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Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox (21 September 1516 – 4 September 1571) was a leader of the Catholic nobility in Scotland. He was the paternal grandfather of King James VI of Scotland and I of England .
Matthew, 4th Earl of Lennox spent most of his early years in France. He left Scotland in 1526 at the age of ten after his father had been killed by James Hamilton of Finnart, the illegitimate son of the Earl of Arran. There was rivalry enough between the Hamiltons and the Lennox Stuarts, who competed in their claims to be heirs to the Stewarts on ...
Charles Stewart, Earl of Lennox (1555–1576), second son of the 4th Earl of the second creation. Earls of Lennox, fourth creation (1578) [ edit ] Robert Stewart, Earl of Lennox , "exchanged" for the Earldom of March in 1580, second son of the third Earl of the second creation.
When Matthew Stewart 4th Earl of Lennox was born on 21 September 1516, in Dumbarton, Dunbartonshire, Scotland, his father, Sir John Stewart 3rd Earl of Lennox, was 21 and his mother, Lady Elizabeth Stewart of Attoll Ross, was 22. He married Margaret Douglas Countess of Lennox on 6 July 1544, in Saint James's Palace, London, England.
- Margaret Douglas Countess of Lennox
12/10/2021 · Other articles where Matthew Stewart, 4th earl of Lennox is discussed: Margaret Douglas, countess of Lennox: …Stewart (1516–71), 4th Earl of Lennox. Because of her nearness to the English crown, Lady Margaret Douglas was brought up chiefly at the English court in close association with Princess Mary (afterward Queen Mary I), who remained her fast friend throughout life.
- Father of The King and Regency.
- Marriage and Children
- Conflict with Regent Arran 1543-1547
In August 1548 he made four promises to Mary of Guise in order for her assent to her daughter’s French marriage. These were; that he and his friends and retainers would preserve the Catholic faith in Scotland; they would guard the Auld Alliance; Guise would remain guardian of the Queen; and he would punish all who supported the king of England.HMC, 9th report part 2, Alfred Morrison, (1884), 414-5. He returned to Scotland upon Elizabeth I of England’s urging during the marriage negotiations of Mary, Queen of Scots, in 1564. He quickly took up his position as the most powerful lord in the Glasgow area and was instrumental in the marriage of his son, Lord Darnley, to Mary. Whether Elizabeth had intended this (in order to eliminate the threat of a continental marriage), as is sometimes conjectured, remains doubtful. Elizabeth reacted with disapproval and had Lennox’s wife confined in the Tower of London. By August 1565, William Cecil had heard that Darnley’s insolence had driven Lennox...
In 1544, he married Lady Margaret Douglas, who had a claim to the English throne. Their children were Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, born 1545 at Temple Newsam, who eventually married Mary, Queen of Scots; and Charles Stewart, future Earl of Lennox, born in 1556 and died in 1576, who married Elizabeth Cavendish in 1574. Elizabeth was the daughter of William Cavendish and Bess of Hardwick. Matthew’s grandchildren were; by Henry, James VI of Scotland and I of England; and by Charles, Lady Arbella Stuart.
He spent most of his youth in exile in England, but returned to Scotland to assert his claims to the line of succession when James V died in 1542. At the time of the king’s death in 1542, Lennox possessed a strong claim to the throne of Scotland should Mary, Queen of Scots, an infant, pass away childless. He was James V’s second cousin once removed, being a great-grandson of Mary Stewart, Countess of Arran, James II’s daughter, through her daughter, Elizabeth Hamilton. However, the Earl of Arran, James Hamilton, was descended from a son of the Countess of Arran, and thus held the stronger claim. As a result, Lennox was at best third in line of succession, and really behind Arran’s sons. Arran was made Regent of Scotland In 1543, Lennox’s supporters challenged Arran’s claim and legitimacy by suggesting that his father’s divorce and second marriage were invalid.Dickinson, Gladys, ed., Two Missions of de la Brosse, Scottish History Society (1942), 7-8, 19: Calendar State Papers Scotlan...
4th Earl of Lennox, England, Henry Stuart, Henry VII of England, Leeds, Lord Darnley, Mary I of Scotland, Mary Queen of Scots, Mary Stuart's, Matthew Stewart. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (December 7, 1545 – February 10, 1567) was the second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots. From his marriage in 1565, he was king consort of Scotland.