Metaphysical naturalism is the philosophical basis of science as described by Kate and Vitaly (2000). "There are certain philosophical assumptions made at the base of the scientific method – namely, 1) that reality is objective and consistent, 2) that humans have the capacity to perceive reality accurately, and that 3) rational explanations exist for elements of the real world.
Philosophy of science is a branch of philosophy concerned with the foundations, methods, and implications of science. The central questions of this study concern what qualifies as science , the reliability of scientific theories, and the ultimate purpose of science.
The history of science covers the development of science from ancient times to the present. It encompasses all three major branches of science: natural, social, and formal. The earliest roots of science can be traced to Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in around 3000 to 1200 BCE.
08/07/2002 · 1. Preliminaries. Three preliminary comments are needed. Firstly, there has been a great deal of debate in recent philosophy about the relationship between realism, construed as a metaphysical doctrine, and doctrines in the theory of meaning and philosophy of language concerning the nature of truth and its role in accounts of linguistic understanding (see Dummett 1978 and Devitt 1991a for ...
A number of individuals have suggested that much or all of metaphysics should be rejected, a meta-metaphysical position known as metaphysical deflationism or ontological deflationism.  In the 16th century, Francis Bacon rejected scholastic metaphysics, and argued strongly for what is now called empiricism , being seen later as the father of modern empirical science.
The concept of natural selection originally developed in the absence of a valid theory of heredity; at the time of Darwin's writing, science had yet to develop modern theories of genetics. The union of traditional Darwinian evolution with subsequent discoveries in classical genetics formed the modern synthesis of the mid-20th century.
Un libro electrónico,  libro digital o ciberlibro, conocido en inglés como e-book o eBook, es la publicación electrónica o digital de un libro.Es importante diferenciar el libro electrónico o digital de uno de los dispositivos más popularizados para su lectura: el lector de libros electrónicos, o e-reader, en su versión inglesa.