斯坦(英國)
    文学:雅羅斯拉夫·塞弗爾特(捷克)

    (第57届,1985年颁发) 1. 奥斯卡最佳影片奖——《莫扎特传》(Amadeus) 2. 奥斯卡最佳导演奖——米洛斯·福尔曼(Milos Forman)《莫扎特传》 3. 奥斯卡最佳男主角奖——默里·亚伯拉罕(F. Murray Abraham)《莫扎特传》 4. 奥斯卡最佳女主角奖——萨莉·菲尔德(Sally Field)《心田深處》 5. 奥斯卡最佳男配角奖——吳漢潤(Haing S. Ngor)《战火屠城》 6. 奥斯卡最佳女配角奖——佩吉·阿什克罗夫特(Peggy Ashcroft)《印度之行》

    • 19世纪 | 20世纪 | 21世纪
    • 2千纪
  3. 『 1984年 』(1984ねん、原題: Nineteen Eighty-Four )または『 1984 』は、 1949年 に刊行した イギリス の作家 ジョージ・オーウェル の ディストピア SF小説 。 全体主義 国家によって 分割統治 された 近未来 世界の恐怖を描いている。 欧米での評価が高く、思想・文学・音楽など様々な分野に今なお多大な影響を与えている 近代文学 傑作品の一つである。 出版当初から 冷戦 下の英米で爆発的に売れ、同じくオーウェルが著した『 動物農場 』や ケストラー の『 真昼の暗黒 』などとともに反全体主義、反共産主義、反 集産主義 のバイブルとなった。 政府による 監視 、 検閲 、 権威主義 を批判する 西側諸国 の反体制派は、好んで本作を引用している。

    • Background and Title
    • Plot
    • Characters
    • Setting
    • Themes
    • Sources For Literary Motifs
    • Critical Reception
    • Adaptations in Other Media
    • Translations
    • Cultural Impact

    In 1944, Orwell began work which "encapsulate[d] the thesis at the heart of his... novel", which explored the consequences of dividing the world up into zones of influence, as conjured by the recent Tehran Conference. Three years later, he wrote most of the actual book on the Scottish island of Jura from 1947 to 1948 despite being seriously ill wit...

    In 1984, civilisation has been ravaged by world war, civil conflict, and revolution. Airstrip One (formerly known as Great Britain) is a province of Oceania, one of the three totalitarian super-states that rule the world. It is ruled by "The Party" under the ideology of "Ingsoc" (a Newspeak shortening of "English Socialism") and the mysterious lead...

    Main characters

    1. Winston Smith – the protagonist who is a phlegmatic everymanand is curious about the past before the Revolution. 2. Julia – Winston's lover who is a covert "rebelfrom the waist downwards" who publicly espouses Party doctrine as a member of the fanatical Junior Anti-Sex League. 3. O'Brien– a member of the Inner Party who poses as a member of The Brotherhood, the counter-revolutionary resistance, a spy intending to deceive, trap, and capture Winston and Julia. O'Brien has a servant named Mar...

    Secondary characters

    1. Aaronson, Jones, and Rutherford – former members of the Inner Party whom Winston vaguely remembers as among the original leaders of the Revolution, long before he had heard of Big Brother. They confessed to treasonable conspiracies with foreign powers and were then executed in the political purges of the 1960s. In between their confessions and executions, Winston saw them drinking in the Chestnut Tree Café—with broken noses, suggesting that their confessions had been obtained by torture. L...

    Political geography

    Three perpetually warring totalitariansuperstates control the world in the novel: 1. Oceania (ideology: Ingsoc, known in Oldspeak as English Socialism), whose core territories are "the Americas, the Atlantic Islands, including the British Isles, Australasia and the southern portion of Africa." 2. Eurasia (ideology: Neo-Bolshevism), whose core territories are "the whole of the northern part of the European and Asiatic landmass from Portugal to the Bering Strait." 3. Eastasia (ideology: Obliter...

    Nationalism

    Nineteen Eighty-Four expands upon the subjects summarised in Orwell's essay "Notes on Nationalism" about the lack of vocabulary needed to explain the unrecognised phenomena behind certain political forces. In Nineteen Eighty-Four, the Party's artificial, minimalist language 'Newspeak' addresses the matter. 1. Positive nationalism: For instance, Oceanians' perpetual love for Big Brother. Orwell argues in the essay that ideologies such as Neo-Toryism and Celtic nationalismare defined by their o...

    Futurology

    In the book, Inner Party member O'Brien describes the Party's vision of the future:

    Censorship

    One of the most notable themes in Nineteen Eighty-Four is censorship, especially in the Ministry of Truth, where photographs and public archives are manipulated to rid them of "unpersons" (people who have been erased from history by the Party).On the telescreens, almost all figures of production are grossly exaggerated or simply fabricated to indicate an ever-growing economy, even during times when the reality is the opposite. One small example of the endless censorship is Winston being charg...

    Nineteen Eighty-Four uses themes from life in the Soviet Union and wartime life in Great Britain as sources for many of its motifs. Some time at an unspecified date after the first American publication of the book, producer Sidney Sheldon wrote to Orwell interested in adapting the novel to the Broadway stage. Orwell sold the American stage rights t...

    When it was first published, Nineteen Eighty-Four received critical acclaim. V. S. Pritchett, reviewing the novel for the New Statesman stated: "I do not think I have ever read a novel more frightening and depressing; and yet, such are the originality, the suspense, the speed of writing and withering indignation that it is impossible to put the boo...

    In the same year as the novel's publishing, a one-hour radio adaptation was aired on the United States' NBC radio network as part of the NBC University Theatre series. The first television adaptation appeared as part of CBS's Studio One series in September 1953. BBC Television broadcast an adaptation by Nigel Kneale in December 1954. The first feat...

    The first Simplified Chinese version was published in 1979. It was first available to the general public in China in 1985, as previously it was only in portions of libraries and bookstores open to a limited number of people. Amy Hawkins and Jeffrey Wasserstrom of The Atlantic stated in 2019 that the book is widely available in Mainland China for se...

    The effect of Nineteen Eighty-Four on the English language is extensive; the concepts of Big Brother, Room 101, the Thought Police, thoughtcrime, unperson, memory hole (oblivion), doublethink (simultaneously holding and believing contradictory beliefs) and Newspeak (ideological language) have become common phrases for denoting totalitarian authorit...

    • George Orwell
    • 328
    • 1949
    • 8 June 1949
  4. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › 1984_in_film1984 in film - Wikipedia

    The Philadelphia Experiment, starring Michael Paré and Nancy Allen. Places in the Heart, directed by Robert Benton, starring Sally Field, Danny Glover, John Malkovich, Ed Harris, Lindsay Crouse, Amy Madigan. Police Academy, directed by Hugh Wilson, starring Steve Guttenberg, Kim Cattrall, Bubba Smith.

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