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  1. L'ordre de la Légion d'honneur, institué par la loi du 29 floréal an X (19 mai 1802) prise en application de l' article 87 de la Constitution du 22 frimaire an VIII (13 décembre 1799) [d], est une communauté constituée de tous ses membres, dotée d'un nom, d'un sceau, d'un statut [e], d'un patrimoine, et d'une personnalité juridique de droit public.

    • Militaires ou civils
    • Ordre honorifique civil et militaire
    • Toujours décerné
    • France
  2. La Orden Nacional de la Legión de Honor es la más conocida e importante de las distinciones francesas. Fue establecida por el emperador Napoleón I de Francia en 1804. La orden se concede a hombres y mujeres, ya sean franceses o extranjeros, por méritos extraordinarios realizados dentro del ámbito civil o militar en ese país.

    • Personal civil y militar
    • Excelente conducta civil o hechos de guerra excepcionales tras investigación oficial
    • Se entrega actualmente
    • Orden de cinco grados
    • History
    • Organization
    • Classes and Insignia
    • Gallery
    • See Also
    • External Links

    Consulate

    During the French Revolution, all of the French orders of chivalry were abolished and replaced with Weapons of Honour. It was the wish of Napoleon Bonaparte, the First Consul, to create a reward to commend civilians and soldiers. From this wish was instituted a Légion d'honneur, a body of men that was not an order of chivalry, for Napoleon believed that France wanted a recognition of merit rather than a new system of nobility. However, the Légion d'honneur did use the organization of the old...

    First Empire

    In a decree issued on the 10 Pluviôse XIII (30 January 1805), a grand decoration was instituted. This decoration, a cross on a large sash and a silver star with an eagle, symbol of the Napoleonic Empire, became known as the Grand aigle (Grand Eagle), and later in 1814 as the Grand cordon (big sash, literally "big ribbon"). After Napoleon crowned himself Emperor of the French in 1804 and established the Napoleonic nobility in 1808, award of the Légion d'honneur gave right to the title of "Knig...

    Restoration of the Bourbon King of France in 1814

    Louis XVIII changed the appearance of the order, but it was not abolished. To have done so would have angered the 35,000 to 38,000 members. The images of Napoleon and his eagle were removed and replaced by the image of King Henry IV, the popular first king of the Bourbon line. Three Bourbon fleurs-de-lys replaced the eagle on the reverse of the order. A king's crown replaced the imperial crown. In 1816, the grand cordons were renamed grand crosses and the legionnaires became knights. The king...

    Legal status and leadership

    The Legion of Honour is a national order of France, meaning a public incorporated body. The Legion is regulated by a civil law code, the "Code of the Legion of Honour and of the Military Medal". While the President of the French Republic is the Grand Master of the order, day-to-day running is entrusted to the Grand Chancery (Grande Chancellerie de la Légion d'honneur).

    Membership

    There are five classes in the Legion of Honour: 1. Chevalier(Knight): minimum 20 years of public service or 25 years of professional activity with "eminent merits" 2. Officier (Officer): minimum 8 years in the rank of Chevalier 3. Commandeur (Commander): minimum 5 years in the rank of Officier 4. Grand officier (Grand Officer): minimum 3 years in the rank of Commandeur 5. Grand-croix (Grand Cross): minimum 3 years in the rank of Grand-officier The "eminent merits" required to be awarded the o...

    The order has had five levels since the reign of King Louis XVIII, who restored the order in 1815. Since the reform, the following distinctions have existed: 1. Three ranks: 1.1. Chevalier(Knight): badge worn on left breast suspended from ribbon 1.2. Officier (Officer): badge worn on left breast suspended from a ribbon with a rosette 1.3. Commandeu...

    Original Légionnaireinsignia, the first ever model (1804).
    Late Empire Légionnaireinsignia: the front features Napoleon's profile and the rear, the imperial Eagle. An imperial crown joins the cross and the ribbon.
    Louis XVIII era (1814) Knight insignia: the front features Henry IV's profile and the rear, the arms of the French Kingdom (three fleurs-de-lis). A royal crown joins the cross and the ribbon.
    Reverse of a Second Republic cross, with two crossed French flags.
    List of Légion d'honneurrecipients by name
    List of British recipients of the Légion d'Honneurfor the Crimean War
    List of foreign recipients of the Légion d'Honneur
    • Excellent civil or military conduct, delivered, upon official investigation
    • Honneur et patrie ("Honour and Fatherland")
  3. Lists of Légion d'honneur recipients. The French government gives out the Legion of Honour awards, to both French [1] and foreign [2] nationals, based on a recipient's exemplary services rendered to France, or to the causes supported by France.

  4. Les deux souverains ont échangé leurs ordres respectifs : Napoléon Ierporte l'écharpe bleue de l'ordre de Saint-Andrétandis qu'Alexandre Ierarbore l'écharpe rouge de la Légion d'honneur. Cet article dresse la liste des personnes ayant été élevées à la dignité de grand-croixde la Légion d'honneur, par année d'obtention.