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1. ### en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Percentage_pointPercentage point - Wikipedia

A percentage point or percent point is the unit for the arithmetic difference of two percentages. For example, moving up from 40 percent to 44 percent is an increase of 4 percentage points, but a 10-percent increase in the quantity being measured. 

2. ### en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Percentage_in_pointPercentage in point - Wikipedia

In finance, specifically in foreign exchange markets, a percentage in point or price interest point (pip) is a unit of change in an exchange rate of a currency pair. The major currencies (except the Japanese yen ) are traditionally priced to four decimal places, and a pip is one unit of the fourth decimal place: for dollar currencies this is to 1/100 of a cent .

4. ### es.wikipedia.org › wiki › Porcentaje_en_puntosPorcentaje en puntos - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

• Valor de Cotización
• Ejemplo
• Pips fraccionales

Un cambio en el tipo de cambio de un punto puede estar relacionado con el cambio de valor de una posición en un mercado de divisas. La divisa se negocia normalmente en lotes de 100 000 unidades de la moneda base. Una posición de un lote que experimenta un cambio en el tipo de 1 pip por lo tanto cambia de valor en 10 unidades de la divisa cotizada u otro instrumento.​

Si en el par de divisas del euro y el dólar estadounidense(EUR/USD) se negocia a un tipo de cambio de 1,3000 (1 EUR = 1,3 USD) y el tipo de cambio cambia a 1,3010, el tipo de cambio ha aumentado en 10 pips. En este ejemplo, si un operador compra 5 lotes estándar (es decir, 5 × 100 000 = 500 000) de EUR/USD, paga 650 000 USD y cierra la posición tras la apreciación de 10 pips, el operador recibirá 650 500 USD con una ganancia de 500 USD (es decir, 500 000 USD (5 lotes estándar) × 0,0010 = 500 USD). La mayor parte de la actividad minorista de los especuladores se lleva a cabo en cuentas de margen, requiriendo sólo un pequeño porcentaje (típicamente el 1 %) del precio de compra como capital para la transacción. El yen es una excepción a esta regla debido a que su valor frente al dólar estadounidense es de 0,01.

Las plataformas electrónicas de trading han traído mayor transparencia de precios y competencia de precios a los mercados de divisas.​ Varias plataformas de tradinghan extendido la precisión de cotización para la mayoría de los principales pares de divisas en un punto decimal adicional; las tasas se muestran en 1/10 pips.

5. ### en.wikipedia.org › wiki › PercentagePercentage - Wikipedia

• Overview
• Examples
• History
• Percent sign
• Calculations
• Percentage increase and decrease

In mathematics, a percentage (from Latin per centum "by a hundred") is a number or ratio expressed as a fraction of 100. It is often denoted using the percent sign, "%", although the abbreviations "pct.", "pct" and sometimes "pc" are also used. A percentage is a dimensionless number (pure number); it has no unit of measurement.

For example, 45% (read as "forty-five percent") is equal to the fraction 45/100, the ratio 45:55 (or 45:100 when comparing to the total rather than the other portion), or 0.45. Percentages are often used to express a proportionate part of a total. (Similarly, one can also express a number as a fraction of 1000, using the term "per mille" or the symbol "‰".)

In Ancient Rome, long before the existence of the decimal system, computations were often made in fractions in the multiples of 1/100. For example, Augustus levied a tax of 1/100 on goods sold at auction known as centesima rerum venalium. Computation with these fractions was equivalent to computing percentages. As denominations of money grew in the Middle Ages, computations with a denominator of 100 became increasingly standard, such that from the late 15th century to the early 16th century, it

The term "percent" is derived from the Latin per centum, meaning "hundred" or "by the hundred". The sign for "percent" evolved by gradual contraction of the Italian term per cento, meaning "for a hundred". The "per" was often abbreviated as "p."—eventually disappeared entirely. The "cento" was contracted to two circles separated by a horizontal line, from which the modern "%" symbol is derived.

The percent value is computed by multiplying the numeric value of the ratio by 100. For example, to find 50 apples as a percentage of 1250 apples, one first computes the ratio 50/1250 = 0.04, and then multiplies by 100 to obtain 4%. The percent value can also be found by multiplying first instead of later, so in this example, the 50 would be multiplied by 100 to give 5,000, and this result would be divided by 1250 to give 4%. To calculate a percentage of a percentage, convert both percentages to

Due to inconsistent usage, it is not always clear from the context what a percentage is relative to. When speaking of a "10% rise" or a "10% fall" in a quantity, the usual interpretation is that this is relative to the initial value of that quantity. For example, if an item is initially priced at \$200 and the price rises 10% (an increase of \$20), the new price will be \$220. Note that this final price is 110% of the initial price (100% + 10% = 110%). Some other examples of percent changes: 1. An