Opechancanough (/ oʊ p ə ˈ tʃ æ n k ə n oʊ /; 1554–1646) was paramount chief of the Powhatan Confederacy in present-day Virginia from 1618 until his death. He had been a leader in the confederacy formed by his older brother Powhatan, from whom he inherited the paramountcy.
02/03/2021 · Opchanacanough took no action, claiming his man had been justly killed (though whether he meant this is debated), and letting the event go. The Massacre At about that same time, he and his brother Opitchapam took “war names” in preparation for the attack and called on the tribes to participate in a ceremony honoring the life of Wahunsenacah.
Opchanacanough became the greater Native power in the region. Upon the death of Wahunsunacock in 1618, his next younger brother Opitchapam officially became paramount chief . However, Opchanacanough, the youngest brother, had achieved the greatest power and effectively became the Powhatan.
25/02/2021 · Opchanacanough was caged in Jamestown and displayed for visitors as a curiosity until he was shot in the back by his guard, against orders from Berkeley, in 1646 CE. The chief’s death ended the Third Powhatan War, and peace was formalized by the signing of the Treaty of 1646 between Opchanacanough’s successor Necotowance and Governor Berkeley.
The Powhatan Confederacy was where English colonists established their first permanent settlement in North America. Conflicts began immediately between the Powhatan people and English colonists; the colonists fired shots as soon as they arrived (due to a bad experience they had with the Spanish prior to their arrival).
Robert Williams, a 21st-century Native American law professor, argues that Opchanacanough had secured concessions from Governor Yeardley which the company would not accept. Thus, Opchanacanough's attack, on 18 April 1622, may have been a pre-emptive attempt to defeat the colony before reinforcements arrived.: 213–217
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