Philip was the son of Landgrave William II of Hesse and his second wife Anna of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. His father died when Philip was five years old, and in 1514 his mother, after a series of struggles with the Estates of Hesse , succeeded in becoming regent on his behalf.
Philipp, Prince and Landgrave of Hesse (6 November 1896 – 25 October 1980) was head of the Electoral House of Hesse from 1940 to 1980.. He joined the Nazi Party in 1930, and, when they gained power with the appointment of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor in 1933, he became Oberpräsident of the Prussian Province of Hesse-Nassau.
Felipe de Edimburgo (nacido como Felipe de Grecia y Dinamarca;  Corfú, 10 de junio de 1921-Windsor, 9 de abril de 2021)  fue el esposo de la reina Isabel II del Reino Unido durante más de 73 años.