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  1. HMS Racehorse was an 18-gun ship-rigged (i.e. three-masted) sloop of the Royal Navy.Originally the French ship Marquis de Vaudreuil, she was captured by the Royal Navy in 1757 and refitted as a survey vessel for the 1773 Phipps expedition towards the North Pole.

  2. › wiki › Horse_racingHorse racing - Wikipedia

    Horse racing in Palio di Legnano 2013. Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance, for competition. It is one of the most ancient of all sports, as its basic premise – to identify which of two or more horses is the fastest ...

    • Yes
    • Generally regulated by assorted national or regional governing bodies
    • Geschichte
    • Beschreibung
    • Literatur

    Die Schiffe wurden zwischen 1997 und 2000 auf der Werft Astilleros Espanoles (AESA) in Sevilla, Spanien, für Cenargo International gebaut. Die ersten beiden Einheiten kamen für die zu Cenargo International gehörende Reederei Merchant Ferries zwischen Liverpool und Dublin in Fahrt (die zuerst gebaute Dawn Merchant nach einem kurzen Chartereinsatz bei Und RoRo im Mittelmeer zwischen Istanbul und Triest). Ab April 2002 fuhren sie für die durch die Verschmelzung von Merchant Ferries und Norse Irish Ferries entstandene Reederei Norse Merchant Ferries. Die letzten beiden Einheiten wurden an die Reederei Norfolk Line verchartert, die sie zwischen Dover und Dunkerqueeinsetzte. Ende 2005 wurde Norse Merchant Ferries von Mærsk übernommen. Die teilweise an andere Reedereien vercharterten Schiffe wurden der Norfolk Line zugeordnet. In den Folgejahren wurden die ursprünglich nach Rennpferden benannten Schiffe verkauft. Sie sind weiterhin im Einsatz. Das als Brave Merchantgebaute Schiff wurde 201...

    Die Schiffe werden von vier Viertakt-Neunzylinder-Dieselmotoren des Herstellers Wärtsilä (Typ: 9L38) mit jeweils 5940 kW Leistung angetrieben. Je zwei Motoren sind in einem Maschinenraum untergebracht. Sie wirken jeweils paarweise über Untersetzungsgetriebe auf einen Verstellpropeller. Für die Stromerzeugung stehen vier von den Hauptmotoren angetriebene Wellengeneratoren, je zwei mit 1400 kW bzw. 640 kW Leistung, und zwei Generatoren, die von Wärtsilä-Dieselmotoren (Typ: 6L20) mit 880 kW Leistung angetrieben werden, zur Verfügung. Die Schiffe sind mit zwei Bugstrahlrudern ausgestattet. Sie verfügen über einen Stabilisator mit Schlingertanks. Die Schiffe sind mit zwei Fahrzeugdecks – Deck 3 und Deck 5 – mit zusammen rund 2000 Spurmetern ausgerüstet. Auf Deck 3, dem Hauptdeck, stehen rund 875 Spurmeter mit sechs Fahrspuren und auf dem darüberliegenden Deck 5 rund 1075 Spurmeter mit acht Fahrspuren zur Verfügung. Die Fahrzeugdecks sind für 45 t schwere Fahrzeuge ausgelegt. Das Hauptdec...

    Dawn Merchant: fast ro-pax ferry for new service. In: Significant Ships 1998. The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, 1999, S. 38–39, ISBN 0-903055-43-0.

    • 1997 bis 2000
    • Astilleros Espanoles S.A. (AESA), Sevilla, Spanien
  3. › wiki › ThoroughbredThoroughbred - Wikipedia

    • Breed Characteristics
    • Terminology
    • History
    • Registration, Breeding, and Population
    • Value
    • Uses
    • Health Issues
    • See Also
    • External Links

    The typical Thoroughbred ranges from 15.2 to 17.0 hands (62 to 68 inches, 157 to 173 cm) high, averaging 16 hands (64 inches, 163 cm). They are most often bay, dark bay or brown, chestnut, black, or gray. Less common colors recognized in the United States include roan and palomino. White is very rare, but is a recognized color separate from gray. The face and lower legs may be marked with white, but white will generally not appear on the body. Coat patterns that have more than one color on the body, such as Pinto or Appaloosa, are not recognized by mainstream breed registries. Good-quality Thoroughbreds have a well-chiseled head on a long neck, high withers, a deep chest, a short back, good depth of hindquarters, a lean body, and long legs.Thoroughbreds are classified among the "hot-blooded" breeds, which are animals bred for agility and speed and are generally considered spirited and bold. Thoroughbreds born in the Northern Hemisphere are officially considered a year older on the f...

    The Thoroughbred is a distinct breed of horse, although people sometimes refer to a purebred horse of any breed as a thoroughbred. The term for any horse or other animal derived from a single breed line is purebred. While the term probably came into general use because the English Thoroughbred's General Stud Book was one of the first breed registries created, in modern usage horse breeders consider it incorrect to refer to any animal as a thoroughbred except for horses belonging to the Thoroughbred breed. Nonetheless, breeders of other species of purebred animals may use the two terms interchangeably, though thoroughbred is less often used for describing purebred animals of other species. The term is a proper noun referring to this specific breed, though often not capitalized, especially in non-specialist publications, and outside the US. For example, the Australian Stud Book, The New York Times, and the BBCdo not capitalize the word.

    Later development in Britain

    By the end of the 18th century, the English Classic races had been established. These are the St. Leger Stakes, founded in 1776, The Oaks, founded in 1779, and The Derby in 1780. Later, the 2,000 Guineas Stakes and the 1,000 Guineas Stakes were founded in 1809 and 1814. The 1,000 Guineas and the Oaks are restricted to fillies, but the others are open to racehorses of either sex aged three years. The distances of these races, ranging from one mile (1.6 km) to 1.75 miles (2.82 km), led to a cha...

    In America

    The first Thoroughbred horse in the American Colonies was Bulle Rock, imported in 1730. Maryland and Virginia were the centers of Colonial Thoroughbred breeding, along with South Carolina and New York. During the American Revolution importations of horses from England practically stopped but were restarted after the signing of a peace treaty. Two important stallions were imported around the time of the Revolution; Messenger in 1788 and Diomed before that. Messenger left little impact on the A...

    In Europe

    Thoroughbreds began to be imported to France in 1817 and 1818 with the importation of a number of stallions from England, but initially the sport of horse racing did not prosper in France. The first Jockey Club in France was not formed until 1833, and in 1834 the racing and regulation functions were split off to a new society, the Société d'Encouragement pour l'Amélioration des Races de Chevaux en France, better known as the Jockey-Club de Paris. The French Stud Book was founded at the same t...

    The number of Thoroughbred foals registered each year in North America varies greatly, chiefly linked to the success of the auction market which in turn depends on the state of the economy. The foal crop was over 44,000 in 1990, but declined to roughly 22,500 by 2014. The largest numbers are registered in the states of Kentucky, Florida and California.[notes 3] Australia is the second largest producer of Thoroughbreds in the world with almost 30,000 broodmares producing about 18,250 foals annually. Britain produces about 5,000 foals a year, and worldwide, there are more than 195,000 active broodmares, or females being used for breeding, and 118,000 newly registered foals in 2006 alone. The Thoroughbred industry is a large agribusiness, generating around $34 billion in revenue annually in the United States and providing about 470,000 jobs through a network of farms, training centers, and race tracks. Unlike a significant number of registered breeds today, a horse cannot be registered...

    Prices of Thoroughbreds vary greatly, depending on age, pedigree, conformation, and other market factors. In 2007, Keeneland Sales, a United States-based sales company, sold 9,124 horses at auction, with a total value of $814,401,000, which gives an average price of $89,259. As a whole for the United States in 2007, The Jockey Club auction statistics indicated that the average weanling sold for $44,407, the average yearling sold for $55,300, average sale price for two-year-olds was $61,843, broodmares averaged $70,150, and horses over two and broodmare prospects sold for an average of $53,243. For Europe, the July 2007 Tattersall's Sale sold 593 horses at auction, with a total for the sale of 10,951,300 guineas, for an average of 18,468 guineas. Also in 2007, Doncaster Bloodstock Sales, another British sales firm, sold 2,248 horses for a total value of 43,033,881 guineas, making an average of 15,110 guineas per horse. Australian prices at auction during the 2007-2008 racing and bree...

    Although the Thoroughbred is primarily bred for racing, the breed is also used for show jumping and combined training because of its athleticism, and many retired and retrained race horses become fine family riding horses, dressage horses, and youth show horses. The larger horses are sought after for hunter/jumper and dressage competitions, whereas the smaller horses are in demand as poloponies.

    Although Thoroughbreds are seen in the hunter-jumperworld and in other disciplines, modern Thoroughbreds are primarily bred for speed, and racehorses have a very high rate of accidents as well as other health problems. One tenth of all Thoroughbreds suffer orthopedic problems, including fractures. Current estimates indicate that there are 1.5 career-ending breakdowns for every 1,000 horses starting a race in the United States, an average of two horses per day. The state of California reported a particularly high rate of injury, 3.5 per 1000 starts. Other countries report lower rates of injury, with the United Kingdom having 0.9 injuries/1,000 starts (1990–1999) and the courses in Victoria, Australia, producing a rate of 0.44 injuries/1,000 starts (1989–2004). Thoroughbreds also have other health concerns, including a majority of animals who are prone to bleeding from the lungs (exercise induced pulmonary hemorrhage), 10% with low fertility, and 5% with abnormally small hearts. Thoro...

    • England
    • Tall, slim, athletic horse, used for racing and many equestrian sports
  4. › wiki › HorseHorse - Wikipedia

    Horse Conservation status Domesticated Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Perissodactyla Family: Equidae Genus: Equus Species: E. ferus Subspecies: E. f. caballus Trinomial name Equus ferus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms at least 48 published The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is a domesticated one-toed hoofed mammal. It belongs to the taxonomic ...

  5. › wiki › Troy_(horse)Troy (horse) - Wikipedia

    Troy (25 March 1976 – 12 May 1983) was an Irish-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career that lasted from 1978 to 1979, he ran eleven times and won eight races. He is most notable for his form in the summer of 1979, when he won the 200th running of the Derby and subsequently added victories in the Irish Derby , the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes and the ...