Princess Sophia Matilda of the United Kingdom (3 November 1777 – 27 May 1848) was the twelfth child and fifth daughter of King George III and Queen Charlotte. Sophia is perhaps best known for the rumours surrounding a supposed illegitimate child to whom she gave birth as a young woman.
Princess Helena of the United Kingdom VA CI GBE RRC (Helena Augusta Victoria; 25 May 1846 – 9 June 1923), later Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, was the third daughter and fifth child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Helena was educated by private tutors chosen by her father and his close friend and adviser, Baron Stockmar.
Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom: 12. George III of the United Kingdom: 6. Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn: 13. Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz: 3. Victoria of the United Kingdom: 14. Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (= 8) 7. Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld: 15. Countess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf (= 9)
Princess Alice of the United Kingdom VA CI (Alice Maud Mary; 25 April 1843 – 14 December 1878) was Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine from 13 June 1877 until her death in 1878 as the wife of Grand Duke Louis IV. She was the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (22 May 1770 – 10 January 1840) was the seventh child and third daughter of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. After marrying the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg , Frederick VI , she took permanent residence in Germany as landgravine .
With the support of the United Kingdom, Russia colonised the territories of Novorossiya along the coasts of the Black and Azov Seas. In the west, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, ruled by Catherine's former lover King Stanisław August Poniatowski, was eventually partitioned, with the Russian Empire gaining the largest share.
Critically, Augusta's tolerance towards Catholicism at Koblenz (and throughout her lifetime) was scorned in Berlin and was felt inappropriate for a Prussian Protestant princess. In 1856 Augusta and William's only daughter, Princess Louise (then 17 years old), married Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden , and in 1858 their son Frederick married Princess Victoria , the eldest child of Queen Victoria ...