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  1. › wiki › CrocodiliaCrocodilia - Wikipedia

    Hace 1 día · Crocodilia (or Crocodylia, both / krɒkəˈdɪliə /) is an order of mostly large, predatory, semiaquatic reptiles, known as crocodilians. They first appeared 95 million years ago in the Late Cretaceous period ( Cenomanian stage) and are the closest living relatives of birds, as the two groups are the only known survivors of the Archosauria.

  2. › wiki › BrazilBrazil - Wikipedia

    Hace 16 horas · Including its Atlantic islands, Brazil lies between latitudes 6°N and 34°S, and longitudes 28° and 74°W. [14] Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world, and third largest in the Americas, with a total area of 8,515,767.049 km 2 (3,287,956 sq mi), [171] including 55,455 km 2 (21,411 sq mi) of water.

  3. › wiki › GuamGuam - Wikipedia

    Hace 16 horas · Indigenous Guamanians are the Chamoru, historically known as the Chamorro, who are related to the Austronesian peoples of Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, Micronesia, and Polynesia. As of 2021, Guam's population is 168,801. Chamoros are the largest ethnic group, but a minority on the multi-ethnic island.

  4. Hace 16 horas · A large, conic apple. Light yellow-green skin strewn with white dots, occasionally with a faint reddish orange blush. Light pink to deep red flesh is crisp, sweet and mildly tart. Eating Akane: Japan 1970 Jonathan × Worcester Pearmain. Tangy taste. Eating Åkerö: Sweden 1759? Apple is egg-shaped, medium to large in size, sweet and aromatic.

  5. › wiki › AdivasiAdivasi - Wikipedia

    • Definition and Etymology
    • Demographics
    • History
    • Adivasi Languages
    • Adivasi Literature
    • Religion
    • Education
    • Economy
    • Tribal Classification Criteria and Demands
    • Notable Adivasis

    Adivasi is the collective term for the Tribes of the Indian subcontinent, who are considered to be the indigenous people of India. prior to the Dravidians and Indo-Aryans. It refers to "any of various ethnic groups considered to be the original inhabitants of the Indian subcontinent." However, Tribal and Adivasi have different meanings. Tribal mean...

    A substantial list of Scheduled Tribes in India are recognised as tribal under the Constitution of India. Tribal people constitute 8.6% of India's population and 1.1% of Bangladesh's, One concentration lies in a belt along the northwest Himalayas: consisting of Jammu and Kashmir, where are found many semi-nomadic groups, to Ladakh and northern Hima...


    Though claimed to be the original inhabitants of India, many present-day Adivasi communities formed after the decline of the Indus Valley civilisation, harboring various degrees of ancestry from ancient hunter-gatherers, Indus Valley civilisation, Austroasiatic, Indo-Aryan, and Tibeto-Burmanlanguage speakers.

    Ancient & medieval period

    Although considered uncivilised and primitive, Adivasis were usually not held to be intrinsically impure by surrounding (usually Dravidian or Indo-Aryan) populations, unlike Dalits, who were.[note 1] Thus, the Adivasi origins of Valmiki, who composed the Ramayana, were acknowledged, as were the origins of Adivasi tribes such as the Garasia and Bhilala, which descended from mixed Rajput and Bhil marriages. Unlike the subjugation of the Dalits, the Adivasis often enjoyed autonomy and, depending...

    British period

    During the period of British rule, the colonial administration encroached upon the adivasi tribal system, which led to widespread resentment against the British among the tribesmen. The tribesmen frequently supported rebellions or rebelled themselves, while their raja looked negatively upon the British administrative innovations. Beginning in the 18th century, the British added to the consolidation of feudalism in India, first under the Jagirdari system and then under the zamindari system. Be...

    Tribal languages can be categorised into five linguistic groupings, namely Andamanese; Austro-Asiatic; Dravidian; Indo-Aryan; and Sino-Tibetan.

    Adivasi literature is the literature composed by the tribals of the Indian subcontinent. It is composed in more than 100 languages. The tradition of tribal literature includes oral literature and written literature in tribal languages ​​and non-tribal languages. The basic feature of tribal literature is the presence of tribal philosophy in it. Prom...

    The religious practices of Adivasis communities mostly resemble various shades of Hinduism. In the census of India from 1871 to 1941, tribals have been counted in different religions from other religions, 1891 (forest tribe), 1901 (animist), 1911 (tribal animist), 1921 (hill and forest tribe), 1931 (primitive tribe), 1941 (tribes), However, since t...

    Tribal communities in India are the least educationally developed. First generation learners have to face social, psychological and cultural barriers to get education. This has been one of the reasons for poor performance of tribal students in schools. Poor literacy rate since independence has resulted in absence of tribals in academia and higher e...

    Most tribes are concentrated in heavily forested areas that combine inaccessibility with limited political or economic significance. Historically, the economy of most tribes was subsistence agriculture or hunting and gathering. Tribal members traded with outsiders for the few necessities they lacked, such as salt and iron. A few local Hindu craftsm...

    The criteria presently followed for specification of a community as a Scheduled Tribe are : (i) indications of primitive traits, (ii) distinctive culture, (iii) geographical isolation, (iv) shyness of contact with the community at large, and (v) backwardness. Population complexities, and the controversies surrounding ethnicity and language in India...


    1. Motiravan Kangali(1949–2015) – Linguist 2. Sonajharia Minz- Computer Scientist 3. Pandit Raghunath Murmu– Ol Chiki (Santali) script creator, writer, activist 4. Lako Bodra– Varang Kshiti script creator, writer, activist 5. Rohidas Singh Nag-Mundari Bani script creator, linguist 6. Mahendra Nath Sardar- Ol Onal (Bhumij) script creator, writer 7. Ganga Sahay Meena - Founder Editor of Adivasi Sahitya, Writer,Academician

    Tribal researchers

    1. Virginius Xaxa- Deputy Director, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Guwahati Campus 2. Javaid RahiTribal author, researcher from Jammu and Kashmir

    Independence movement

    1. Raghoji Bhangare(1805 - 1845) 2. Komaram Bheem(1901–1940) – Independence fighter 3. Tantia Bhil 4. Thalakkal Chanthu 5. Rani Gaidinliu(1915–1993) – Political leader, Independence fighter 6. Ramji Gond 7. Gunda Dhur- Freedom fighter 8. Baba Tilka Majhi( d. 1784) – Independence fighter 9. Birsa Munda(1875–1900) – Independence activist 10. Sidhu and Kanhu Murmu– Independence activists 11. Jirpa Laya 12. Bhima Nayak 13. Laxman Nayak(1899–1943) – Independence activist 14. Alluri Sitarama Raju 1...

  6. 09/08/2022 · miṣr, the arabic and modern official name of egypt ( egyptian arabic: maṣr ), is of semitic origin, directly cognate with other semitic words for egypt such as the hebrew מִצְרַיִם ( mitzráyim ), literally meaning "the two straits" (a reference to the dynastic separation of upper and lower egypt). [unreliable source?][ 13] the word originally …