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  1. Church membership, defined as baptised Catholics, was 1.345 billion at the end of 2019, which is 18% of the world population. Brazil has the largest Catholic population in the world, followed by Mexico, the Philippines, and the United States. Catholics represent about half of all Christians.

  2. Roman Catholic is a term sometimes used to differentiate members of the Catholic Church in full communion with the pope in Rome from other Christians who also self-identify as " Catholic ".

    • Structure
    • History
    • References

    The main Latin archdiocese is the Archdiocese of Bucharest, a metropolitan bishopric for the entire country, directly overseeing the regions of Muntenia, Northern Dobruja and Oltenia; it has around 52,000 parishioners, most of them Romanians. The other diocese of its rank, the Archdiocese of Alba Iulia (in Alba Iulia), groups the region of Transylvania-proper (without Maramureş and Crişana), and has around 480,000 mostly Hungarian parishioners. Four other dioceses function in Romania and are based, respectively, in Timișoara (the Diocese of Timișoara, representing the Banat), Oradea (the Diocese of Oradea, for Crişana), Satu Mare (the Diocese of Satu Mare, for Maramureş), and Iaşi (the Diocese of Iaşi, for Moldavia). The Church presently runs a faculty of theology (as part of the Babeş-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca), four theological institutes, six medical schools and sixteen seminaries (see Religious education in Romania). Among the journals issued by Catholic institutions are...

    Medieval period

    The oldest traces of Catholic activities on present-day Romanian territory were recorded in Transylvania, in connection to the extension of Magyar rule and the region's integration into the Kingdom of Hungary (see History of Transylvania). Inaugurated by the early presence of Benedictines, these were strengthened by the colonization of Transylvanian Saxons, as well as by missionary activities among the local Vlach (Romanian) population and forceful conversions. The Diocese of Alba Iulia (Gyul...

    The impact of Reformation

    Following the 1526 Battle of Mohács, during which the Ottomans conquered much of Hungary, leaving Transylvania under the rule of local Princes (see Ottoman Hungary), Roman Catholicism entered a period of regression, and was later confronted with the success of Reformation. The first community to embrace a Protestant creed were the Transylvanian Saxons, most of whom adhered to the Lutheran Augsburg Confession as early as 1547, followed soon after by large groups of the Hungarian population, wh...

    17th century setbacks and recovery

    Coinciding with the Habsburg offensives, religious conflicts were resumed and, in 1601 Bishop Demeter Napragy was forced out of Alba Iulia, with the see being confiscated by Protestants (although bishops continued to be appointed, they resided abroad).By 1690, Roman Catholics were a minority in Transylvania. In parallel, Hungary-proper was integrated into Habsburg domains (1622), which created a new base for Counter-Reformation, as well as a local seat for the Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda...

    Constantin C. Giurescu, Istoria Bucureştilor. Din cele mai vechi timpuri pînă în zilele noastre, Editura Pentru Literatură, Bucharest, 1966. OCLC 1279610
    (in Romanian) Dumitru Preda, Marius Bucur, "România – Vatican. 80 ani de relaţii diplomatice", in Magazin Istoric, May 2000
    Ştefan Ştefănescu, Istoria medie a României, Vol. I, Bucharest, 1991
    • Characteristics
    • Where The Word Catholic Came from
    • Groups Who Call Themselves "Catholic"
    • History
    • Religious Beliefs

    The word "Catholicism" refers to many things, including its religious beliefs (called theologies and "doctrines"), and its form of religious worship (called liturgies). The word also refers to Catholic religious beliefs about ethics(things that are right and wrong). It also refers to the ways that members of the Catholic religion live and practice their religion. Many people use the word Catholicism to talk about religious beliefs of the Catholic Church, whose leader is called the "Bishop of Rome" and often called the "Pope". The Catholic Church is based in the Vatican City, a small independent country in the city of Rome, Italy. Sometimes the word also refers to beliefs of other Christian churches, including the Eastern Orthodox Churches, who have many beliefs similar to the Catholic Church, but do not believe the Bishop of Rome is their leader. The word Catholicism is often used to tell the difference between the beliefs of Catholic Christians and the beliefs of others called Prot...

    The oldest document that uses the name "Catholic Church" is a letter written by a man named Ignatius. Ignatius lived in the ancient city of Antioch. In the year 107, Ignatius wrote a letter addressed to the Christian community in the ancient city of Smyrna. In this letter, Ignatius encouraged the Christian Community to be loyal to their leader, the Bishop. Ignatius wrote:

    Many different denominations (groups) of Christians call themselves "catholic". Often these groups have special beliefs about their leaders, called bishops. They believe Jesus of Nazareth (whom Christians believe is the Son of God) appointed the first bishops, who appointed future bishops, who eventually appointed each community's current bishops. This appointing of leaders is called "Apostolic Succession". The groups that use the term "Catholic" to talk about themselves are the: 1. Catholic Church, which is also called the Roman Catholic Church. 2. Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox 3. Old Catholic, Anglican, and some Lutheranand other groups 4. Communities that believe they lost their "Apostolic Succession", but asked a different community to "ordain" new leaders for them. ("Ordain" or consecrate" is a word for the ceremony that makes a bishop or new religious leader.) Not all communities believe that other communities use the term "catholic" properly. Also, not all communitie...

    How it was started

    Catholicism was started as a result of Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish man whom Christians believe is the Son of God, a Christian belief known as the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). Catholics believe Jesus to be a descendant of David, a Jewish king from a long time ago. Jesus was crucified by the Romans in the year 33 AD. Catholics believe Jesus rose from the dead, and spoke to his followers, called the twelve Apostles. They also believe that Jesus rose into Heaven, and then sent the Holy...

    Quarrels within the church

    In time, several groups split off from the Catholic Church because of differing opinions of theology. This caused breaks from the Church called schisms. Most schisms happened because people had different beliefs about what is true. In 451, a church division happened when all the church leaders meeting at the Church Council in the city of Chalcedon excommunicated (cut off) three leaders, because they held to monophysitism and would not accept the view that Jesus had two natures (fully divine a...

    The same aspects of Catholic and other Christians

    1. The Ten Commandment 2. The belief that God knows everything, that God has unlimited power, and that everything God does is good 3. The belief that Jesus Christdied for the sins of the world, rose again, and one day "will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead." 4. The importance of worshipping God. 5. The infallibility of the bible

    What is different from Eastern Orthodox Christians

    1. The supremacy of the Bishop of Rome(also known as the pope) 2. the Filioque clause(Nicene creed)

    What is different from mainstream Protestants

    1. Catholics believe in the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist (this is called Transubstantiation). 2. Roman Catholics believe God forgives sins through the sacrament of reconciliation (penance), which is performed through a priest, while most Protestants do not believe in the sacrament. 3. Roman Catholics believe it is important to live by Scripture and Tradition, which the teaching of the Church's Magisterium (the bishops in communion with the Pope) come from, while most Protestants b...

  3. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Converts to Roman Catholicism from Protestantism. This category may inappropriately label persons . See Wikipedia:Categorization of people for advice on how to apply categorization to articles relating to people.

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